“Daylight and openness to the outside are fundamental to the sense of wellbeing. In most hospitals, you are in an environment that’s oppressive. You have no sense of where you are, you have no light. We approached the hospital with two ideas in mind: one, that daylight is key; the other is that gardens, courtyards, and water are already places of healing. These gives the hospital a completely different feeling from any hospital that I know.”
– Moshe Safdie
作为事务所在拉丁美洲的首秀，瑟蕾娜·德尔·马尔医院中心（Centro Hospitalario Serena del Mar, CHSM）也是萨夫迪建筑事务所的首个医院项目，对于哥伦比亚卡塔赫纳及加勒比地区意义非凡。
A critical new resource for Cartagena, Colombia and the Caribbean region, Centro Hospitalario Serena del Mar (CHSM) is the first hospital designed by Safdie Architects and the firm’s first project to open in Latin America.
▲ 项目介绍视频 ©Safdie Architects
医院中心是大运河市政区（El Gran Canal）的重要组成部分。该区同由事务所设计规划，占地约10平方千米，位于卡塔赫纳北部的加勒比海沿岸。医院中心是新区首个面向公众开放的机构，也是整座城市首家全科室综合医院。医院一期占地约53,500平方米；全部完工后，医疗设施及花园占地可达约70,000平方米。
The hospital anchors the Safdie Architects-designed masterplan for the El Gran Canal civic district within Serena del Mar, a new 2,500-acre citycurrently in development on the Caribbean coast, in the north of Cartagena. The first public-facing institution to open in the emerging master-planned city, the hospital establishes Cartagena’s first full-service medical institution. Phase 1 of the hospital comprises approximately 575,870 square feet with the full project spanning 753,480 square feet of hospital facilities and gardens.
The advanced teaching hospital offers comprehensive human-centered medical care with the highest safety and quality standards to the residents of Cartagena and wider region. Premised on the notion that access to nature and daylight is vital to creating improved therapeutic experiences for patients, families, and staff, the design focuses on providing a sense of well-being, leading to better clinical outcomes. The hospital began a phased opening to the public earlier this year with 158 beds; once complete, CHSM will service the region with over 400 hospital beds.
“For Centro Hospitalario at Serena Del Mar we wanted to create a new kind hospital: highly efficient but inherently humane. We envisioned a space that provides an uplifting and healing environment, one that avoids the institutional anonymity often associated with hospitals.” Sean Scensor, Partner, Safdie Architects
A linear courtyard planted entirely with bamboo, creates separation and privacy between the inpatient wings and public outpatient services. Glass elevators, stairs, and public corridors are organized around the bamboo garden, which offers a soothing visual constant, making it easy for visitors to orient themselves and navigate around the hospital. Bamboo was specifically chosen for the quality of dappled light produced as daylight shines down through the plants, uplifting and enriching one’s experience. A small non-denominational chapel in the bamboo garden offers a private refuge for families and visitors.
The hospital is designed with five inpatient wings which project out towards the lake. Between the wings are a series of courtyards, each uniquely landscaped to create distinct garden environments. A healing garden connected to the oncology department allows cancer patients undergoing treatment to experience a more intimate landscape planted with local flora including species with medicinal properties such as Indian Lilac, Frangipani trees, and Royal Poinciana.
The architectural character of the hospital is rooted in the traditional vernacular of Cartagena. Deep roof overhangs, recessed windows and sliding shutters modulate and filter the abundant yet harsh daylight. Cream-colored limestone, recalling Coralina, the fossilized coral stone which adorns the city walls and colonial churches of historic Cartagena is used throughout the hospital, on the façade and floors of the public spaces and circulation areas, creating a calm and serene environment.
In response to the Cartagena’s tropical climate, which is hot, humid, and rainy depending on the season, Safdie Architects designed the building’s projecting roofs to attract breezes through the project and create enough protection from sun and rain to encourage people to comfortably move between the indoors and outdoors to experience the natural surroundings.
The serene material palette recalls the natural colors of Cartagena’s coral limestone and local wood species. In contrast, brightly colored hand-glazed wall tiles and furniture upholstery recall colors found in Colombian landscape. Earthy browns, golds, and warmer colors used on the lower levels recall the palette of the La Guajira Desert and the Orinoco region; while cooler greens, blues, and turquoise are used on the upper levels to recall colors found in the Caribbean and Andean regions.
Furniture colors also draw from local flora: red and purple from flowers like Bougainvillea, Heliconia, and Hibiscus Rosa; blues and yellows from Spider Lilies and Ixora; and greens from Bamboo and Agave. The building incorporates an art program including a large sculpture at the main entry and an extensive collection of regional posters, curated by NH Galería, a prominent local art gallery.
Patient experience is paramount in the hospital’s design, with fine details to create conditions for healing incorporated throughout. Each patient room is flooded with natural light and views overlooking the lake and gardens. Motorized exterior rolling shutters are controlled individually for each room, giving patients more autonomy and control over their room environment.
Lighting is recessed and integrated within walls and ceilings to provide indirect illumination, which contributes to a calm environment and avoids glare when seen from patients lying in beds looking up at the ceiling in both patient rooms and corridors. Lighting levels are balanced from day to night, conducive to patients’ rest and sleep.
Rubber flooring used in the patient areas, is the same color as stone floors in the public areas, creating a consistent calm appearance. The rubber flooring also promotes wellbeing of nurses and staff and reduces noise from footfall to help patients rest.
A key design innovation was to devote the third floor of the hospital entirely to mechanical equipment and service distribution. This strategy affords the hospital with ultimate flexibility— – allowing maintenance staff to independently access the floor without disrupting operations, not only for repairs but for easy reconfiguration and relocation of departments as healthcare technologies evolve. Placing mechanical equipment in the technical floor also freed the roof from the cluttered array of mechanical equipment typical of hospitals. The roof is instead covered with solar panels, generating electricity for the project and create a calm overall appearance of the building.
An underground tunnel runs the full length of the hospital offering direct connection of services, staff, supplies, laundry, food, and waste from the loading docks and kitchens to all building cores—acting as an efficient spine of logistical infrastructure.
The clear services infrastructure allows for easy adaptation and phased expansion of the hospital to be built over time as the linear structure expands with it, without fundamentally changing the logic of the building or its inherent legibility.
Client: Novus Civitas
Sponsors: Fundación Carlos y Sonia Haime and Haime Gutt Family
Operator: Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá Planning & Design
Advisor: Johns Hopkins Medicine International
Design Architect: Safdie Architects
Medical Design Advisor: Tsoi Kobus
Engineering: BR+A, TYPSA
Signage: Two Twelve
Lighting: Lam Partners
Civil Engineering: Langan
Architect of Record: Condiseño
Landscape Design: EDSA
Cost and Construction Manager: PAYC