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方案|新塔什干:乌兹别克斯坦首都新城市规划 / Cross Works

方案|新塔什干:乌兹别克斯坦首都新城市规划 / Cross Works
编辑:陈崚川(实习) | 校对:李博超 | 2024.07.01 11:49
行政街区效果图  ©Cross Works

设计单位  Cross Works

项目地点  乌兹别克斯坦,塔什干

方案状态  国际竞赛获胜,实施方案

用地面积  约250,000,000 平方米


 

本文文字由设计单位提供。

 

“新塔什干”项目计划将塔什干现有城市向东扩张25,000公顷,扩张的新城坐落于奇尔奇克河(Chirchiq River)和卡拉苏河(Karasu River)之间,项目的基本目标是在未来几十年容纳约250万人口。乌兹别克斯坦政府在本月正式批准了“新塔什干”(乌兹别克语称"Yangi Toshkent")一区的详细规划——该规划方案的雏形诞生于 2023 年初的“新塔什干”总体规划国际竞赛。

The project involves a 25,000 hectare expansion of the existing city of Tashkent eastwards, on a site between the Chirchiq and Karasu Rivers, with the objective of housing an estimated 2.5 million people over the coming decades. District 1 of the ‘New Tashkent’ Masterplan (or ‘Yangi Toshkent’, which is the project’s name in Uzbekistan) has this month received approval from the government for the Detailed Masterplan proposals that have been produced over the last 12 months, following an international competition in early 2023.

 

总体规划方案鸟瞰效果图  ©Cross Works

在去年的规划竞赛中,Cross Works获得了担任项目首席规划设计师的资格。该公司在“新塔什干”项目中的职责包括主导规划和建筑设计,创建数字孪生系统,并监管一个跨多领域的顾问团队:包括景观设计师、工程师、经济学家、房地产顾问等。

London based design & technology firm - Cross Works - won the competition last year against prominent international companies, and has been serving as the lead consultant on the mega-project since then. The firm has been spearheading the architectural & masterplanning efforts & the digital twin creation, whilst also overseeing a cross-disciplinary team of sub-consultants including landscape designers, engineers, economists, real estate advisors & many more.

 

局部鸟瞰效果图  ©Cross Works

 

“新塔什干”一区详细规划

 

这座新的“孪生城市”规划占地25,000公顷,可容纳约250万人口。其中新城一区位于项目一期工程的片区,一期开发面积约6,000公顷。这个超大型规划项目现已开展地基工程,并迅速推进设计方案,即将进入施工图阶段。

The new ‘twin city’ is designed to house approximately 2.5 million people on a 25,000 hectare site, with a first development phase of approximately 6,000 hectares. District 1 forms the majority of that initial phase of construction.  Ground works for the construction of the mega-project are already underway, and the current designs are progressing rapidly towards construction drawings. 

 

“新塔什干”一区效果鸟瞰图  ©Cross Works

为保证设计理念从规划到实施的有效落地,主设计师团队同时在为“新塔什干”一区制定城市设计导则和建筑设计导则,并将于今年完成。此外,设计团队与国际知名的设计公司和当地的设计公司合作,参与了新城部分地块的建筑设计,旨为新城营造独特的建筑风格和设计语言。

As part of its scope and commitment to safeguarding the project vision and masterplan from design through to construction, Cross Works has also been developing the Urban Design Guidelines and Architectural Guidelines for District 1, which are due for completion this year. The firm is also undertaking architectural design on some individual plots within the masterplan, alongside other internationally recognised architecture firms (who are to be announced in due course), as well as locally sourced architectural and design firms, all of whom will contribute to the new architectural language of the new city.

 

城市主路效果图  ©Cross Works
城市夜景效果图  ©Cross Works

 

多样街区的总体规划

 

在“新塔什干”总体规划方案中,设计团队构建了多个包含住宅在内的复合型的街区(乌兹别克语称为"mahalla"),以推进新区的可持续繁荣发展。规划为居民和游客提供了丰富的公共空间,其中包含占总用地面积 20%的城市绿地空间,并引入了首都北部山区的水系。

The masterplan focusses on the creation of neighbourhoods (or ‘mahalla’ in Uzbek) with a mix of uses and residential typologies, in which new and sustainable communities can grow and thrive. It also looks to provide an abundance of open space for its inhabitants & visitors alike, with an extensive and continuous green space strategy making up 20% of the overall land take of the city, and a network of canals fed from the mountains to the north of the capital.

 

一区文化区及周边城区效果图  ©Cross Works
滨水公共空间效果图  ©Cross Works

该规划在居住区周边(5至10分钟的步行范围),配置了完善的区级公共设施中心,辅以商圈和文化休闲设施。所有配套设施的规划布局都经过精心计算,以平衡社区对日常消费和公共服务的需求,从而减少对私家车的依赖,转向更可持续的交通方式。

The masterplan is also centred around a healthy provision of community facilities (also known as ‘social infrastructure’) all within 5-10 minute walking distances of people’s homes, as well as supporting commercial and cultural uses, all of which have been meticulously calculated to ensure that the neighbourhoods have the requisite balance of day-to-day goods, services and facilities, which in turn will ensure a lesser reliance on private cars in the future, and a move towards more sustainable modes of transport.

 

一区“丝绸之城”片区效果图  ©Cross Works
“丝绸之城”片区,社区广场效果图  ©Cross Works
“丝绸之城”片区,步行商业街效果图  ©Cross Works
小尺度购物街效果图  ©Cross Works

 

为新“孪生城市”打造新“数字孪生”

 

设计团队为该项目创建了“数字孪生”系统,包含丰富的线上总体规划数据。它将被用于项目的宣传和项目信息数据的汇总,并将随项目和施工的推进而更新。这是一次大型项目数字化跟踪、管理的变革,促进了项目相关方的信息交流,并推动了公共参与。

Cross Works has created a ‘Digital Twin’ for the project (a data-rich digital replica of the masterplan on an online platform), which will stand to publicise the project and act as the database for all project information. It will be actively updated as the scheme evolves and moves onto site, and represents a step change in the way that large-scale projects are digital tracked, managed and shared with stakeholders, and indeed citizens.

 

地标建筑:塔什干双子塔效果图  ©Cross Works
国家公园效果图  ©Cross Works

该数字孪生系统包含详细的平面图、二维/三维城市分析、交互式设计指南、地理定位渲染和动画、线上的沉浸体验、空间漫步等。

The twin has been built from the ground-up by the firm’s in-house software development team, to include the detailed plans, 2D / 3D urban analyses, interactive design guidelines, geolocated renders & animations, online immersive experiences, walk-throughs, and more.

 

街景体验效果图  ©Cross Works

 

完整项目信息

项目名称:“新塔什干”总体规划、一区详细规划

项目类型:总体规划

项目地点:乌兹别克斯坦,塔什干

建成状态:建设中

设计时间:2023-2024

建设时间:2024

用地面积:约250,000,000平方米

设计单位:Cross Works

设计团队完整名单:Hakan Agca, Jiaying Yang, Yoyo Zhang, Paula Isabella Saavedra Rosas, Nauzet Lopez Hernandez, Marta Reina, Xingye Fan, Binghua Li, Liron Tledo, Yash Bedse, Cristian Toc, Sofia Yanez Perteagudo 等

其他参与单位,包括但不限于:Buro Happold, Gillespies, KMPG, BuroAtlas, Hartek Muhendislik, DOME+PARTNERS, SKAB, Synthesis, Udevs, CAMC Engineering, ATCHAIN and SNT Visual等

业主:新塔什干管理局


 

版权声明:本文由Cross Works授权发布。欢迎转发,禁止以有方编辑版本转载。
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Cross Work
乌兹别克斯坦
塔什干
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