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捷克第二大城堡Helfštýn改造 / atelier-r

捷克第二大城堡Helfštýn改造 / atelier-r
编译:李敏 | 2020.11.06 16:53
©BoysPlayNice

设计团队  atelier-r

项目地点  捷克奥洛穆克州

建筑面积  3000平方米

建成时间  2020年


 

Helfštýn城堡建筑群耸立于捷克摩拉维亚地区山脉,始建于14世纪,是仅次于布拉格城堡的捷克第二大城堡建筑群。2014年,为避免砌筑物和建筑残骸等坍塌带来的安全隐患,这个文艺复兴时期的宫殿遗址被关闭。

Rising high above the Moravian Gate valley, Helfštýn Castle is the second largest complex in the Czech Republic right after Prague Castle. Helfštýn was established in the 14th century. In 2014 the Renaissance palace ruins had to close down due to the severe safety hazards such as falling masonry and remains degradation.

 

©BoysPlayNice

城堡主人对这个位于奥洛穆克地区改造项目的期望是,在翻新整体建筑群的同时,为其加盖新的屋顶。根据国家遗产研究所的要求,改造需在保留城堡遗址现状的前提下操作,因此建筑师只能新增部分建筑的屋顶,并且高度不得超过外墙。
The primary requirement of the castle owner; Olomouc Region, was to renovate the palace along with the construction of a new roof. The National Heritage Institute insisted on the preservation of the building in the state of a ruin. The roof was allowed only partially, and it could only go as high as the level of the peripheral walls.

 

©BoysPlayNice

Helfštýn城堡建筑群的改造计划非常独特。在该项目推进过程中,我们绘制的所有关于石膏、砌筑墙体等的图纸,都是基于大量无人机拍摄的照片,继而推导出3D模型。

The project planning was rather unique. The 3D model based on thousands of photographs from a drone allowed us to map all the types of plaster and masonry modifications. 

©BoysPlayNice

我们希望该项目可以超越技术改造本身,兼具实用性与美学,实现历史建筑与当代建筑的相互融合。

We aspired to go beyond the technical reconstruction assignment. We strived to compliment the historical building with the contemporary architecture that would focus on both practical use as well as gaining an aesthetic appeal. 

 

©BoysPlayNice

为了使参观者充分了解这个文艺复兴时期建筑群的历史发展,我们在城堡建筑群的既有空隙中设置了新的观光路线,并将建筑底层与新建入口连接起来。

In order to immerse the visitors in the historical development of the original renaissance palace we inserted new sightseeing routes into the already existing gaps in the ruins, connecting the ground floor with the newly accessible higher levels of the palace.

 

©BoysPlayNice

在该项目中,新增元素非常醒目直白。我们使用了三种基本材料,每层建筑使用一种:屋顶结构由钢制横梁和置于其上的玻璃组成,楼梯和行人天桥采用耐候钢,而底层观光路径则由抛光混凝土铺设而成。
Newly added contemporary elements are clearly recognizable in the historical construction. We worked with three basic materials, one for each level of the building. The roofing is made of glass on steel beams, the staircases and footbridges have been made of corten steel and the ground floor paths are made of polished concrete.

©BoysPlayNice

加盖的玻璃平屋顶铺盖在遗址的墙壁之间,开阔的天空为我们选择玻璃材质带来灵感,玻璃可为建筑内部创造理想的日光条件。我们选择磨砂玻璃有两个原因:一是易于维护,均匀的散射光可提升建筑内展览空间的品质(教堂的屋顶不同于其他建筑单体);二是透明的玻璃屋顶在形式上象征天堂。

The flat glass roofs have been inserted in between the walls of the ruins. The wide-open sky was the key inspiration when choosing the material for the roof. Using glass provides perfect day light conditions to the interior of the palace. We have chosen to work with the sanded glass for a couple of reasons. It is easy on the maintenance and the flat dispersed light compliments the exhibitions inside the palace. The chapel roof was an exception. The clear glass roof symbolizes heaven quite literally.

 

我们有选择性地在五个房子上加盖了玻璃屋顶,耐候钢人行天桥同时充当楼梯之间的屋顶。这种对空间的留白设计手法,在强化场地历史感的同时,引导参观者仰望天空。
We have put a roof on five chosen chambers only. The corten footbridges serve as a roof for the staircases. We intentionally left out some of the spaces in order to enhance the spirit of the impressive ruins and encourage the visitors to look up to the sky. 

 

©BoysPlayNice

设计还将原建筑的屋顶空间,加入到新的观光路线中,以尽可能地使参观者接触到原始建筑的细节,并可到达建筑的最高处,获得极佳的景观视野。

What once used to be a roof has now become the new sightseeing route. Being this close to the construction details of the original palace and as high as the top of the walls allows the public to admire the historical significance of the sight and the sheer views of the surrounding region.


©BoysPlayNice

选择状态持久的材料在该设计中至关重要。耐候钢是一种特殊的合金钢,其表面氧化后与历史城墙在视觉上相和谐。Helfštýn城堡以其铁器工艺传统闻名,选择耐候钢与之搭配亦非常合理。
It was crucial to choose a material that would be timeless. Corten is a special iron alloy that undergoes a corrosion, matures and matches the texture of the old historical walls. Moreover, Helfštýn Castle is well-renowned for its iron craftsmanship tradition, therefore it made a perfect sense to choose corten to work with. 

 

©BoysPlayNice

在建筑底层,我们设计了一个由普通交通空间和步道组成的网络体系,它由抛光混凝土板于不同区域铺设而成。该预制混凝土板严格按照耐候钢材制作标准制成,并与不平坦、不规则的墙壁形成一定间隙,设计在此间隙中填满砾石,既突出板材本身的平整性与规则性,又调和了墙面的不规则性。

On the ground floor we designed a network of marching areas and pavements from precise smooth pre-cast concrete boards laid down into individual areas. Pre-cast concrete is defined by rigorously straight Corten steel profiles that create a distance from uneven and irregular walls. The area between precise profile and irregular walls is dumped by gravel that highlights both and conciliates irregularity with uncompromising straight forefront.

©BoysPlayNice

设计旨在在尊重历史建筑的前提下,保留城堡的原始特色。引人入胜的观光路径引导游客了解建筑历史,并可于城堡屋顶改造而成的人行天桥上欣赏周边风景。该项目中,当代建筑与历史建筑并不对立,它们通过强有力的介入体系,实现了新旧元素的并存。

Our concept is based on the respect towards the historical building and it pursues a major effort to preserve the castle’s authentic character. The palace gained an attractive sightseeing route that allows the visitors to learn about the building history and enjoy the picturesque views from the footbridges on the upper levels of the castle what once used to be a roof. The contemporary architecture does not compete with the historical building, rather it creates a cohesive unit in which all the elements, old and new go hand in hand.

 

©BoysPlayNice

 

设计图纸 ▽

 

总平面图  ©atelier-r
一层平面图  ©atelier-r
二层平面图  ©atelier-r

 

屋顶平面图  ©atelier-r
a-a剖面图  ©atelier-r
b-b剖面图  ©atelier-r
c-c剖面图  ©atelier-r
d-d剖面图  ©atelier-r

完整项目信息

Studio: atelier-r
Author: Miroslav Pospíšil, principal architect
Co-author: Martin Karlík, principal project manager
Project location: Helfštýn by Týn nad Bečvou
Project country: Czech Republic
Project year: 2015-2016
Completion year: 2020
Built-up Area: 1370 m2
Gross Floor Area: 3000 m2
Usable Floor Area: 1340 m2
Plot size: 2050 m2
Client: Olomouc Region

Photographer: BoysPlayNice

Collaborator:

Design team: Robert Randys, Lucie Rohelová, Adéla Tomečková, Milena Koblihová, Daria Johanesová / atelier-r
Structural stability of historical constructions: Ladislav Klusáček
Structural stability of newly inserted constructions: Jan Lukáš
Rehabilitation of the damp parts of historical walls: Pavel Fára
Contractors: HOCHTIEF CZ and ARCHATT PAMÁTKY
Steel and corten construction: Zámečnictví Sloupský
Glass construction: Bubeník 1913
Concrete floors: AAP hranice

Materials:
stone / historical masonry
bricks / historical masonry
concrete / foundations’ strengthening, ground level floors
steel / joists and beams of newly inserted footbridges
corten / beams, floors, cladding of the newly inserted footbridges
glass / roofing and banisters of a part of newly inserted components


 

版权声明:本文由atelier-r授权发布。欢迎转发,禁止以有方编辑版本转载。

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