▲ 项目视频 © 济宁华侨城文化旅游发展有限公司
Jining city, located in the southwest of Shandong Province, has a long history and profound culture. It is one of the important birthplaces of Oriental Culture, Chinese civilization, Confucian culture, Water Margin culture and Canal culture. The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal with a total length of about 1800 kilometers, has Jining in the middle of the whole river. The Canal reached the highest altitude in Jining section Wenshang County Nanwang town, namely the canal ridge. With the miracle of Nanwang water diversion project, Jining became the center hub of the control of the major north-south arteries in China, and established the pattern of three parts of the canal under the South of the Yangtze River, which was widely known.
The old city of Jining was built along the river, and prospered for the river. During the Yuan Dynasty, the Jizhou River, the Huitong River and the Tonghui River are excavated in sequence. Thus, the canal ran from north to south, and the river transport was prosperous. Using the rich natural veins, Jining people also created an old canal through the downtown, becoming an important tributary of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, providing a convenient channel for merchant ships to enter the central city. Merchant ships from south to north chose to transit here, and merchants gathered, making the city prosperity. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the highest administrative office of national water transport was located in Jining, which fully established its position as the city of the canal.
OCT Jining Grand Canal Culture&Art Center is located in the southern end of Rencheng District of Jining and the north bank of Taibai Lake, which is the front line of the dialogue between the city and the water body. The location of the center highlights the dialogue between the city and water. The Torch South Road on the east side of the site can bring people from the city to the center, while the old canal runs through the city on its west side. Overlooking Taibai Lake from the site, you can see the old canal extending in the distance in the shape of S, with lush vegetation on the four banks.
The project site is sandwiched between the canal and the urban road, with an overall north-south orientation. The west side of the site is near the top of the riverside flood control dike, and the east side is connected with the municipal road. The original elevation of the construction site is located in the low-lying land. The design elevates the site to a height between the elevation of the riverfront promenade and the municipal road, and replaces the original trees in the low-lying land with grass slope and water system, creating a urban open park, forming a smooth transition from the city to the water. The vitality of the city thus penetrates into the quietly flowing canal, allowing the gentle and elegant river to collide with the hot and energetic city.
The canal is the main character of the site. The emotional cues of the water flowing through it have not changed for centuries.
Both the circulation and space of the center are based on the spiral line derived from the Fibonacci numbers, which is the basic prototype of "Le Corbusier Infinite Growth Museum". The "sense of flow" responds to the site motif of "Water under the Bridge as Time Goes by", presenting a differentiated spatial narrative developed by two spiral lines juxtaposed inside and outside.
Enter the site from the eastern opening of the city road, and walk along the curved water path along the static water. The thick outer wall leads people slowly to the main entrance of the building with strong guidance. The circulation is still along the water after entering the room. Through increased gradually in the swaying waves reflection cross-bars, order to central exhibition hall, a set of cadences from bright to dark and the light and shadow narrative be suddenly enlightened after arrive at the second exhibition, huge glass welcomes the charming scenery of the canal and the time story like picture in front of each visitor, present the natural-artificial - natural places experience.
The external circulation of the building steps up along the outdoor ramp and reaches the outdoor performance platform at 12m elevation through the roof of the raised platform, which overlooks the water and light of the old canal in the clouds. To achieve a maximum interaction and physical intervention between human and nature.
The space form of the building is also controlled by the spiral shape from low to high. The shape rises from the ground from the northwest corner, passes through a ramp parallel to the old canal, turns counterclockwise 270 degrees, and reaches the highest point when facing west to the river. The facade of the building is mainly made of medium-gray artificial reclaimed stone grooves, which are engraved with the traces of time in its thick and rough texture. The spatial spiral makes the inverted conical volume with a strong sense of power have the momentum to rise into the air, integrating the meaning of "boating“ and "sailing".
Linear low window——Long, 80cm high transverse windows at the bottom，cut the building off from the ground, and a line of daylight invites people to the main exhibition hall. Here, light is carefully restrained in entering the interior. The water outside extends into the interior and is reflected into the interior by a carefully calculated wavy refraction surface at the bottom of the pool. Tumble in the curved wall suspension weightlessness in pool under the action of light refraction alienation, and through the reflex of the surface and bottom sipping, rhythm of time watermark is put it into a giant water annulus, from dawn to night, the wind blows shadows move, waves of dense light also engraved with the canal in the space of the container the story of time.
Rooftop Light Container——The height of the exhibition space rises with the step-like roof. Due to different elevations, the adjacent roofs adopt a double beam system. Here, light selectively enters the interior over time. Through the oblique light collector between the three beams, the light has a differentiated path from southwest, west and northwest to enter the interior. With the change of the sun's trajectory, the Angle, intensity and hue gradually change through the three sets of light collector intake, bright and dark, from strong to weak, and finally in the evening of a day, as a soft sunset, so that the whole exhibition hall is bathed in golden warm light.
West Windows and Light Hall——In the spiraling space, light always Outlines the story of time in a restrained way. Only the second exhibition area on the second floor adopts the whole glass curtain wall on the facade facing the old canal, allowing the light to pour in without reservation, allowing the eyes to look far into the canal and river in the sunset. The spiral-shaped ramp of the northeast roof of the building is set with curved glass lighting roof at the top of the building. Abundant skylight makes the office areas on the second and third floors surrounding the light courtyard also get the chance to encounter light.
While guiding light into the building in a differentiated way, the light window also serves as a ventilation function. The linear low window introduces the cool air from the water surface to the interior with the linear air guide trough in the outdoor near water area. The three groups of light containers on the roof can pull out the hot air from the indoor high area when the outdoor window is opened, thus achieving the effect of active air distribution.