设计单位 SWA/Balsley + WEISS/MANFREDI + ARUP
The project is divided into two phases. The phase 1, opening at late summer of 2013, is one of a larger master plan that encompasses the transformation of 29 acres of post-industrial waterfront on the East River in Long Island City and includes the largest affordable housing building project in New York City since the 1970’s.
Surrounded by water on three sides, Hunters Point South is a new model of urban ecology and a laboratory for innovative sustainable design. The park and open space is a design collaboration between Thomas Balsley Associates and WEISS/MANFREDI with ARUP as the prime consultant and infrastructure designer.
The site is waterfront and city, gateway and sanctuary, blank slate and pentimento. Design leverages the site’s industrial heritage and spectacular views to establish a resilient, multi- layered recreational and cultural destination. Adjacent to a future school and an emerging residential development of 5,000 permanently affordable units, the park will provide a public front door and new open spaces for recreation that connect to the surrounding communities.
The integrated design weaves together infrastructure, landscape, and architecture to transform a post-industrial waterfront site into new ecological corridors that anticipate the inevitable patterns of flooding and rising water levels along the East River, transforming Hunters Point South into both a new cultural and ecological paradigm.
The park is also a new model for waterfront resilience, with a “soft” approach to protecting the water’s edge from floodwaters. A continuous meandering causeway, elevated slightly above the river, offers a walk along the river’s edge and protects nearly 1.5 acres of newly established wetlands.
The design also leverages the site’s dramatic topography with a shaded grassy promontory, a new island reached by a pedestrian bridge, a kayak launch, exercise and picnic terraces, a collection of intimate “break-out” lounges off the pathways, and a dramatic cantilevered overlook that hovers above the wetland and offers panoramic views of the Manhattan skyline.
A Sustainable Waterfront: The essence of the park is a technological and ecological system implemented to minimize non-renewable power consumption, protect and conserve water, optimize maintenance and operational practices, and create a healthy and productive environment for the community and the city.
Upland Context: Embedded in the new urban plan is a carefully conceived sustainable approach to the smart streets, bioswales and bikeways of the new community at Hunters Point South. Placed along the park’s edge, a bioswale filters stormwater from the Center Blvd. and the upland smart streets. Each upland street enjoys the park and skyline views and terminates on park vestibule entrances that have been outfitted with banquette seating.
Green Oval: A new multi-use green oval defines the most generously open part of the site and offers views directly across the river to Manhattan. This green anchors the park’s north precinct and is framed by a continuous path and pleated steel shade canopy on the south side which follows the curve of the oval and offers shelter for a water ferry stop and concession building.
Pathways: The path that surrounds the central green unfurls into a promenade leading to an overlook at the southern terminus of the site. This overlook, a 30-foot high cantilevered platform with views of the Manhattan skyline and the East River, is at once urbane and otherworldly, bringing the city to a precipice suspended over a new wetland water’s edge. From the central promenade path, existing concrete bulk-heads are strategically replaced by new wetlands and pathways that link the major precincts and programs of the park. This path system extends to the water’s edge and forms part of the “soft” edge infrastructure, while also providing a new landmark and destination that draws the community to the waterfront.
Pavilion: The Pavilion is conceived as a continuous structure which connects the city with the water’s edge. It is strategically located to support the park’s active and passive recreational uses and provides a legible point of arrival and orientation. The Pavilion is divided into two buildings under one continuous canopy. It includes a maintenance and operations facility for the Department of Parks and Recreations, comfort stations, a concession building, and a raised café plaza.
The folded plate shade structure recalls the maritime history of Hunters Point and is optimized to capture storm water and solar power. 64 Photovoltaic panels located on the south face of the steel pleats generate 37,000 kWh per year, powering over 50% of the entire park. The design can accommodate additional panels to power 100% of the park in the future. The folded plates also collect storm water which nourishes nearby bioswales. A richly textured brushed metal surface drapes across the outer edge of the sweep along the Green sweep, and reflects the activity at the Green and the general landscape.
Urban Beach: Framed by the pavilion and park path, an urban beach hosts sunning, picnicking and beach volleyball along the edge of the promenade. Here, visitors will sink their toes in the sand and take in a unique beach sunset setting over the Manhattan skyline.
Interpretive Rail Garden: Framed by the urban dog run and play area at the 51st Avenue vestibule, native grasses envelop freight rails to compose an interpretive rail garden narrative. A cross path weaves through to a small central plaza animated with water jets and the interaction they attract.
Urban Dog Run: As a relatively new component of the 21st century urban park, the dog run has proven its long term social sustainability worth. With its distinctive water rill, stacked timber seats that recall an earlier lumberyard and animated shelter which has taken its cues from the pavilion, this dog scape has elevated the fun of dog ownership.
Play Area: Resting on a tree shaded shelf above the promenade and surrounded by native grasses, the play area promises to be the center of family activity for the park. Here at the edge of the East River an ensemble of play venues for all ages ranges from basketball and adult fitness to a children’s play with lawn mound and water play channel.
Park Entry Foyers: The park connects to the community at each cross street with entry foyers marked with distinct plantings and wood benches, and in strategic locations, extends down to the water with a wood boardwalk seating area.
Wetlands: The park reestablishes an acre of wetlands, a nod to the site’s pre-industrial history and a contribution to the site’s resilience. With both low and high marshes planted, the new wetlands enable shoreline bank erosion control and sediment stabilization. With an expanded plant palette, the wetlands also enhance water quality and promote wildlife and fish habitation.
Overlook: The path that connects each park destination unfurls into an elevated promenade that extends across the wetlands to offer panoramic vistas of the Manhattan skyline and the East River. Hovering 22 feet in the air and cantilevering 50 feet beyond the edge of land, the wood boardwalk and seating above are supported by a steel structure that offers welcome shade at the stepped terraces and bridge that lead to the wetland walk at the water’s edge.
Promontory Green: The design enhances this topographic opportunity with a shade lawn grove with river views. Custom banquette seating and family “rafts” create a social space. Native bluestem grasses cover the sloping banks that frame pathways through the grassland.
Peninsula: The design reconfigures the site’s peninsula to feel like an island. Visitors arrive on the “island” via a pedestrian bridge and wend along a continuous path that wraps its entire shoreline. New York-based artist Nobuho Nagasawa created Luminescence, a site-specific installation for the site, which presents the phases of the moon through 6-foot concrete discs that glow at night. Made from concrete and phosphorescent aggregate, the sculptures are etched to reflect the moon’s craters, mountains, and valleys.
Linear Park: The urban community park features playgrounds and landscapes and is located parallel to the future residential development parcel. The linear park also includes picnic areas and gathering spaces to enjoy the surrounding area.
Exercise and Picnic Terraces: Three terraced spaces connect the shoreline with the street, framed by precast concrete walls, with bench seating and tree shading. The upper level includes adult fitness equipment, with picnic tables and gathering spaces at the mid and lower levels with views down the river.
Kayak Launch: The Kayak Launch provides access for all types of non-motorized boating on Newtown Creek. Kayak rental and instructions will be managed by a community group. The kayak launch also includes benches and seating for onlookers.
Completion: Phase I: August 2013
Phase II: June 2018
Location: 52-10 Center Blvd.
Long Island City, New York 11101
Client: New York City Economic Development Corporation Office of the Deputy Mayor for Economic Development
Prime Consultant and Infrastructure Designer: ARUP
Park Designers: SWA/BALSLEY and WEISS/MANFREDI
SWA/BALSLEY: Thomas Balsley, FASLA (Lead Designer);
Brian Staresnick (Project Manager);
John Donnelly, Christian Gabriel, Michael Koontz, and Dale Schafer
Team: Marion Weiss, FAIA and Michael A. Manfredi, FAIA (Lead Designers)
Lee Lim (Project Manager)
Michael Blasberg, Johhny Lin, Gin Hui Huang
ARUP Team: Tom Kennedy, Tim Kaiser, Nancy Choi, Louise Ellis, Chu Ho, Shaina Saporta, Roberto Palomares
Team: SWA/BALSLEY, Co-Park Designer WEISS/MANFREDI, Co-Park Designer
ARUP, Prime Consultant and Infrastructure Designer SiteWorks, Landscape Construction Administration
Great Ecology, Ecological Systems and Restoration Ecologist CH2M Hill, Marine Engineering
Nobuho Nagasawa, Public Art
Suzanne Randolph Fine Arts, Artist Consultant
A.G. Consulting Engineering, P.C., MEPFP Engineering Yu & Associates, Environmental Engineer
VJ Associates, Cost Estimator
B-A Engineering, P.C., Traffic Engineer Naik Consulting Group, Survey and Utilities Nice Kern, LLC, Graphic Designer
AKRF, Historical Researcher
The Liro Group, Construction Manager