设计单位 REDe Architects
The project is located in Lanmen Village, Boluo County, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, adjacent to Luofu Mountain. Ancient poet Su Dongpo's poem once praised this place, "Eating 300 lychees a day, you never hesitate to be a Lingnan person". The old village is not large in scale, with about a dozen houses located on a terrace surrounded by a stream. There are towering ancient trees that have been standing for hundreds of years, as well as dense and airtight bamboo forests that are over ten meters high. The village has a long history, but historical architecture has been long gone.
Not much Lingnan genes remains on the existing buildings nowadays—the houses are dilapidated, the materials are randomly put together, and currently the oldest building in the village was built only a few decades ago. Faintly visible slogan marks on the wall from 1960ths can be considered as the only few details left by time for this village.
On the south side of the old village is an open and low-lying flat land, where most of the villagers have moved and built two or three stories of new cement houses, reuniting into the new Lanmen Village. There is a small river between the new and old villages, connected by a stone bridge in the middle. On the north side of the old village is a lawn, surrounded by a stream that forms a natural riverbank. The riverbank is filled with pebbles of all sizes.
The two ponds on the site are not large and should be byproducts of the villagers who used to cultivate them, but now they are also empty. As the investor of the project, Taikang Life Insurance will rent out all the premises where the old village is located. Through reasonable renovation, we hope to preserve the memories of the old village as much as possible and transform the Lanmen old village into a rural cultural and tourism complex. This can not only meet the needs of travel reception, but also create a model to showcase the future rural lifestyle.
Our rural transformation concept is to explore and promote the beauty of the place itself and to uncover real beauty. Guided by this concept, we hope to guide the attention of customers to the real natural and cultural landscapes in the surrounding area as much as possible. Our own architectural design aims to reflect the local characteristics in the most natural and economical way, while helping guests to comfortably relax, integrating into the rural environment.
Through in-depth communication with the Taikang team and considering future operational needs, we have decided to divide the venue into four parts. The core part is the remaining village buildings of the old village, concentrated on high terraces and naturally planned as relatively quiet living spaces. There are different levels of accommodation products in between - from single rooms to independent courtyards, as well as some basic public functional spaces that cooperate with accommodation arrangements, including reception cafes and multifunctional halls that can provide simple meals and hold small-scale events.
The relatively lower level area adjacent to the cliff and stone bridge on the south side of the accommodation area has been planned as a parking lot on the west side of the road, while the vegetable garden on the east side has been preserved as a site for future agricultural experiences.The riverbank and large lawn on the north side are naturally formed activity areas, surrounded by mountains, and shielded by dense bamboo between the quiet accommodation area, ensuring that the noisy activities do not affect the experience of the accommodation area.The last part is a stream that surrounds the entire terrace. We have arranged an elevated steel grid walkway on top of the stream, and set up multiple hydrophilic platforms in combination with the open water pool in the middle, providing a place for parent-child and families to get close to nature and play.
Our fundamental design logic for rennovation projects has always been to minimize intervention and minimize unnecessary design, and this concept is consistently applied. We have always believed that the most valuable essence of countryside is the inherent natural and cultural ecological environment. Creating so-called popular buildings that attract a lot of eyeballs and tourist flows is neither an obligation nor a goal of architects.Our purpose in rural building rennovation is to provide sufficient comfort for guests while meeting operational needs, and to help guests better discover the beauty that already exists in the countryside through architecture. On this basis, the architect's greatest responsibility, besides design, is to coordinate relationships and control costs.
Specifically for this project, our design task mainly consists of two points. First, we will reorganize the building space to meet the needs of later operations while maintaining the old village style and preserving the original architecture as much as possible. The second is to find suitable venues to rebuild model houses to showcase new models of rural life style.
In order to achieve our goal, we strive to preserve the remaining architectural structures in their original state, and display the old walls in indoor and outdoor spaces through various means. During the demolition process, old bricks, tiles, and wood materials have be protected as much as possible and reutilized in the later construction process. In the newly built houses, on top of utilizing old materials, we have also adopted energy-saving new materials, such as photovoltaic tiles on the roof, to preserve energy, saving for later use.
As shown in the overall plan, in combination with the remaining building structures, we have planned and designed a total of 8 buildings in the accommodation area. Buildings 1-4 will be renovated, and buildings 5-8 will be newly built. Buildings 2-4 are courtyard style residential units, while buildings 5-6 are newly built residences for demonstration and showcase.
More specifically, Building 1 is relatively complex, combining a coffee shop for reception, a preserved ancestral hall, and a single room style residential unit. Building 7 is a semi sunken multifunctional space that includes a bar and an open space for dining or organizing events. Building 1 also includes a private dining room, which is connected to the open dining area in Building 7 through an outdoor corridor. Building 8 is an equipment room, hidden in the lower part of the western slope, and will not cause visual interference to the site.
Building 1 is located on the southeast corner of the site, and currently consists of a brick house running north-south on the east side and a temple facing south on the west side. The brick houses running north-south happen to hold the entrance to the accommodation area, and after crossing the stone bridge from the new village area, you can reach here directly through a steep slope. From the entrance of the nearby ancestral hall to the edge of the cliff is a small square where small gatherings and public activities can take place.
In order to connect the village road with the square, a door opening was opened on the south side of the brick house for the convenience of villagers to enter and exit, and the north-south oriented rectangular building volume was also divided into two sections. As the spiritual center of the entire village, the ancestral hall space is required to be fully preserved, and the worship and related activities carried out by villagers around the ancestral hall also need to be carried out normally, while not interfering with the normal operation of the future commercial projects.
Considering the particularity of the location, we have decided to set up the brick houses running north-south as reception halls and cafes. The southern doorway has been preserved, and villagers can still access the ancestral hall through the familiar passage they usually use.
The larger space on the north side is used for reception and a cafe, while the smaller space on the south side is used for storage and security monitoring. The mountain wall on the south side of the small space stands right at the end of the steep slope from the stone bridge. We have placed the project logo on it, and the sloping tile roof continues to the other side of the village road, forming the entrance of the project along with the ancient trees next to it.
On the north side of the café, while retaining the original structure, we maintained the opening of the wall section and inserted an arc wall and a cylindrical bathroom on the east side of the building. The narrow slit on the south side of the curved wall leads guests into the interior space, which then opens up to the semi outdoor space on the north side. The concave surface of the curved wall and the native trees on the east side of the building naturally enclose a small courtyard, making the originally monotonous space rich and layered. The different enclosed spaces also provide more possibilities for future operation and use.
The building on the west side has been cut into two parts, east and west, in order to fully preserve the central ancestral hall space. Due to limited space, we decided to design this part of the space as a single room model, priced lower than the room products in the independent courtyard model, providing different levels of products for future marketing to meet different market demands.
The natural formation of a strip shaped inner courtyard between the east side and the coffee shop, as well as the west side and the multifunctional hall (Building 7), provides ventilation and lighting for the indoor space, and the courtyard landscape also enhances the indoor living experience. We have also designed a portion of the western building volume as an independent dining room according to operational needs, and connected it to the multifunctional hall through a corridor to meet the reception needs of the project in the future.
The exterior facade and roof of the building have been reused with the old tiles that were preserved during the removal of the scaffolding. Except for the collapsed parts that were rebuilt with recycled old bricks, the walls have been preserved in their original state. Two new concrete wall structures have been added to the north side, but they strive to be significantly different from the old building in terms of form and materials. The eastern door opening forms the entrance to the guest room, while the western wall enhances the remaining slogans on the northern old wall with framing and interior lighting.
For safety reasons, new independent structural columns have been installed on the inner side of the old wall, while the outer side is anchored using frames and panels. The final exterior facade of the building objectively reflects this structural logic.
Building 7 is located in the center of the south side of the site, originally an open space sandwiched between the volumes of Building 1 and Building 2. On the south side is the edge of the cliff, looking towards the direction of new village area, and further away is the continuous distant mountains. As a newly inserted building, we intend to distance ourselves from the old village in terms of form, but minimize the impact on the village environment in terms of volume and visual appeal. The building is formed by overlapping the roofs of two opposite slopes in the north and south, and the overall space is half a level lower than the elevation at the village road.
The green roof on the north side further weakens the volume pressure of the large scale sloping roof,while the still water surface on the south side pushes the entire building volumn away from the edge of the cliff, thus protecting the skyline of the old village as seen from the riverbank side.
This inserted new building not only meets functional requirements, but also serves as a tool for us to help visitors rediscover the site. The guest enters the village from the steep slope in the southeast corner, bypassing Courtyard 1. The semi underground multifunctional space is hidden under the green roof, and the distant mountain scenery is deliberately hidden. The remaining stone gate in the venue guides guests down the narrow gap and into the open interior space, leading to the south side. The entire glass wall opens up to a beautiful view.
The height of the countertop is exactly at the same level as the water surface of the pool outside the wall, and the continuous distant mountains reflect on the water surface. The deep water surface also blocks the visual interference of the newly built cement house in the new village on the south side, bringing a strong visual impact to the guests.
The kitchen and logistics room are arranged in a relatively low space on the north side, with sunlight shining through the gap between the two roofs, illuminating the bar counter located in the middle of the space.
These three groups of buildings are all independent courtyard style residential units transformed on the basis of retaining the original walls, and together they constitute the most basic spatial texture of the village.
Each yard contains multiple bedrooms and multiple entrances and exits are set up to accommodate future split sales needs. We hope that guests who check in can experience rich spatial layers during the process of entering the courtyard, so similar logic is followed in the process of organizing the space. In addition to the courtyard space enclosed by the original structure, we also inserted a small courtyard space and a porch (gray space) at the entrance.
The porch space provides a transition in temperature, light, and mood for guests to enter the indoor air-conditioned environment in extremely hot weather, while the small courtyard provides a more private and interesting living experience for the functional space.
The corridor space in the courtyard connects different functional spaces together, ensuring that guests can travel freely even on rainy days. Considering the hot and rainy local climate, open courtyards without shelter are not suitable for guests to stay for a long time Although the corridor space occupies a large amount of courtyard space, the large amount of under eaves space we create is more suitable for guests to rest and stay here, get close to nature, and experience a relaxed vacation atmosphere. At the same time, such gray space further blurs the boundaries between indoor and outdoor spaces, further improving the quality of indoor space.
The preserved walls and old materials left behind during demolition are exposed in fragments in both indoor and outdoor spaces, constantly reminding guests of memories of the old village.
Both of these buildings are completely newly built, attempting to explore the living models of future new villagers entering. The two buildings envision different types of villagers. The hypothetical owner of Building 5 is a handicraft practitioner returning to their hometown, while the hypothetical owner of Building 6 is a family returning to their hometown for retirement. The two buildings have some similar treatments, such as arranging a garage and storage space for agricultural tools, and nearby bathrooms for owners to change clothes and clean after returning home.
The roofs are all equipped with photovoltaic tiles to supply some indoor electricity, and outdoor areas are also arranged with their own small vegetable gardens. Differently, Building 5 has set up an independent workshop and a large open exhibition area in the first floor space according to the characteristics of the imagined residents, which facilitates the host to hold small gatherings and promote products.
On the first floor of Building 6, there are separate bedrooms and relatively independent tea rooms specifically designed for the elderly The outdoor platform is adjacent to the preserved pond, and when the weather is good, the elderly can leisurely fish here. The positions of both buildings are relatively independent and quiet, with a certain distance from the original old village. Coupled with the dense vegetation around, the relatively modern appearance will not damage the atmosphere of the old village.
Even for newly built houses, we still extensively use the old materials we previously collected for indoor and outdoor decoration, creating a dialogue with the existing old village in this way.