设计单位 Napur Architect
位于布达佩斯城市公园（Városliget）的民族博物馆新馆现已启用。这一获誉颇多的新博物馆建筑，是欧洲最大的城市文化发展项目“Liget Budapest Project”的组成之一，由匈牙利建筑工作室Napur Architect主持设计。建筑上线条简洁而不失动感，与公园环境相得益彰，也与周边地区形成了对话。
The new building of the Museum of Ethnography in the Budapest City Park (Városliget) was opened (23/05/2022). The multiple award-winnig new museum building – which is part of Europe’s largest urban-cultural development called Liget Budapest Project - designed by FERENCZ, Marcel; Napur Architect - has dynamic yet simple lines simultaneously harmonised with the park environment and communicating with the surrounding urban area.
城市公园（Városliget）对于博物馆而言并不是一个陌生的场所，在1896年的国家千年博览会上（National Millennium Exhibition），就有藏品在此展出。自1872年成立以来，博物馆的藏品曾一直分属于不同的设施，迄今已有25万件，涵盖了从喀尔巴阡盆地至世界的每个角落。
The City Park (Városliget) is not an entirely unknown venue for the Museum of Ethnography, since it was here in 1896, at the National Millennium Exhibition. The collection, which now comprises 250 thousand items from the Carpathian Basin and from every corner of the world, has been hosted by various facilities since its establishment in 1872, but never in its history did it operate in a building designed specifically to cater to its needs.
The current location, which once was home to the Hungarian Curia, is far from being suitable to meet the requirements of a museum, and is severely limited in terms of space and opportunities. As a result of the international design competition, successful construction, and completion in May 2022 the Museum of Ethnography was finally given a new home in a truly modern building of an all-round world-class standard that will satisfy professional requirements, while catering to the needs of the collection and visitors alike.
According to the decision of an international jury, the competition was won by the Hungarian architectural studio, Napur Architect (beating leading world-class architect studios such as Zaha Hadid, BIG, etc.), whose building is distinguished by a dynamic yet simple design harmonised with the natural environment of the park while communicating with the urban texture of its surroundings.
The gently curving lines enable the building to function as a gateway and a passage linking the city and the park. Sixty percent of the structure is under ground level, and thanks to the landscaped roof and the transparency of the sections over the ground, the new museum is adapted to its environment in its scale too. The grass-covered roof area will be a pleasant community space awaiting visitors to Városliget.
The spectacular trademark of the building is the glass curtainwall surrounding the landscaped roof garden, reminiscent of two intertwined hillsides, with a unique characteristic, consisting of nearly half a million pixels, a raster made by metal grid based on ethnographic motifs selected from the museum's Hungarian and international collections.
The pixels were inserted into a laser-cut aluminum grid by a special robot, more than 2,000 of which are attached to the building. The small cubes were made up of 20 Hungarian and 20 international contemporary reinterpretations of ethnographic motifs.
The new functions and flexible spaces of the modern and state-of-the-art museum building will facilitate the understanding of the historical heritage embodied by the collection as well as the various aspects of contemporary society. Besides passing down this historical heritage, the realisation of more recent professional and research themes and perspectives continues to be among the priority objectives of the museum, as confirmed by its mission. The creatively built spaces will open up new opportunities to communicate with visitors, enabling the presentation of the everyday objects, phenomena and ideas of the past and the present side by side.
The purpose-built museum was designed with maximum consideration for the required functions, and thus facilitates the large-scale, modern, user-friendly operation of the institution to a significant degree, along with the visually enticing and diverse display of mankind’s material and spiritual heritage, as well as the collection comprising Hungarian and international material.
Project name: New Museum of Ethnography
Project Location: Budapest, Hungary_Városliget
Client: Városliget Zrt.
Benedek Gyorgyevics, the CEO of Városliget Zrt
Lajos Kemecsi, the director of the Museum of Ethnography
László Baán, the project’s ministerial commissioner.
Architecture firm: Napur Architect LtD.
Principal architect: Marcel FERENCZ
Design team: György Détári, Filó Gergely, Holyba Pál, Nyul Dávid, Grócz Csaba, Mészáros Mónika
Photography: Palkó György
Interior design: Czakó Építész Ltd.
Support structure: Exon 2000 Ltd. Szántó László
Building engineering: HVarC Ltd. Lucz Attila
Landscaping: Garten Studio Ltd.
Built area: 33,000 m²
Site area: 100,000 m²
Design year: 2016-2018
Completion year: 2022
General contractor: ZÁÉV Építőipari Zrt. and Magyar Építő Zrt.