Industrial development is the driving force for urban growth. In this information age, high-tech industries have become a new growth point. Such industries, characterized by agglomeration of talents and intensive intellectual labor, have a creative work mode, leading to their new demands on physical space. A suitable workplace will, in turn, help cultivate people's forward-looking thinking, as the two are interactively related.
The new office park completed by gad is just in line with this trend. From its site selection to extended functions, all revolve around the ecological concept. Its internal space is organized in a flexible and complex manner, which breaks the neat and uniform closed scenes in traditional office buildings and forms a public space with more functions in the city.
China (Zhoushan) Marine Science City in Zhejiang Province, where the project base is located, gathers numerous resources for marine scientific and technological innovation. It has a planned green corridor on the west and Coastal Park on the south, as well as a landscape resource of facing the sea. In order to implement industrial layout and space planning of the upper level, and make full use of good surrounding landscapes, the design team proposes the concept of "enterprise community", namely forming an open communication space of courtyards in the garden through the grouped layout. The standard office units follow the principles of flexibility and efficiency, so as to meet the office needs of various emerging small and medium-sized enterprises in the incubation park.
The project proposes an innovative layout of decentralized detached buildings, which is different from the traditional layout of connected towers and podiums. 13 relatively independent standard units are divided into groups of 3 to 4, with each group being around a central courtyard, and these different courtyards are connected by corridors of various dimensions, forming a complete communication space on the ground floor to create a community atmosphere. Vehicles will be parked on the periphery of the park, and the interior is for walking and enjoying the scenery. Building blocks here are combined in various ways and a skyline of low in the south and high in the north, low in the west and high in the east is formed because of the change of roof profiles. This skyline falls step by step towards the nearby sea.
Column grids in each group are regular while the layout is flexible. The basic unit floor is 20m x 20m and the basic unit column network is 8.4m x 8.4m. The service space is concentrated in one side, allowing the remaining space to be a complete office space with three sides open. Such office space can be divided and used according to the scale of the settled enterprises, enhancing the operation flexibility of the park.
The facade is composed of white perforated metal panels and LOW-E glass curtain walls. Opening windows are hidden behind white perforated metal panels, forming a contrast between the virtual and the real, opening and closing. Perforated metal panels can avoid the sight interference caused by the short distance between buildings, and effectively reduce building energy consumption as they have a permeability of 45% and can block direct sunlight when extensively used on the east and west sides.
Because of the development of the Internet industry in the west of Hangzhou, the construction of this park mainly focuses on the specificity of the site and its specific use status in the future. The park plot is adjacent to the water on the back and surrounded by low-density residential areas, which lead to the design logic that buildings cannot be designed into a huge centralized intruder. At the same time, space here should be diversified and fun because most users are young IT workers who will spend nearly two-thirds of their time here.
The design uses the traditional space type of "half house and half garden" for reference: five groups of relatively independent rectangular volume units are combined horizontally and vertically to form a semi-open enclosure. Given the regular ground and high plot ratio requirements, this design not only is economical and rational, but also creates different atmospheres in different office courtyards through overlap and intersection. Below rectangular volumes are flat square volumes, which bring changes in commonalities and allow such space to be flexibly adjusted if there is any function change in the future.’
In order to provide users with an office experience that is different from the traditional model, different functional areas are integrated, improving the convenience of movements in different areas. The differentiated floor height of the L-shaped enclosure volume forms several hanging gardens where users can stay and rest, and introduces distant views into the site.
The gray space below the building volume connects the relatively independent courtyards, and users can walk among them. On the riverfront in the northwest of the site, the lifted restaurant forms a sunken courtyard, which will be a space gathering point in the site.
The appearance of the park is transparent and open, implying the orderliness during design and creation. The facade is made of glass, stone and aluminum materials of similar colors, shaping the individuality of each group of buildings through shadow and texture of such materials.
The introduction of natural elements such as daylight, cloud shadows, and green trees helps the transition of indoor and outdoor spaces, adding an atmosphere beyond the office atmosphere.