设计单位 Foster + Partners
Situated in the heart of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Edmond and Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences is a pioneering research facility for the scientific exploration of the brain. It has been carefully sited amid the natural rugged setting of the campus. Once the new tram link to the city center is opened, the building will act as a gateway to the university – its dynamic social spaces and laboratory facilities are designed to attract exceptional scientists, as well as to foster an interest in the center’s research activities within the wider community.
事务所设计主管Spencer de Grey表示，破解大脑之谜是21世纪最具挑战性的工作，这一领域的研究对数百万人的生活质量来说至关重要。这是以色列大学同类型间最具创新性的研究项目之一，几个综合实验室具有极高的灵活性，可以预判并适应未来的变化。围绕一开放中庭布置的平面成为方案的设计核心。
Spencer de Grey, Head of Design, Foster + Partners, said: “Understanding the enigma of the brain is the most challenging endeavor of the 21st century and research in this area is vital to the quality of life for millions of people. This is one of the most innovative projects of its kind at an Israeli university, with several laboratory complexes that are highly flexible to anticipate and accommodate future change, arranged around an open central courtyard that is at the heart of the scheme.”
The building is arranged as two parallel wings around this central courtyard. The upper levels house twenty- eight highly flexible laboratories linked by social hubs, which are conceived to encourage informal interaction and the exchange of ideas between students and staff. At ground floor, there are teaching facilities, a 200-seat auditorium, a library, café and a publicly accessible gallery for the display of art related to the brain.
The courtyard at the heart of the scheme unites these different functions, establishes new circulation routes through the campus and draws the greenery of the surrounding landscape into the building. Planted with citrus trees and a man-made stream along its length, the courtyard forms a quiet, reflective space and a cool microclimate, which can be further mediated by a retractable ETFE roof.
Darron Haylock, Partner, Foster + Partners, commented: “The project has a progressive social agenda that has been applied at an urban scale, creating a center for research and learning that is truly inclusive. The new building is located just off the main pedestrian spine of the University and its façade invites exploration, drawing people inside to learn about the research activities.”
In the context of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, the building anticipated the importance of health and wellbeing with a design that is underpinned by the principles of biophilia. The central courtyard, open balconies and circulation all contribute towards a healthy research campus. The center’s progressive environmental strategy makes use of passive techniques to naturally reduce energy use. Local materials, such as Jerusalem stone, are used where possible, and the building is orientated east-west to reduce solar gain.
建筑上部的三层立面处设有铝制遮罩，遮罩上不断重复有二十世纪西班牙神经学家Santiago Ramon y Cajal绘制的图案，该设计也是对大脑神经结构的一种阐释。东西两侧半透明ETFE顶棚也为建筑进一步加强了被动式冷却效果，同时也成为主入口的独特标志。
The upper three levels are shaded by a cast aluminum screen, with a non-repetitive representation of the early twentieth century drawings by Spanish neuroscientist, Santiago Ramon y Cajal, illustrating the neurological brain structure. Further passive cooling of the building is provided by translucent ETFE canopies to the west and east, which form distinctive markers for the main entrances.
Client: Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Construction Start: 2014
Site Area: 5,130m²
Area (Gross): 15,724m²
Typical Floor Area (Gross): 2,100m²
Number of Floors: 5 including 2 basements
Car parking spaces: 100 (Disabled: 4; Bicycles: 60)
Building type: Education and Research and Development
Number of laboratories: 28
Roof weight: 300 tonnes
Number of Unique Facade Panels for Neuron Screen: 290 Panels
Number of Facade Support Spigots for Neuron Screen: 1403 Spigots
Structural System: Reinforced & post tensioned concrete structural frame with steel roof. Aluminum cladding system.
Materials: Concrete, Jerusalem Stone Glass, Annodised Aluminum Steel, Pre-cast Concrete
Architect: Foster + Partners
Foster + Partners Design Team: Norman Foster, David Nelson Spencer de Grey, Stefan Behling, Darron Haylock, Matthew Hayhurst, Parul Singh, Kadri Kaldam, Apostolos Despotidis, Joana Santos, Josef Musil
Foster + Partners Engineering Team: Roger Ridsdill Smith, Xiaonian Duan, Piers Heath
Collaborating Architect: YBGSNA - Yuval Baer Galit Shifman Nathan Architects
Project Managers: Baran Group
Laboratory Design and Systems Coordination Consultant: Sherman Architects
Structural Engineer: Labaton & Partners
Mechanical and Electrical Engineers: I. Irony
Cost Consultant: Mitar
Lighting Consultant: Moshe Levy - Krausher-Levy Electrical Engineering
Landscape: Moria-Sekely Landscape Architect
Main Contractor: Narsha / Danko
Facade Contractor: Alumeshet
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