Huangguoshu Scenic Area (hereinafter referred to as "the scenic spot") is located at the intersection of the west Guizhou Scenic Tourism Circle and Guiyang-Anshun-Xingyi Scenic Tourism Belt. The scenic spot can be described as world-renowned. In 1982, it was selected as the first batch of national scenic spots, and in 2019, it was included in the World Heritage Reserve List. With demand of the tourists is increasing, the facilities and venues in the scenic area have been unable to carry the average flow of tens of millions of people each year. Therefore, it is imperative to upgrade the infrastructure of the scenic spot.
As a key project for improving the infrastructure of the scenic area, this project focuses on comprehensively renovating and upgrading the entrance areas of the two core scenic areas of Huangguoshu - the Great Waterfall and Tianxing Bridge. The project planned to optimize the functions of the tourist center and tourism organization mode, so that it could meet the needs of Huangguoshu tourists in the new era.
The Great Falls is the core area of the scenic area and A well-known must-go spot. With the increase in traffic in recent years, the facilities in the scenic area have been far from meeting the demand. The basic demands of the first party, who has been troubled for years, have clarified the main contradiction points: Enhance entrance distribution and service functions; Optimize the organization of entrance transportation routes; Create the initial landscape intention for sightseeing.
Before the upgrade, the area of the entrance square was too small, and vehicles were mixed. The one-way shuttle bus drop-off and pick-up area was completely opposite to the entrance. The tourist distribution area was also squeezed by the shuttle bus parking lot. As a result, shuttle buses, taxis, and social vehicles mess up together. In the peak tourist season, the flow of tourists per day is less than 50000, so the staff have no choice but to pull a wall staff to maintain order.
In addition, the total area of the original bathroom is only 50 square meters. The restaurant street operated by villagers on the south side of the site has greasy and messy chimneys, as well as potential safety hazards caused by soliciting customers. All of those problems are exacerbating the already chaotic traffic situation.
To solve the above problems, the scenic area planning prohibited the social vehicles and travel agency buses from entering the core scenic area by the way of building new roads and setting up toll gates, and guaranteed the smooth running of the core scenic area buses.
After many rounds of discussion, the design team decided to adopt an environment-oriented, opportunistic diversion approach to solve the traffic problems among different flow lines, and to drive the functional distribution with flow lines. As the location of the park entrance and exit is opposite to the vehicular flow line and cannot be changed, in order to solve the problem of crossing the incoming and outgoing pedestrian flow lines, by analyzing the original topography, taking advantage of the situation that the park entrance is about five meters higher than the entrance, the height difference forms two three-dimensional tourist flow lines. The vehicles for inbound passengers arrive at the bottom pick-up area and then wait in line in the parking area for the returning tourists on the high place, so that the pedestrians and vehicles are completely separated and no longer conflict.
The tourist center incorporates a form of earth architecture, integrating its functional core into the green slope. The Visitor Center, the management house, and the refugee canteen are arranged respectively along each side and the end of the flow line, not only paying attention to the original landform, but also minimizing the amount of earthwork engineering.
A differential in foot traffic allows different functions such as reception, ticketing, inquiry and catering to be differentiated. Passengers entering the tourist center are divided into layers, and multiple toilets are provided on each floor to solve the long-waiting problem. Catering services have been adjusted to the return exit area and hidden in the underground landscape of the shop building. On the one hand, the entrance width is limited to reduce the impact of attracting customers, and on the other hand, avoids crossing with the passenger flow line.
The tourist center is the first impression of the tourist tour sequence. Planning the overall concept in accordance with the mountain and water of Baishuihe River, it condenses the regional natural forms such as waterfall, mountain foot and flowing water with organic flowing lines, and integrates into nature by taking the mountain and water into account. The architectural design extracts the local folk building method, and integrates the local mountain and water, brick and tile atmosphere in terms of modeling and material.
The entrance and exit flow lines are covered by two nearly 400 meter long slate tile sloping roofs, which meander and flow in the shape of a flowing Baishui River. They dissolve the building volume and integrate with the surrounding natural environment. The management and catering street houses are covered with green plants at different elevations, hidden in the mountains.
The Tianxing Bridge is also one of the core scenic spots of Huangguoshu, which is famous for its colorful and magical beauty and is also the shooting location of Journey to the West. With the development of the scenic spot, the problems of the inadequate functions in the entrance area, the traffic congestion and the messy style are increasingly prominent. The scenic area managers hope to upgrade the whole transformation of the Tianxing Bridge entrance area, strengthen the protection of the entrance and surrounding scenery resources, optimize the traffic organization of the tour hub, improve the service level of the tourist center and enhance the viewing experience of the entrance landscape, so as to make its functions serve the tour and melt the site into the scenery.
Through the cleaning of the site and the alleviation of the traditional catering functions that have a great impact on the ecological environment, space is freed up for upgrading entrance guiding, inquiry, popular science display, rest tea break and other diversified service functions.
In terms of traffic organization, the four-meter height difference between the exit and the entrance is used to form a three-dimensional traffic system, and the shuttle bus single ring line will no longer intersect with the upper and lower passenger areas. The inflow of people into the scenic spot enters the first floor hall, and the outflow of people leaves through the roof, thus solving the contradiction of cross collision of people and vehicle flow in three-dimensional traffic form. Combined with the outward flow line, the viewing platform is set up, and the catering is set up on the extending platform to increase the possibility of staying. The whole flow line still covers the winding slope roof, ensuring the function of wind and rain protection in the entrance and exit ticketing and waiting area, while responding to the trend of mountains, forests, rivers and water.
The architectural design features a complete roof system design, with the overall roof shape resembling a mountain and stream in harmony with the landscape design. Parts of the roof are elegantly curled up. The landscape design draws inspiration from the unique natural scenery of the Tianxingqiao Scenic Area and the poetic style of: "Graceful fragrance wafts, lush greenery lights up the vista. A stone stands for two ears, hundreds of vines crawling across." In this design, green islands serve as the "forest", paved land as the "water", and building as the "stone", thus creating an overall landscape of mountain and stream blended together in harmony and stone forest coexisting. During the design and construction processes, all existing trees on the site have been preserved, and incorporated in the new landscape and building design. This breaks the relationship of fragmentation and opposition between architecture and landscape and integrates their spaces, functions, and scenes. By combining the characteristics of landscape and architecture, it creates three viewing themes: "Listening to the Spring", "Gazing at the Abyss" and "Returning to the Forest", allowing visitors to experience different perspectives.
Most of the building volumes in the Great Falls and Tianxing Bridge scenic areas are hidden in the site through soil covering. The roof covering for the main flow lines is made of slate tiles, which are derived from the slate roof of the local folk house "Stone House". The building facade is also made of bluestone blocks used by folk houses, generally continuing the regional cultural characteristics, woven together with a hint of homesickness in the meandering process.
Hangguoshu Waterfall is one of the most representative scenic spots in the country, and the series of problems it faces are a microcosm of the optimization and transformation of the development of China's scenic spots in the new stage of development.
The project team started the task in 2018 and, after three years of integration of planning, architecture, landscape and other disciplines, accompanied by the regional planning to design and construction of the scenic area, improved the functional layout, combed the traffic flow, and optimized the landscape experience, solving a series of problems that have plagued the scenic spot for a long time, such as functional shortcomings, traffic chaos and security risks. After the two tourist centers were put into use in 2020, they were widely praised by tourists and scenic area managers. It takes the entrance space as the linking point to stitch together the sky and the land, and embeds the building into the natural world, becoming a wonderful beginning of the tour sequence of Hangguoshu.
上一篇：乐山市东林村镇文化中心，在60米屋檐下穿街走巷 / 时地建筑工作室
下一篇：阿那亚三亚南花园：隐入山林 / 致舍景观