设计单位 MC A建筑事务所（Mario Cucinella Architects）
San Raffaele Hospital ranks 88th in the "Best Hospitals in the World 2021" list, and is recognized as one of the most prestigious medical centers in Italy and even Europe.
The 10-story new building so-called "Iceberg", because of its peculiar shape, is part of Milan's important medical system, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele and IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital. Considering that most of the dense buildings in the area were built in the 1870s and 1880s, the styles are quite different. As an extension in the heart of the existing hospital, abandoning the scheme of horizontal squares to rise in height, combining functionality and aesthetics.
The new building consists of two significant elements that complement each other both architecturally and functionally: the technical plate that houses the most essential hospital functions (such as the surgical block, intensive care, and emergency room) and the tower, which houses the wards, doctors' offices, and outpatient departments.
The curved façade makes a concession to the urban boundary, showing a highly open and transparent attitude, so that the building naturally integrates into the surrounding environment. The slender louvers extending upwards reduce the volume visually, and incorporate a light design language into the high-density urban environment, making the tower form a "floating" feeling on the base, which is instantly recognized to be the new benchmark for medical buildings.
The building plan is simple and approximately rectangular. The whole is based on practicality. The space is rationally arranged, and the process layout and functional room settings are controlled in detail. For example, the functional rooms where heavier medical equipment is placed should be located on the ground floor as much as possible. Effectively reduce the initial construction cost and the later operation labor cost and energy consumption cost. Efficient and smooth moving process can greatly improve the operational efficiency of the hospital and relieve the pressure and contradictions of medical treatment. All rooms are naturally lit and ventilated, which greatly reduces the hospital's operating costs.
The slight curvature of the elevations makes it possible to differentiate the external view from the patient rooms and improves access to natural light in the central part of the façade. The ethereal appearance of the white glass façade introduces a sense of calm, chasing with daylight and lighting up the night sky. The building becomes the center of the entire campus, integrating function and aesthetics, and is known as a welcome "healing place".
Another characteristic element of the envelope is the large glass surfaces at the corners of the building, where communal living rooms for the patients and their families to meet informally, rest, pray and encourage each other. In winter, these spaces serve as solar greenhouses, reducing the need for heating, while in summer, they are air-conditioned to meet the demand for comfort and thermo-hygrometric control. Natural elements – light and greenery – integrated into the design increase the quality of the interior spaces and the well-being of the users. The solutions open visually to the green spaces from both the patient rooms and the offices, improving the quality of the medical environment and the well-being of users.
The roof garden above the podium provides users with an outdoor resting place, creating a landscape platform for dialogue with nature. From the ever-changing natural environment, it stimulates the positive emotions of users and eliminates physical and mental barriers. At the same time, large-scale greening can alleviate atmospheric dust, purify the air, and reduce carbon emissions.
聚焦人性化医疗，营造安全舒适的就医环境，该项目以可持续的方式打造绿色医院，使其成为意大利首家获得 LEED 金奖认证的医院。
The new Surgical and Emergency Center of San Raffaele Hospital, which was once hailed by the Chinese media as a "smog-sucking" hospital, was completed. Focusing on humanized medical care, creating a safe and comfortable medical environment, and building a green hospital in a sustainable way, it will become the first hospital in Italy to receive the LEED Gold Award.
Characterised by a building envelope entirely clad in glass, the new Surgical and Emergency Centre has a tightly woven façade made up of full-height vertical louvers which perform a dual bioclimatic function. Thanks to the shadows cast on the glazing, these sunshades help to reduce the thermal loads caused by solar radiation, reducing the energy requirements for air conditioning of the interior spaces and, at the same time, increasing the amount of natural light diffused into the rooms through reflection on the ceramic surfaces.
A special catalytic coating of titanium dioxide makes the tiles traps polluting particles in the atmosphere, which are inerted by the sun's rays and then washed away by atmospheric precipitation. The same material plays an active role in the building's surroundings, promoting the chemical transformation of ozone into oxygen molecules. It known as a "smog-sucking" building.
The principles of the green building were the basis for the choice of materials for covering the interior spaces, combining the best standards of health and hygiene with the use of products free of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), protecting the health of the environment. After banning synthetic materials widely used in hospital construction, such as PVC, the interior surfaces are covered with antibacterial stoneware slabs, a product combining extremely high mechanical strength and durability with an action that inhibits the proliferation of microorganisms harmful to health.
The same attention has been paid to the furnishings and sanitary fittings: the former are made of eco-sustainable materials free of formaldehyde, while the latter is treated with an antibacterial coating on the washbasins in the bathrooms, patient rooms, and clinics.
The use of recycled materials and greenery, both outside and inside, will further improve air quality and the well-being perceived by patients, staff, and visitors.
The design of the building aims to pursue the concept of sustainable development closely related to the quality of the hospital space and its humanized requirements. MCA combines design aesthetics, medical functionality, natural symbiosis and green technology to create a warm healing atmosphere with perception, self-confidence and a sense of belonging, and achieve dual healing of patients' "physiology" and "psychology".
客户：IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele
设计团队：Mario Cucinella, Marco Dell’Agli, Giulio Desiderio, Michele Olivieri, Emanuele Dionig, Martina Buccitti, Laura Mancini; Alberto Menozzi, Giuseppe Perrone, Matteo Donini, Lello Fulginiti, Daniele Basso
模型：Yuri Costantini, Ambra Cicognani, Andrea Genovesi
竞赛：Eurind Caka, Stefano Bastia
视觉效果：Engram Studio; Paris Studio
项目管理：Alessandro Bartucci; Adriano Moras
卫浴布局：InAr Ingegneria Architettura
结构工程：Ballardini Studio di Ingegnaria
技术设备：Deerns Italia SpA
立面：Aza Aghito Zambonini Srl
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