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2022荷兰世园会开幕,MVRDV打造可持续性绿色园区

2022荷兰世园会开幕,MVRDV打造可持续性绿色园区
编辑:彭紫琦 | 2022.04.19 18:09
©Walter Herfst

当地时间4月14日,每十年举办一次的国际园艺博览会——2022年荷兰阿尔梅勒世界园艺博览会(Floriade Expo 2022),由荷兰国王威廉-亚历山大亲自开幕。在之后的六个月,这个占地60公顷的Floriade公园,将展示来自世界各地的最新园艺发展。

On April 14th the Floriade Expo 2022, the International Horticultural Exhibition held in the Netherlands once every 10 years, opens in Almere. King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands opened the site today, as final additions were being made to the pavilions and planting. For six months, the 60-hectare Floriade park on the Weerwater will showcase the latest horticultural developments from around the world.

 

MVRDV对其进行总体规划,将树木和植物按字母顺序严格排列在网格区分的地块中,同时还提供了临时展亭和住宅规划。世园会结束后,这里将被改造成一个新的绿色住宅区“Hortus”。

The Expo - and the city district which will occupy the site afterwards - derives its underlying character from MVRDV's arboretum concept, with an alphabetical library of trees and plants arranged into lots in a strict grid. These lots also provide the layout for temporary pavilions and, later, homes; after the Expo, the park will be transformed into a new green residential area known as Hortus.

 

场地总平面图 ©MVRDV

©Walter Herfst

本届世园会以“发展的绿色城市”为主题,将比以往任何时候都更绿色、更有生产力、更可持续。它不仅关于植物,还有大约400名参与者在这里展示他们最新的创新成果,从自然包容性农业,到由93%回收塑料制成的可持续实验性住宅。

This edition of the Floriade Expo is not only about the plants; approximately 400 participants also show the latest innovations, from nature-inclusive agriculture to a sustainable pilot home made from 93 percent recycled plastic. With the theme "Growing Green Cities", this year's World Horticultural Exhibition promises to be greener, more productive, and more sustainable than ever.

 

概念分析图 ©MVRDV

©Walter Herfst

总体规划将重点放在植物的多样性、健康,以及被绿色植物围绕的简单乐趣中。项目目标是在60公顷的土地上种植植物、树木和花卉,同时开发该地的潜力,使其成为一个能源和粮食生产的城区。

MVRDV designed the masterplan with a focus on plant diversity, health, and the simple pleasure of having greenery all around us. The ambition was to enrich the 60-hectare site with plants, trees, and flowers, while at the same time exploiting its potential to become an energy- and food-producing city district. 

 

因此,该总体规划不仅是世博会的基础,也是之后创新、可持续发展的住宅区Hortus的基础,该住宅区旨在成为阿尔梅勒市中心的绿地补充。

The masterplan is therefore not only the basis for the Expo, but also for the innovative, sustainable residential district Hortus, which is intended to become the green counterpart to Almere's city centre on the other side of the Weerwater.

 

概念分析图 ©MVRDV

以其精致的小街道网格为基础,在这些街道上,植物和树木的种类按照它们拉丁语名称的字母顺序排列,从场地西北部以名称为A开头的物种,到东南部的以Z开头的物种。

The arboretum, based on its refined grid of small streets, forms the basis of the masterplan. In these streets plant and tree species are listed in alphabetical order according to their Latin botanical name. In the northwest of the site are species beginning with the letter A, while those with a Z are found in the southeast.

 

街道规划总平面图 ©MVRDV

景观设计师Niek Roozen和来自阿尔梅勒市的Christiaan Pfeiffer共同开发了植物种植技术,在这里种植了4万棵灌木、20万棵多年生植物和100万株球茎。荷兰的树木种植者们还为本届世园会特别捐赠了2800棵树。

Landscape architects Niek Roozen, along with Christiaan Pfeiffer from the municipality of Almere, developed the technical aspects of the planting, placing a total of 40,000 shrubs, 200,000 perennials, and 1 million bulbs. Dutch tree growers donated 2,800 trees especially for this edition of the Expo.

 

概念分析图 ©MVRDV

MVRDV创始合伙人Winy Maas说道:“植物园还展示了植物在土壤、水和维护方面的需求。我希望我们的植物库能提供一个很好的搜索和阅读功能,让所有这些信息都变得可见。当新区建成后,城市与景观之间会产生共生关系,我们可以测试植物对建筑物的影响。因此,植物园也是增加知识的工具。未来,植物园将由一个独立的基金会管理、维护和进一步发展,这是一件好事,能为世园会留下一份遗产。”

MVRDV founding partner Winy Maas says: “The arboretum also shows what the plants need in terms of soil, water, and maintenance. I hope that a good search and read function will be added to our living tree and plant library so that all this information becomes visible. When the new district is built, a symbiosis can arise between city and landscape and we can test the effect of plants on buildings. The arboretum is therefore also an instrument for increasing knowledge. It is good that in future the arboretum will be managed, maintained and further developed by an independent foundation, so that the Expo will have a legacy.”

 

现有天际线(上)和“绿色城市”天际线(下) ©MVRDV

植物园与一条林荫大道接壤,这条大道通过宽阔的绿色桥梁连接园区两边。在阿尔梅勒市和弗莱福兰省的倡议下,两座圆形桥梁由阿尔梅勒市废弃材料制成的无水泥混凝土建造而成。MVRDV的总体规划也为不同的建筑师提供了空间,每个建筑师都以自己的方式诠释了MVRDV的“绿色浸入”概念,即建筑融入尽可能多的绿色中。此外,ZUS建筑事务所与世园会质量团队一起设计了公共空间。

The arboretum is bordered by a boulevard, which connects the two sides of the plan by wide green bridges. On the initiative of the municipality of Almere and the province of Flevoland, two circular bridges were made, built from - among other things - cement-free concrete derived from Almere's waste. MVRDV's masterplan also offers space to various architects, each of whom translated MVRDV's concept of a "green dip" - the immersion of buildings in the maximum possible amount of greenery - in their own way. In addition, ZUS Architects designed the public space alongside the Floriade quality team.

 

效果图 ©MVRDV

位于世园会中心的高43.5米的弗洛雷斯大厦(Flores Tower),也由MVRDV为其设计了多彩的立面,并与Arttenders和佛兰德艺术家Alex Verhaest合作创作了名为Sympoiesis的艺术品。世博会上所有的树木、植物和花卉都被投影在塔身的玻璃幕墙上,每一种植物的名称和位置都可以在建筑的基座上找到。弗洛雷斯大厦是这里第一座永久性建筑,将在世博会期间用作活动组织和广播电视基地。

For the 43.5-metre-tall Flores Tower at the centre of the Floriade park, MVRDV designed the building’s colourful façade, creating an artwork named Sympoiesis in collaboration with Arttenders and the Flemish artist Alex Verhaest. All of the tree, plant, and flower species at the Expo are represented in a composition printed on the glass facade panels of the tower, and the names and locations of each can be found on the building's plinth. The Flores Tower is the first permanent building in the new district and will be used during the Expo as a base for event organisation and for radio and TV broadcasts.

 

弗洛雷斯大厦 ©3D Capacity

 


 

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Floriade Expo 2022
MVRDV
荷兰阿尔梅勒
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