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新旧的平衡与统一:荷兰罗宫博物馆翻新及扩建 / KAAN Architecten

新旧的平衡与统一:荷兰罗宫博物馆翻新及扩建 / KAAN Architecten
编辑:王子萱(实习) | 校对:李博超 | 2023.05.05 19:45
大门厅朝向阳台的景色  ©Simon Menges
地下扩建部分的连接空间  ©Simon Menges

设计单位  KAAN Architecten

项目地点  荷兰阿珀尔多伦

建成时间  2023年4月

建筑面积  19,800平方米(14,800平方米翻新+5,245平方米扩建)



KAAN Architecten在2016年通过公开竞争赢得委托后,承接了荷兰罗宫博物馆的翻新和扩建工程,设计从巴洛克式宫殿及其历史环境中汲取灵感。该项目内容包括:增设5000多平方米的新设施和空间,对宫殿进行细致修复和石棉清除。新改造的罗宫散发着与过去相称的宏伟气息,是荷兰最著名的、最受人们喜爱的博物馆之一。

After winning the commission through a public competition in 2016, KAAN Architecten undertook the renovation and extension of Museum Paleis Het Loo, taking cues from the layout and proportions of the baroque palace and its historic surroundings. The ambitious project involved the addition of over 5000 square metres of new facilities and spaces, a careful restoration of the palace, and a meticulous asbestos removal process. The newly transformed Paleis Het Loo now radiates the grandeur that befits one of the Netherlands' most renowned and frequented museums.


博物馆及院子  ©Simon Menges

罗宫(Paleis Het Loo)初建于1686年,是威廉三世国王和玛丽王后在阿珀尔多伦郊区的皇家狩猎宫。这片土地上有丰富的森林景观和充足的地下水压,为巴洛克式郁郁葱葱的花园创造了理想的条件,花园中点缀着多处水景,这座不朽宫殿就坐落在这里。设计团队考虑到了建筑和景观之间不可分割的联系,将整个扩建工程置于地下,新的水景被整合为建筑的一部分,延续了传统的整体构图,并且不会破坏宫殿的历史形象。

Paleis Het Loo was initially constructed in 1686 as a royal hunting palace for King William III and Queen Mary on the outskirts of Apeldoorn. The property's ample forest grounds and necessary underground water pressure created ideal conditions for a baroque composition of lush gardens punctuated with numerous water features and a monumental palace at its base. KAAN Architecten's intervention draws from this inextricable connection between architecture and the landscape. The entire extension is placed underground, and the new water feature is integrated as part of the architecture, continuing the tradition of the overall composition without disrupting the historical image.


从巴塞库尔向西翼和入口亭的方向看去  ©Simon Menges
轴测图  ©KAAN Architecten


Nestled between the palace wings lies the Bassecour, formerly a courtyard with grass parterres and a water trough for horses. Today, it has been transformed into a stunning space with a central fountain and four glass surfaces, each adorned with natural stone and a thin layer of running water, paying homage to the waterworks in the historic gardens. The Bassecour has evolved beyond just the palace forecourt, now serving as the roof of the new extension. The four-centimetre-deep ponds reflect the monumental palace while daylight permeates the water, casting a brilliant effect below.


地下扩建部分的连接空间  ©Simon Menges


Rather than creating a prominent entrance that could encroach on the open Bassecour, the entry points have been positioned at the ends of the palace wings. Traces of the past remain visible in the subtle marble inlays on the walls where the old structure was hollowed out to create the lantern-like entry pavilions. Visitors are guided down to the light-filled balcony, which hosts all necessary visitor facilities and leads into the Foyer.


扩建概念分析图  ©KAAN Architecten
入口被安置在宫殿两翼的两端  ©Simon Menges
西翼的灯笼状亭子通向“少年宫”和餐厅  ©Sebastian van Damme
参观者被引导到充满光亮的阳台  ©Simon Menges

大门厅是地下扩建工程的核心,它沿着中轴线延伸,与历史建筑建立了双重联系。在空间上,宫殿的新旧部分通过一个拱形的楼梯联系在一起。在视觉上,人们可以通过巴塞库尔池塘的玻璃屋顶向上望去,看到宫殿。在门厅的中心地带,即喷泉的正下方,地板上巨大的风玫瑰图案表明了这里是扩建部分的中心,并引导游客选择一个方向——是继续走到正屋(Corps de Logis),进入展览厅,走向东翼,还是回到入口阳台。

The Grand Foyer is the central hub of the underground extension. Stretching along the central axis, it forges a twofold connection with the historic building. Physically, the old and new sections of the palace share a common foundation through a vaulted stairway. Visually, one can behold the palace by gazing upward through the glass roof of the Bassecour ponds. In the heart of the Foyer, directly beneath the fountain, a large wind rose in the floor indicates the centre of the extension and invites visitors to choose a direction - continue to the Corps de Logis, enter the exhibition halls, head towards the east wing, or return to the entrance balcony.


大门厅是地下扩建工程的核心  ©Simon Menges
大门厅朝向阳台的景色  ©Simon Menges
大门厅上方的水顶玻璃屋顶景观  ©Sebastian van Damme
从地下空间望向宫殿  ©Simon Menges
楼梯  ©Simon Menges
地板上的风玫瑰图案  ©Simon Menges


The underground extension keeps the symmetrical logic of the baroque composition and the palace's Corps de Logis as the basic floor plan. In the original layout, the vestibule boasts a central staircase and adjoining rooms designated for an audience with the king. This principle is maintained in the extension, where the Grand Foyer, flanked by exhibition halls, connects with the stairway to the palace. To the west of the Grand Foyer, spacious square halls with almost 5-meter-high ceilings host temporary exhibitions. Above them, a museum in the historic west wing has been developed specifically for children called the Junior Palace. Meanwhile, the east wing is accessible through the magnificent staircase hall and highlights the history and present-day activities of the Dutch royal family in a permanent exhibition House of Orange.


展览厅在大门厅的两侧  ©Simon Menges
高度近5米的宽敞方形大厅  ©Simon Menges
地下扩建部分与东翼的连接  ©Simon Menges
通过宏伟的楼梯大厅可以进入东翼  ©Simon Menges
“少年宫”  ©Sebastian van Damme


As part of the intervention, the historic building was carefully restored to improve the technology and climate control systems and provide better amenities for visitors. A new staircase was added leading to the roof of the Corps de Logis and offering unprecedented views of the grounds. Additionally, the palace wings underwent significant renovations to accommodate new exhibition spaces, while the old ballroom adjacent to the west wing was transformed into a restaurant.


宫殿的两翼进行了重大翻修,以容纳新的展览空间  ©Simon Menges

东翼的展览空间  © Sebastian van Damme


Although its architectural expression is restrained and elegant, the new building befits the grandeur and imagination associated with the term palace. “It is not only what you see but also what you feel that adds to the quality of architecture. It is the texture of materials, the craftsmanship with which the details are made,” explains Prof. Dikkie Scipio, the architect and co-founder of KAAN Architecten, about drawing inspiration from the baroque palace.


大门厅中间的天花板景观  ©Sebastian van Damme
大理石纹理微妙而层次分明  ©Simon Menges



Special focus was put on the finish of the stairs, floors and walls, which blend in pattern and material. Subtle textures are layered through alternating sandblasted, honed and polished marble, playfully brought to life by the reflection of natural light through the pond. Set against the white of the veined marble is the warmth of the walnut applied on the doors, wherever one makes the transition to a new spatial experience. The wood pattern represents a single orange blossom leaf, or flowers and butterflies when multiplied, in reference to the gardens and their symmetrical graphic. This pattern can also be found on the door handles, in various pieces of furniture and the wall tapestries of the restaurant. These opulent fabrics are interwoven with metallic threads, adding a shimmer to the walls as a nod to the ornate halls of the Corps de Logis.


大理石白色纹路  ©Simon Menges
木质图案  ©Sebastian van Damme


“The aim of the design is to achieve a balance and unity between the old and new buildings, a result greater than the sum of its parts,” Scipio says. At first glance, the renovation and extension are invisible, then later revealed through a series of carefully considered features. Each of them enhances the visitor experience without detracting from the monument, positioning Paleis Het Loo to remain a vital cultural institution for years to come.


毗邻西翼的旧宴会厅被改造成了餐厅  ©Sebastian van Damme
餐厅墙上的挂毯  ©Sebastian van Damme

设计图纸 ▽

总平面图  ©KAAN Architecten
负一层平面图  ©KAAN Architecten
首层平面图  ©KAAN Architecten
一层平面图  ©KAAN Architecten
二层平面图  ©KAAN Architecten
A-A剖面图  ©KAAN Architecten
B-B剖面图  ©KAAN Architecten
C-C剖面图  ©KAAN Architecten

结构细节图  ©KAAN Architecten



Location: Koninklijk Park 16, 7315 JA Apeldoorn

Architect: KAAN Architecten (Kees Kaan, Vincent Panhuysen, Dikkie Scipio)

Project team: Valentina Bencic, Dennis Bruijn, Javier Cuartero, Sebastian van Damme, Katarzyna Ephraim, Paolo Faleschini, Christiaan Frankin, Michael Geensen, Aleksandra Gojnic, Julia Gousset, Narine Gyulkhasyan, Niels de Hart, Joost Harteveld, Walter Hoogerwerf, Martine Huijsmans, Antony Laurijsen, Nicki van Loon, Loes Martens, Marija Mateljan, Edyta Milczarek, Laura Ospina, Floris Sikkel, Christian Sluijmer, Niels Vernooij, Roel Wijmans, Samara Zukoski

Client: Stichting Paleis Het Loo Nationaal Museum, Apeldoorn

Programme: exhibition halls, offices, museum shop, restaurant, coffee bar

Competition phase: February 2016

Design phase: September 2016 – September 2017

Construction phase: March 2018 – April 2023

Completion: April 2023

GFA: 19.800 sqm (14.800 sqm renovation + 5.245 sqm extension)

Restauration advisor: Van Hoogevest Architecten, Amersfoort / KAAN Architecten, Rotterdam

Exhibition designer (House of Orange): Kossmanndejong, Amsterdam

Exhibition concept & art direction (Junior palace): GrobEnzo, Amsterdam

Interior architect (furniture): KAAN Architecten, Rotterdam

Interior architect (restaurant): Studio Linse, Amsterdam

Wall tapestries (restaurant):  TextielLab, Tilburg / KAAN Architecten, Rotterdam

Light fixtures (entry pavilions): Atelier Rick Tegelaar, Arnhem

General contractor: Volker Staal en Funderingen, Dordrecht / Koninklijke Woudenberg, Ameide / BAM Bouw en Techniek - Integrale Projecten Oost, Apeldoorn / Heijmans Utiliteit/Infra, Apeldoorn / Draisma bouw, Apeldoorn / Bouwbedrijf Van Laar, Wapenveld

Construction manager: Draaijer en partners, Utrecht

Structural engineer: WSP Nederland, Breda

MEP engineer (mechanical, electrical, plumbing): Valstar Simonis, The Hague

Sustainability advisor: DGMR, The Hague

Quality manager: KAAN Architecten, Rotterdam

Geotechnics advisor: WSP Nederland, Breda

Building physics engineer: DGMR, The Hague

Fire safety engineer: DGMR, The Hague

Acoustics advisor: DGMR, The Hague

Financial advisor: IGG bouweconomie, The Hague / Basalt bouwadvies, Houten

Landscape designer: Copijn, Utrecht

Lighting advisor: Beersnielsen lichtontwerpers, Rotterdam

Glass roof: IGS Interior Glass Solutions, Veenendaal

Waterproofing: Oranjedak, Zwijndrecht

Exterior fixtures: Zumtobel, Amsterdam

Metal works: Ensel staalkonstrukties, Dokkum

Wooden doors and windows: Harryvan, Hoogezand

Internal doors and windows: Harryvan, Hoogezand / Zuid-Nederlandse Ramenfabriek, Rucphen

Wall tiling: KOLEN Keramiek en Natuursteen, Eindhoven

Natural stone: KOLEN Keramiek en Natuursteen, Eindhoven

Parquet floor: Michels Parketvloeren, Wijchen

Interior walls: Schuurmans Afbouwsystemen, Vught

Ceilings: Schuurmans Afbouwsystemen, Vught

Climatized ceilings: MAT Groep, Zaltbommel

Painting and wall coverings: Schuurmans Afbouwsystemen, Vught

Elevators: Lakeman Liften, Katwijk aan Zee / Euroliften, Aalsmeer
Signage: Studio Staak, Amsterdam


版权声明:本文由KAAN Architecten授权发布。欢迎转发,禁止以有方编辑版本转载。


KAAN Architecten


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