设计单位 COMPASS ARCHITEKTI
The aim of the design was to create facilities for treetop walk and recreation area Bachledka Ski & Sun. Minimising of the impact of the new volume at the top of Malá Poľana and blending with surroundings was achieved by embedding into the hillside, sloping the green roofs, tracing the contour lines with façade and choosing materials such as local wood and concrete.
基地位于Mala Poľana的顶部，地处Spišská Magura的山脊上。这里常有着各种各样的活动，如滑雪、远足、骑行等，此外还有一条观光路径——树顶步道。在某些时候，每天观光此地的游客多达6000人。项目希望为游客们提供一个开展这些活动的设施。
The site is located at the top of Mala Poľana on the ridge of Spišská Magura. The area provides a variety of activities such as skiing, hiking, biking and a sightseeing route - The Treetop Walk. Up to 6,000 visitors a day come here on certain days. The aim of the proposal was to provide facilities for these activities.
Access to the site is provided by the tourist route or by three cableways from adjacent villages. We tried to minimize the mass at the top of the hill, leaving only the necessary cableway control and the treetop walk exit object.
The rest of the building is embedded into the hillside and the only visible facades are those glazed, providing light and a view of the mountains. This was made possible by the ideal shape of the terrain - the slope is oriented to the south towards the Belianske Tatry. We achieved blending with the surrounding terrain with a green and sloped roof at the level of the hill plateau.
A big challenge was to get barrier-free access from the upper plateau to the lower level of the restaurant terrace and further to the treetop walk entrance. We achieved this by using an exterior staircase through which a ramp traverses. Such a solution saved a lot of space on the most important southern facade.
The repeated detail of the "rampstairs" also minimizes the number of prefabricated concrete parts. Due to the shortening of the length of the "rampstairs", the entire roof-plateau is sloped towards it. The broken and sloping ceiling in the interior is therefore derived from the need to merge with the terrain and from getting fluent pedestrian paths.
Central position on the south facade of the “rampstairs” allowed direct walking route and it divided the main facade into two parts- the restaurant and the apartments.
The lowered space under the "staircase" was used as indoor play area. An universal space for play resembling forest was created with the help of birch trunks and nets. The great depth of the underground space required the use of skylights. We also combined them with a bench to protect the glass from skiers.
The basic surface materials are concrete and wood. The local spruce boards were used for the formwork of the ceiling, which made it possible to lay out complex shapes and at the same time it matches the spruce cladding on the walls. Part of the formwork boards was reused as the toilet partition walls.
The restaurant consists of the seating area, central bar and self-service space able to cover the demand of about 180 indoor + 350 outdoor seats.
Three almost identical apartments are oriented more to the west. Each contains a living room with a kitchenette, a toilet, a bathroom and two double bedrooms connected by a walk-in closet. Above the closet, there is additional mezzanine bed accessible with the ladder. Natural lighting of the rooms further from facade is achieved by transom windows.
The apartments are accessed through a multipurpose room, which can be used for breakfast, games or TV. If needed, it can be quickly transformed into an environmental classroom or conference room.
Studio: COMPASS ARCHITEKTI
Author: Juraj Benetin, architect; Matej Grébert, architect; Roman Janata, architect
Co-author: Miroslava Gašparová, interior designer of apartments
Project location: Malá Poľana, ridge of the Spišská Magura, Bachledova dolina
Project year: 2018
Completion year: 2019
Built-up Area: 2020m2
Gross Floor Area: 2275m2
Usable Floor Area: 2075m2
Client: BACHLEDKA Ski&Sun
Collaborator: Restaurant interior construction project: Inar; Statics: Polivka, Hörmann & Partners
上一篇：2020 Obel Award授予孟加拉“Anandaloy”：用简单的资源建造一个现代建筑