设计单位 kousou Inc.
This is a project to design the entrance and exit of ``Shikoku Mura'', one of Japan's leading outdoor museums, which collects private houses in Shikoku and passes them on to future generations. It took me a year just to discuss the meaning of Shikoku Village in the present age when there are few opportunities to see private houses, whether it should be built in the first place, and if it is necessary, what it is for.
I spent more than Ultimately, on the north side is Nagarezaka, a magnificent work by the sculptor Masayuki Nagare, on the south side is Waraya, a relocated old private house, and on the east side is an old Western-style building relocated from Kobe called Ijin. The site was set at a position that connects the many resources that exist in this place. It was a very important process in determining the quality of architecture that we were able to discuss from the premise of starting the design.
In order to three-dimensionally connect these "site resources" that originally existed as separate things, and to present the potential value of this place as a space, the topography is first modified. Specifically, the slope between the Waraya and Nagarezaka, which has a difference in elevation, was made as gentle as possible, and at the same time, the new building, Oyanesan, was built in the new topography, while facing south. The direction of the 'straw house' was reversed spatially, and the relationship of the existing resources was reconciled spatially.
The site is located at the foot of Yashima, which is famous for the Battle of the Genpei War, and is designated as a national historic site and natural monument. It consists of wooden frames on the second floor. Since the number of floors varies from east to west, the required roof height is different. Furthermore, the height of the eaves on the south side must be changed according to the comings and goings of people, and the height of the eaves on the north side must correspond to the gradient of the flowing slope.
Since the height of the ridge and the height of the eaves on the north and south sides are all different, the slope and dimensions of the 47 groups of wooden beams change with the RC beams as fulcrums. As a result, it became an organic silhouette like a living creature.
The west façade uses wood from the Endo family residence in Minamisanriku, which was damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake. Old materials with a history of 300 years are different in size and shape, with missing corners.
This building serves as a place to provide information to people entering Shikoku Village, and at the same time to introduce episodes related to private houses to those who leave. By editing the experience of the entrance and exit of the outdoor museum, I wanted to contribute to the understanding of the culture of Shikoku through a private house.
In addition, this architecture is also one of the works of the Setouchi International Art Festival, and it is a place to convey the life of Shikoku to many people at home and abroad.
Project Name: Shikoku Mura Museum "Oyane-san"
Architecture: kousou Inc.
Equipment: Akeno Equipment Research Institute
Construction: Kajima Corporation Shikoku Branch
Location: 91 Yashima Nakamachi, Takamatsu City, Kagawa Prefecture
Site area: 54878.23m2
Construction area: 377.81m2
Total floor area: 420.38m2
Number of floors: 2 floors above ground
Structure: Reinforced concrete construction,partly steel construction + wooden construction
Construction period: April 2021 to April 2022
Project Name: "Waraya" renovation
Architecture: Octant institute for architecture & urbanism
Structure: Kawasaki Structural Design
Construction: Fujiki Komuten
Photo: Takumi Ota