设计单位 Diana Kellogg Architects
Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校位于印度拉贾斯坦邦（Rajasthan, India），坐落在广袤而神秘的塔尔沙漠（Thar Desert）中心地带，其建筑独特的椭圆形砂岩结构与干旱的风景完美融合。这所学校计划于2021年7月开放，会接收400余名女学生，她们的年龄从幼儿园到10年级不等，这些女孩生活在贫困线以下的地区，那里的女性识字率仅有36%。
Sitting atop numerous acres in the heart of the mystic Thar Desert in Rajasthan, India, stands The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School - a fantastical oval sandstone structure that blends seamlessly into the arid landscape. Set to open in July 2021, the school will serve more than 400 girls, from kindergarten to class 10, that live below the poverty line in the region where female literacy barely touches 36 percent.
这所学校就如同沙漠之境贾沙梅尔（Jaisalmer）的一座灯塔，是为改善社区生活而建。工匠们基本都是当地女孩们的父亲，他们用当地的砂岩建造了这所学校，不久之后他们还将建造起两座新的建筑：一座是“The Medha”，一个带有图书馆和博物馆的表演及艺术展览空间；另一座是妇女联合会（The Women’s Cooperative），工匠会在这里向当地女性传授编织和刺绣技术。
Standing as a beacon in its desert kingdom of Jaisalmer, The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School was built to improve the lives of the community. Local craftsmen—often the fathers of the girls—built the school using local sandstone, and soon two more structures will be erected: The Medha - a performance and art exhibition space with a library and museum, and The Women’s Cooperative where local artisans will teach mothers and other women weaving and embroidery techniques from the region.
The complex of three buildings will be known as the GYAAN Center. Designed by New York City-based architect Diana Kellogg of Diana Kellogg Architects, the GYAAN Center was created in partnership with CITTA, a non-profit organization that supports development in some of the most economically challenged, geographically remote or marginalized communities in the world. The GYAAN Center will equip young women with the tools to further their education and independence as well as raise awareness surrounding the issues faced by women in India on a global scale.
“Effective design is a process requiring compassion and respect for the history of a place – its culture, its topography and its vernacular, said Diana Kellogg, Founder, Diana Kellogg Architects. “I wanted to create a building about light and community – a structure that resonates with the soul of its people.”
Sustainability was of utmost importance to Kellogg and her team, who designed the GYAAN Center pro bono and worked entirely with all local craftsmen to build the first structure – The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School – out of hand-carved Jaisalmer sandstone.
Inside the school, visitors are greeted by a sweeping staircase and a wall decorated with diyas, small stone flower medallions signifying each classroom and the donors for the project. Winding corridors lead you to classrooms, a computer center and a sprawling terrace, all donned with furniture made locally out of rosewood with classic Charpai woven seating. A parapet wall is also featured as a reinvention of the Jallis, screen walls traditionally used to hide women for privacy.
The design team followed the local ancient water harvesting techniques to maximize the rainwater and recycle gray water in the school. While the building is oriented to maximize the prevailing wind and keep maximum sunlight out, the team also employed solar panels for the lighting and fans in the building. A solar canopy on the roof with a metal framework doubles as a jungle gym with seesaws, swings and monkey bars for the girls.
Both the solar panel canopy and Jallis keep the heat out and the elliptical shape of the structure also helps bring aspects of sustainability, creating a cooling panel of airflow, in addition to passive solar cooling where temperatures peak close to 120 degrees. At the GYAAN Center, the wall allows air to flow through the building and keep the sun and sand out. A central structure weaves together The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School and The Women’s Cooperative, representing a blending of generations and The GYAAN Center’s mission to be a healing and nurturing space for women through every stage of life.
“Since the building was built for a non-profit to support girls’ education, every effort was made toward economic design, said Kellogg. “It was imperative that we incorporated authentic cultural elements, so the Center was a true representation of the region and its members.”
印度著名时装设计师萨比亚萨奇·穆克吉（Sabyasachi Mukherjee）受邀为Rajkumari Ratnavati女子学校的学生设计校服。校服使用了当地一种名为Ajrak的传统布料，用天然染料进行块印，与现代技术有所不同。这种校服的做法，能够展示该地区的手工艺遗产，凸显手工艺固有的美感和力量，并让当地居民对他们的家乡产生更强的归属感、连接感和自豪感。
Famed Indian fashion designer Sabyasachi Mukherjee was tapped to create the uniforms for the students of The Rajkumari Ratnavati Girl’s School. Sabyasachi used Ajrak, a traditional textile from the region that is block-printed with natural dyes using a technique that predates modern history. They were made to reflect the region’s craft heritage to highlight the beauty and power inherent to the crafts, as well as provide a better sense of community, connection and pride for their home.
Conceptualized by Kellogg, the Women’s Cooperative and Medha will bring together the cultural elements of womanhood with the educational component of the school. The completed GYAAN Center will invite renowned female artists, designers and education advocates to create artwork, host events and present installations. Students will learn to read, write, and develop traditional artisan skills unique to the region. While girls are receiving an education at the Girls School, mothers and other women in the region will work with local artisans at The Women’s Cooperative.
Exhibitions at The Medha will embody the importance of women’s empowerment, while drawing people to the center. The space will also periodically act as a marketplace to share the women’s creations with tourists venturing to the nearby dunes to experience the sunset. The education, independence, and empowerment women gain at the GYAAN center will, in turn, incentivize families to educate their daughters, bringing the benefit of the center full circle.
“We couldn’t be more appreciative to Diana for her time and artistry to make the school a reality,” said Michael Daube, Founder & Executive Director, CITTA. “To make a true impact for our students will mean changing attitudes of what girls and women are capable of. This is our first step in that effort.”
建筑设计：Diana Kellogg Architects
建筑/承包商：Kareem Khan Construction
地址：Khasara Number 23/1508, Village Kanoi, Block Sam Jaisalmer, 345001
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