With only about 60 households, Shentan Village is the hometown of Xuefeng Feng, the founder of the League of the Left-Wing Writers (an organization of writers formed in China in 1930), a famous modern poet and literary theorist. Xuefeng Literature Museum is a thematic literature museum rooted in the cultural heritage resources of Shentan Village and Xuefeng Feng's personal career.
The specificity of Xuefeng Literature Museum urges us to try to interpret Xuefeng Feng's magnificent life of "holding pen in left hand and sword in right hand". Feng's literature began in "Lakeside Poetry Society", turned to novels, rich in literary theory, and took fable as his lifelong love. Feng was a fighter, famous for his friendship and fighting side by side with Xun Lu, and the only writer who completed the 25,000 li Long March. His proud and indomitable character of life became an important inspiration for the design, which aims to build a proper, hidden and unique rural public building.
Xuefeng Literature Museum is deeply rooted in Shentan Village and the rolling hills around it. Shentan Village is located in the mid-levels of Mt. Chi’an in the south of Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province, surrounded by mountains, water region and pleasant scenery. The architecture of Xuefeng Literature Museum fits closely with the spatial narrative, and the construction is accompanied by the renewal of the whole village. Xuefeng Literature Museum, Xuefeng Former Residence, Xuefeng Cemetery, Xuefeng Library, Memorial Hall of the Old Red Army, etc., together create a rural architectural settlement with literature as the theme, forming a "literary village". These iconic buildings are connected by rural promenades, forming "literary paths".
Considering the small scale of the village and the mountains, the site is located in an open area that has been dug out at the foot of the mountain, and formed in the overall vertical direction of the village, thus hiding the building volume under the foot of the mountain to the maximum extent. It forms a Y-shaped trend with the village buildings, creating a spatial enclosure facing the central farmland pond and the distant mountains.
The building adopts the courtyard building prototype of "void and solid alternate, three-dimensional connection" to dissolve the overall scale and form the thermodynamic space structure of natural ventilation and lighting of the building. Through four courtyards and platform spaces, the homogeneous plane pattern is broken, and the whole volume is broken into pieces, strengthening the "in-situ" characteristics of the museum.
The building is stratified in the vertical direction, and the ground floor of the building is raised to form the main entrance space and the platform space entering the second floor roof. The second floor is combined with the white volume through the platform, highlighting the sense of floating and continuous volume of the building, highlighting the concise and powerful form of the building. The dark grey folded roof reinforces the rolling pattern of the settlement, echoing the scale of the mountains and the village. The roof terrace at the southern end forms a longitudinal spatial connection with the inner courtyard and connects with the scale of the hill at the rear.
The void courtyard is connected in three dimensions, and combined with the protruding ventilation skylight in the exhibition hall part of the building, forming a good thermodynamic airflow path between indoor and outdoor. The longitudinal long axis of the building is consistent with the southeast dominant wind direction, which is the overall shape of the building and energy.
The two-story hall of the building forms the core of the space, and the overall spatial narrative and roaming of the building are also centered around here. Public service spaces such as lecture halls and cafes are set up on both sides of the hall, while the opposite side is the main exhibition hall and office logistics space. The staircase surrounding the hall leads to the exhibition hall and coffee space on the second floor, which also connects the writers' residence studio and the logistics space.
The exhibition hall forms a continuous internal flow from the first to the second floor, and is combined with the courtyard and roof terrace, providing a pause in the middle of the viewing platform with the best views facing the lake and the village. The coffee side is also integrated with the roof terrace to provide a south-eastern view of the village, with a view towards the Shentan Village, forming a "distant view" with the Xuefeng Former Residence.
Under the strict cost constraints, the building reflects the history and culture through materialization, the use of light white and dark gray elastic texture paint contrast, reflecting the calm and strength with a sense of history. The roof adopts the traditional tile roof, combined with the protruding light and ventilation skylight volume, echoes the traditional style at the same time, but also has a modern design.