设计单位 Katsuhiko Endo Architect and Associates远藤克彦建筑研究所
建筑面积 20 012.43平方米
大阪中之岛是位于堂岛川（Dojima River）和土佐堀川（Tosabori River）两条河流之间的沙洲，自中世纪以来一直是商业贸易活动繁荣的地区。
Osaka Nakanoshima, a sandbank lying between two rivers, the Dojima River and the Tosabori River, has been a thriving area for trading and commercial activities since the Middle Ages.
Through site investigation, it was understood that the site was an important nexus between the east and west sides of Nakanoshima, thus, making it important to connect the flow of people and guide them in all directions. For this reason, instead of having a "front" of the building to create a specific route, a series of entrances were designed to welcome people in all directions.
Moreover, as the Nakanoshima area is at risk of flooding, it was important to locate the artwork-related rooms on the 3rd floor and above, where damage from flooding could be physically avoided. The 1st and 2nd floor, on the other hand, were open to the city and offer a public space that could be used on a regular basis by people other than visitors to the museum.
The project consists of a 5-floors steel frame structure with a base isolation system and a parking space with an earthquake-resistant system, linked by expansion joints.
The external spaces on the 1st and 2nd floor are continuous to the surrounding landscape, being conscious of enhancing urban accessibility. In order to make a seamless connection, it was necessary to eliminate the height difference to the surrounding site.
As a result, on top of the "typography" of the 1st and 2nd floor, a clear geometric "architecture" with massive square facades were designed to express the museum as a floating formation in the city.
The 2nd floor, which is a part of the terrain, is connected to the surrounding public facilities by a walkway deck. A connecting walkway is planned to be further extended to the west side of the building, contributing to the future liveliness of the Nakanoshima area.
Considering the surroundings of the site, the 1st and 2nd floor are planned as public lobby spaces, similar to the concourse of a station.
The escalator from the 2nd to the 4th floor takes visitors from the horizontal view of the 1st and 2nd floor to the vertical experience of the upper floors, where they then enter the exhibition rooms.
The Passage has been designed in such a way that the space is hollowed out from a large volume, creating a three-dimensional lobby space layered on each floor, changing its direction from east to west on the 4th floor and from north to south on the 5th floor. The cross-section of the passages is also the form of the openings in the four exterior walls.
These passages on the upper floors not only function as lobbies in front of the exhibition rooms but also provide views of the Nakanoshima area from all four sides of the building, as the passages intersect in all directions. It is intended that the passages between the exhibition rooms will create opportunities for visitors to look up at the city while viewing the exhibition, creating a new urban experience that goes beyond the mere enjoyment of art.
博物馆的黑色外墙由609块预制混凝土板构成。其使用的混凝土由岩手县产的一种黑色黏土板岩（Iwate Gensho stone）碎石、京都宇治地区的河砂、一种符合JIS标准的轻质混凝土基材，以及黑色颜料组合而成。待其表面硬化后，再用超高压水枪对其进行粗加工，接着涂上致密的无机硅基化合物层，使得建筑具有耐候性，并为防止骨料掉落提供保护。
The black exterior of the museum is made up of 609 precast concrete plates and the surface is filled with architectural concrete, a combination of crushed Iwate Gensho stone, crushed sand from Uji, Kyoto, black pigment, and a JIS standard lightweight concrete backing. The hardened surface is then roughed up by ultra-high pressure water jets before being coated with a highly concentrated inorganic silica-based compound layer to give weather resistance and protection from aggregates falling.
The surface is carved to create micro-shades, giving the exterior a darker black, without relying on the color of the material. On the contrary, the interior passages are finished with platinum silver louvers on the walls and ceiling. The louvers themselves are very simple, but the effect of the slightly red-tinged gray background paint, the natural light from the top light in the atrium and the different color temperatures of the interior lighting give each side of the passage a unique shade.
The light pouring through the openings of the black exterior walls is both a symbol and a sign of human activity expressed in relation to art and culture in Nakanoshima, Osaka.
Architecture: Katsuhiko Endo Architect and Associates, Osaka City
Structure: Jun Sato Structural Engineers Co., Ltd.
Tohata Architects & Engineers;
Landscape: Studio Terra, Inc.
Site Area: 12,870.54㎡
Total Building Area: 6,680.56㎡
Gross Floor Area: 20,012.43㎡
Number of Storeys: 5 Storeys
Structure: Steel frame, Base isolation system
Program: Art Museum
Photographer: Hiroshi Ueda, Nao Takahashi
Design and Supervision: Katsuhiko Endo, Koyo Tonosaki, Fumiaki Kimura, Atsushi Mochinaga, Hisashi Higuchi, Yuui Kishimoto, Yusuke Mizukawa
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