设计单位 Skidmore, Owings & Merrill（SOM）
班加罗尔肯佩格达国际机场（Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru, BLR）扩建项目的目标，是修建一座“花园式航站楼”，从根本上提升旅客的机场体验。这座航站楼改造项目对素有“花园城市”美名的班加罗尔市意义深远，该市也是印度最大、发展最快的城市之一。项目将打造一个新的城市门户，展现这座城市的悠久文化和自然景观。项目将打造一个新的城市门户，展现这座城市的悠久文化和自然景观。设计以可持续发展为理念，致力于为班加罗尔打造一张独一无二的城市名片。
Envisioned as a "terminal in a garden," this new addition to Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru (BLR) radically reimagines the airport experience. The construction of the 255,000-square-meter terminal marks a transformative moment for one of India’s largest and fastest-growing cities, Bengaluru, by creating a meaningful civic gateway that emphasizes Bengaluru’s rich culture and natural landscape. The design establishes a new vision for sustainable growth and conveys a sense of place that is unique to Bengaluru.
The new terminal offers a sequence of distinctive spaces, each integrated with a variety of landscape features, creating a calm oasis within the bustle of an international airport. By doubling the airport’s annual capacity from 25 million to 50 million passengers, Terminal 2 positions BLR as one of the premier airports in India and the world.
In the front of Terminal 2, a 123,000-square-meter multimodal transit hub serves as the nexus of public transport for the entire airport, connecting BLR with the city of Bengaluru. This T-shaped, two-level outdoor plaza space simplifies access to public transit. Along with a series of elevated pedestrian bridges, these spaces make the airport terminal area entirely walkable, bringing travelers over access roads to the two airport terminals and hotel.
The transit hub also introduces a new kind of space for an airport. With outdoor retail, event spaces, and entertainment areas, the space is envisioned as more than a travel hub—it is also a destination for local residents. The gardens inside Terminal 2 cascade out to the hub and its surrounding land, creating a continuous look and feel for these indoor-outdoor spaces.
Once inside, the terminal building houses check-in, immigration, security, retail, arrivals, and baggage claim. Beyond security, separate retail and concessions spaces are provided for international and domestic passengers. Each area is replete with amenities and verdant plantings, in addition to a full array of shops and dining experiences.
SOM与景观设计公司Grant Associates和设计师Abu Jani/Sandeep Khosla合作，设计这个“花园式航站楼”，打造人与自然的和谐。 从交通枢纽到航站楼入口，再到各个登机口，旅客将穿过一系列风格独特的花园空间，包括一系列绿植墙和空中花园。
Developed in collaboration with landscape architects Grant Associates and designers Abu Jani/Sandeep Khosla, SOM’s “terminal in a garden” connects travelers to nature. From the transit hub, through the terminal entrance, and extending to the gates, passengers move through a sequence of spaces marked by distinctive garden elements, including green walls and hanging gardens.
The ceiling, made of layers of cross-laid engineered bamboo, filters light much like a garden pavilion. The finishes throughout Terminal 2 make skillful use of locally sourced materials including ivory brown granite, umber red bricks, and traditionally woven rattan.
Between the gate concourses and the terminal building is the “forest belt”–a 90-meter-wide swath of lushly planted landscape. To reach the gates, passengers cross covered, open-air bridges, which provide a dramatic experience of immersion in the landscape. Footpaths within the forest belt provide access to dining concessions and other amenities.
Sustainability and wellness were critical considerations at each stage of the design process, and the terminal’s garden design supports the project’s sustainability goals. BLR is the largest airport building in the world to have been pre-certified as a LEED Platinum building prior to commencing operations.
Beyond the gardens which define the experience of the airport, Terminal 2 implements sophisticated, holistic sustainable design strategies which enable the facility to run entirely on renewable energy. These strategies include extensive solar sharing and intelligent building systems as well as the use of renewable materials. The abundant vegetation is irrigated with rainwater that is harvested on site, and the retail area’s waterfalls cool the inside temperature.
SOM’s structural engineering team collaborated with the architecture and planning teams to create a terminal design that is efficient, adaptable, and sustainable. The terminal’s structural system and rectilinear form accommodates continuous landscaping, which spans multiple levels both inside and outside, as well as the use of skylights and hanging planters. The terminal’s roof is made entirely out of domestically produced materials and built with local construction technology. The structural system for the gate areas consists of long-span trusses, which are designed to keep walkways and sightlines clear.
The structure will accommodate changes over time–an important consideration in the ever-evolving aviation industry. All the gates are equipped with “swing” capacity, or the flexibility to handle different wide-body and narrow-body aircrafts. This forward-looking plan will allow the terminal to thrive as an international travel destination well into the future, and will allow the airport to increase annual passenger capacity by another 20 million passengers in the coming years.
Client: Bengaluru International Airport Limited
Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Completion Year: 2023
Size: Building Gross Area: 380,000 square meters
LEED BD+C NC (New Construction) Gold, BD+C, Gold
IGBC N/A (IGBC) NC (New Construction) Platinum, N/A (IGBC), Platinum
Stup Consultants P. Ltd.
Mulvey + Banani
BNP Associates Inc.
Brandston Partnership Inc. (BPI)
H.H. Angus & Associates Limited
Merson Group (MSD)
Abu Jani and Sandeep Khosla (AJSK)
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