The "mobile" living hall project, located in Changshu of Jiangsu, refers to a life hall analogous to the Mongolian yurts that hordes live in, which can be disassembled, moved and re-constructed. This design roots in how the proportion between standardized dimensions and aesthetics is balanced and how the harmony between fabricated components and styles is achieved.
标准 | 模数化单元与标准化构造
To fulfill the requirements concerning the indoor minimum space and the module of the curtain wall unit, the ratio of dimensions (length, width and height) and floor distribution have been analyzed repeatedly before determining the use of a 5m*5m fundamental structural unit in the plan of the living hall, in which structural beam columns are standardized and demountable for convenient construction.
The facade adopts a cellular glass curtain wall that is single-layered and removable, in a module of 2.5m closest to the size of the ex-factory raw sheet. The 5m-wide 1st floor, featuring a unit comprising of ultra-clear glass, blends its interior public space with the external landscape; the 2nd floor consists of a 2.5m wide unit of a color-glazed glass strip, on which gradient color-glazed patters not only serve as a shelter for the components of the cellular curtain wall structure, but also satisfy the needs of indirect lighting and sunshade for the office space on the 2nd floor and the sample room.
In addition, the ground, floor and roof are all constructed in a standardized manner. Both the ground and floor units are laid with steel grating panels. The floor area of the 2nd floor can vary to match with the requirements of the sample room; the non-accessible roof, made of highly recyclable cellular glass, effectively reduces construction loads and allows for both the suspended ceiling and the free opening of skylights in the room.
平衡 | 标准尺寸与美学比例
The modules of horizontal and vertical planes are selected based on not only aesthetic considerations, but also the convenience and cost efficiency for manufacturing, shipping and constructing the curtain wall, so as to minimize waste and achieve convenient transport and easy construction.
The exterior enclosure, composed of a cellular curtain wall made of high-efficiency LOW-E insulated glass, and the extensive use of glass exposed walls, give the entire building a bright and clear look that merges the interior and the exterior. For the purpose of natural ventilation and smoke extraction, a motor-driven suspended sash window mounted on the roof is hidden inside the parapet, creating a clean and complete facade.
展望 | 临建型生活馆的新篇章
The purely component-based construction of living halls (a fully bolted steel structure + detachable cellular curtain walls + a glass roof with cellular sheets + a floor based on steel grating plates + light-steel structural partition walls) makes it possible for fully industrialized and fabricated construction and manufacturing. Apart from the foundation, all structures, curtain walls, floors, roof, partition walls, and electromechanical facilities are industrialized products that support fully-fabricated construction and dry construction, so that construction progress can be greatly accelerated through efficient organization.
Meanwhile, componentization allows for reusing materials and equipment. The ideal reusable rate of the curtain wall of a living hall is up to 90%, with up to a 85% reusable rate for indoor decoration and up to a 70% overall comprehensive reusable rate. The implementation of this case has opened a new chapter for the construction of temporary living halls and exhibition halls.