设计单位 中铁建工集团 长沙市规划设计院有限责任公司
The SHEN YI Intelligent Factory has been under construction since 2020, and it has been completed and put into use after three years of COVID-19 pandemic.
The project is located in the Yuhua Economic Development Zone of Changsha City where border on the “Green Heart” of CHANGZHUTAN region. As a leader in the domestic standard parts industry, the design of SHEN YI Intelligent Factory is driven by innovation. We focus on streamline and scale, interface and space, attempting to find a balance between function and form.
The layout of the Factory is function oriented. The main manufacturing architectures and warehouses are located on the core location where are arranged in two parallel rows according to the manufacturing line. Along the urban main road, there are research and development office building serving as the urban image display panel. Living facilities such as canteens and dormitories are situated southern end of the Factory.
Investor proposed the requirement for a tour route before design. There are two overhead-corridor made of red perforated aluminum plates interspersed throughout the entire Factory with the aim of creating new pedestrian routes. Visitors could visit the mezzanine of the manufacturing space relying on innovative corridors which connect various production architectures, ultimately reaching the ground level through outdoor stairs.
The interlaced layers of corridors create a strong sense of rhythm and order. It can be regard as a blending agent connecting factories that differ from civil architectures creating a relatively pleasant and approachable scale. In addition to serving as a transportation artery, the overhead-corridor is a place for having break creating a unique human temperature that distinguishes it from emotionless machinery and equipment.
Industrial architecture as a special type of architecture that mainly serves machines and manufacture is defined that the volume surpasses the daily scene.
We have considered the form of a fabulous gate that continues the rhythm of a stacked aerial corridor along the street interface. The canopy, originally used as an office building building, forms a "Gate" facing the city that spans the road in space and connects the architecture volume on both sides of the main space axes.
As the main entrance of the Factory, the 'gate' responds to urban space on a scale. The fabulous gate spanning 70 meters greatly increases the image aspect which is the first transitional space as well.
We consider making the office building where faces the city road as pure and concise as possible with only a red rectangular volume selected in the upper right corner to form a visual focus. The other facades are composed of homogeneous planes.
The architecture facade mainly adopts circular perforated aluminum sheet skin reflecting industrial characteristics from the material perspective. In terms of functionality, perforated aluminum panels could ensure the ventilation and lighting requirements. At the same time, the gaps between the aluminum panels and the exterior walls form airflow which can reduce architecture energy consumption.
The aluminum plate is perforated with two different apertures which are decorated alternately to form sequence and breaking the invariably facade. In addition, the aluminum plates are arranged slightly in alternating order on the façade crating a rich rhythm and shadow effect under light.
The light shines through the aluminum plate which create a semi-transparent effect on the façade and creating a hazy aesthetic atmosphere.
The core function of the Factory is production, while the office building is the most important public space.
The office building can be reached from the factory through the external overhead-corridor. In addition to the lobby, six floor high indoor atrium has been designed as a public space with aerial platforms on each floor. The inner site of atrium is an external staircase decorated with red perforated aluminum panels connecting each floor.
We have considered an outdoor staircase that is connected to six floors with the same color and material as other stairs on the side of the office building along the urban branch road. The external staircase becomes the destination of the streamline. The fire staircase is no longer for evacuation requirements, but as a part of the design.
The streamline is designed to reach the office from the outside, while the office building streamline is designed to the building elevation from the inside, forming a complete streamline that is a closed-loop.
As an attempt in industrial architecture, we have been contemplating the relationship between industrial and public architecture. The design aims to endow industrial architecture with public attributes through the reconstruction of spatial streamline. we aim to bring occupants closer to the urban by responding to mass spaces and urban scales. It could reshape people's stereotype of industrial architecture through the creation of facade.
The red Overhead-corridor has become a unique label after being used for a while. According to feedback from the investor, it has become internet famous site by word of mouth. In addition to its functions, intelligent factory can bring plus value, which is a bit of motivation for architectural design.