In the quiet of night, the archer secures a firm foothold, breathes steadily and raises his bow. Pulling his hands apart, he stretches the string to its full extent and draws into a graceful crescent shape. He remains in this pose at the point of highest tension. Standing still, he seems to efface his own movement. However, concentration is greater than firing the shot. Behind his exteal motionlessness flows an immense inner strength.
Force is shapeless but exists everywhere, and it shapes the image of the world. How to treat Force? - fight against it? comply with it or take advantage of it? - It is not only the attitude towards technology, but also about culture. "Force" is the theme of this project. When I need to design at a symbolic site near the heart of China, I hope to transcend the Chinese symbol and reveal a more inteal sense of the East.
A temporary installation; no digging of the lawn; 7-week construction period... these initial conditions lead the direction of the design. Visitors will see a minimalist mechanical installation, which is composed by a series of layered spring steels with a decreasing number from the bottom to top that are merely connected by bolts. Their tips are dragged down by strong steel cables and simultaneously balanced by the beams on the bottom. It is like a piece of bow, taking advantaging of elasticity and tension from material to form a unsupported self-stabilizing structure. The repetition of bow components forms the arcade.
Because of the specific location of Wangfujing, I used "Jin Zhuan" - a special floor tiles especially used for the Forbidden City in ancient China and fired in the southe region of Yangtze River - for the ground. This succinct and unique material hints the location and tradition. The gray - black structural longitudinal curves also correspond to the traditional shape of roof. Since each bow can be adjusted according to the tension, the contour of the eave can be adapted to the site, resulting in the change from the vertical arch to the horizontal, or the anti-warping. On this occasion, the Pavilion is close to the Forbidden City, so it used anti-warped to echo the coice of Chinese traditional roof.
The theory of the "Bow-arch" structure is from the bow, which is also an extension of my work "With the Wind" at the 2015 Venice Biennale. "With the Wind" is an unstable installation that is composed by fishing rod and hanging sword. I want to express a "dangerous balance of one change that makes all changes", to echo the theme of 2015 Venice Biennale, which is "the Future of the World."
The "Bow-arch" illustrates an inteal tension, an elastic and static posture of all sides -- full of energy but in a graceful crescent shape. Arches, curves, repetition of a single component... the two works may be similar at first glance, but the status of force is widely different. The former is an unstable gravitational bend; the latter is a figurative and stable tension.
If "With the Wind" is a temporary art installation, "Bow-arch" has developed into a new and stable hierarchy of elastic structure for practical construction system. Creating a new structure -- this is the subject that I constantly consider as an architect. The goal of Serpentine Galleries is also to "explore the boundaries of contemporary architecture practice".
Since it was founded in 1970 in London, the Serpentine, as a non-profit gallery, has established an inteational reputation for excellence, presenting pioneering exhibitions of mode and contemporary art and, since 2000, architecture and design. The Serpentine Gallery is at the heart of contemporary culture in London and is one of the country’s most popular public galleries. Its remit is to present an inteational programme of outstanding exhibitions of contemporary art and design, innovative education projects and public programmes, as well as to introduce a diverse inteational audience to the work of ground-breaking architects through its annual architecture commission.
Serpentine Galleries'' Pavilion
自2000年起，蛇形美术馆每年都会委托不同的国际知名或新兴建筑师在英国创建他们的第一个建筑结构，为建筑师们提供了进行建筑实验的国际舞台，并完成了一些世界上最重要的建筑项目。迄今为止受委托设计蛇形美术馆展亭的建筑师或者事务所包括但不限于Kéré Architecture，2017；Bjarke Ingels Group（BIG）以及Asif Khan、Barkow Leibinger、Yona Friedman和Kunlé Adeyemi设计的4座夏日凉亭（Summer Houses），2016；SelgasCano，2015；Smiljan Radić，2014。蛇形展亭系列在全球开创了先例，推动并呈现了当代建筑实践极限。
Since 2000, the Serpentine has commissioned inteationally renowned and emerging architects to create their first built structure in England. The Pavilion commission has become an inteational opportunity for architectural experimentation and has presented projects by some of the world''s greatest architects. The architects selected to date includes but not limited to Kéré Architecture, 2017; Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), 2016 alongside four commissioned Summer Houses designed by Asif Khan, Barkow Leibinger, Yona Friedman, and Kunlé Adeyemi; selgascano, 2015; Smiljan Radić, 2014 and so on. The Serpentine Pavilion series was the first scheme of its kind worldwide at this level of ambition and presents commissions that push the boundaries of contemporary architectural practice.
The inteational collaboration between Serpentine Galleries (London) and WF Central marks the first pavilion built outside the UK in 18 years.
Serpentine Pavilion Beijing
Architectural Design: Jiakun Architects
Structure Scheme: Jiakun Architects
Artist: Liu Jiakun
Team: Liu Su, Yang Ying, Wen Feng, Zhu Weikun, Li Zhenya, and Wang Chongjin
Structure Consultant: Arup
Partners: Serpentine Galleries (London); HongKong Land (Beijing)
Location: Wangfujing, WF Central, Dongcheng District, Beijing China
展览时间：2018年5月29日 - 10月31日
Duration: May 29th - October 31st 2018
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