方案设计单位 Serie Architects+Multiply Architects
首席顾问与建筑师 CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Nearly two years after the topping-out ceremony officiated by The Honourable Chief Justice Sundaresh Menon, the new State Courts towers standing at 1 Havelock Square today is fully operational, and is the tallest government building in Singapore to date.
在2011年国家法院举办的两阶段公开设计竞赛中，Serie Architects与Multiply Architects的联合方案脱颖而出。项目与CPG咨询公司合作开发完成，其在此次设计担任了首席顾问与建筑设计的工作。
The new State Courts towers was designed by Serie + Multiply Consultants Pte Ltd, winner of a public two-stage open design competition organised by the State Courts in 2011. The project was developed and completed in collaboration with CPG Consultants Pte Ltd which is the Principal Consultant and Architect.
Serie Architects事务所负责人Christopher Lee表示，城市与公民之间的关系，是激发设计团队对此项目兴趣的关键因素。全新的法院大楼应该是能象征性地开放，并让公民可以使用的建筑。建筑的设计语言从这个城市的典型建筑汲取灵感，因此对市民来说，大楼既熟悉，又充满令人惊奇的新意。
Christopher Lee, Principal at Serie Architects, UK comments, “The relationship between the city and its civic buildings was our primary interest for this project. The new State Courts towers should be a building that is symbolically open and accessible to the public. Its design language is drawn from the architecture typical of the city and hence is both familiar and surprisingly new to its citizens.”
Courtroom complexes are typically designed in a conservative manner partly due to complex circulation requirements to keep the judges, persons-in-custody, and the public separate. In contrast, the new State Courts towers have been designed to be highly open and visible to the public.
This is achieved with two architectural strategies. First, the building is split into two slender towers connected by link bridges. The front tower accommodates courtrooms and the back tower the judges’ chambers and staff’s offices. This architectural move not only brings light deep into the building but helps keep the circulation of the judges, persons-in-custody, and the public separate.
The second strategy is to place the courtroom boxes onto large open “court trays”. These trays are not only of different heights to fit courtrooms of different sizes, but also completely open - there is no glazed facade around the tower. Instead, each tray accommodates a lushly planted garden terrace that filters the tropical sun and allows views out over the city. The court tower as a result appears light, open, and welcoming.
The courtrooms themselves are clad in tall pigmented pre-cast panels measuring 5 to 12 metres in height, inspired by the colours and textures of the tiled roofs in the adjacent, historic Chinatown shophouses. The intention is to bring together two typical forms of architecture from the immediate area, namely the high-rise and the shophouses into a single frame so that the new building is at once familiar and yet excitingly new.
The office tower which houses working spaces is expressed as a thin and elegant slab tower. The facade features an expanding and contracting grid. Vertically, the grid contracts where the service core is located and expands where light and views are required in the middle. The modulation of the horizontal grids draws the eye across the facade and towards the sky, giving a clean and absolute form and a sense of playful rhythm.
An entrance canopy was built for the new State Courts towers which opens up the site to the surrounding context and creates two entrances, the entrance from Havelock Square and Upper Cross Street.
The site for the new State Courts towers is also smaller, meaning that vertical court towers, as compared to a more common, horizontal layout would have to be planned. This posed a challenge, as careful planning and stacking of the 53 courtrooms and 54 hearing chambers, is necessary to ensure that court operations will be in no way hindered. One of the successful outcomes was the simplicity in the vertical stacking of its programmes and circulation that made wayfinding easy for the public.
As a modern and IT-enabled courthouse, the complex also took on various smart building features like facial recognition and automation of various building management processes related to security and, mechanical and electrical systems. Other IT or web-enabled services introduced include video-conferencing facilities and interactive self-service kiosks. In addition, as a modern courthouse, a universal design approach was adopted to ensure that it is user-friendly to the judges, persons in custody and the public, for example in providing assistive listening systems for court attendees and in all its courtrooms, digital wayfinding through the use of apps, child- minding facility, etc.
The State Courts towers is also an environmentally sustainable building, with innovative green building features incorporated in its design, such as solar panels and condensate water recovery systems. It was awarded the BCA Green Mark Platinum award in 2018.
Building Type: Judiciary / Courthouse
Project Location: 1 Havelock Square, Singapore 059724
Name of Client: State Courts
Year of Completion: 2019
Operation Start Date: 2019
Gross Floor Area: 113,000 sqm
Design Consultant: Serie+Multiply Architects Pte. Ltd
Principal Consultant and Architect: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Civil & Structural Engineering: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Mechanical & Electrical Engineering: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Quantity Surveyor: CPG Consultants Pte. Ltd
Project Management: PM Link Pte. Ltd
Facade Consultants: HCCH Consulting Pte. Ltd / Building Facade Grp
ID Consultant: SCA Design Pte. Ltd (Ong & Ong)
Special Lighting: Ong & Ong Pte. Ltd
Landscape: Plantwerkz Pte. Ltd
Signage & Wayfinding: Square Peg Design
Acoustic & AV Systems: Alpha Acoustics Engineering Pte. Ltd
Environmental Sustainability Design Consultant: Surbana Int’l Consultants Pte. Ltd
Security & Blast: Certis Cisco Consulting Services Pte. Ltd