PES-Architects was invited to participate in the international architectural design competition of Shanghai submarine Museum in January, 2021. After the competition lasted several months，PES finally won the competition.
The project is located at No. 3 Dockyard, the former site of Jiangnan Shipyard, No. 18 Longhua East Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai. It is in the South Area of Expo Park in Puxi Expo Binjiang District, near Longhua East Road and Manufacturing Bureau Road, north of the arc-shaped Expo elevated walkway, south of the Huangpu River, west of the Riverside Leisure Trail, east side with adjacent to No. 2 Dockyard.
The project consists of two phases, the first phase has a construction area of 500 square meters, and the second phase has a construction area of 3,000 square meters. The first phase is scheduled to be completed in the first quarter of 2022, and the second phase is scheduled to be completed in 2023.
It is hoped that combined with the transformation and development of the landscape and functional areas around the Huangpu River, the navigational elements will be highlighted on the basis of full convergence of contents, forming a first-class exhibition area with decommissioned ships as the main body and a cultural and historical landscape along the river. Emphasize the continuation and inheritance of the site and historical industry culture and landscape, and create the landmark of the historical and cultural landscape of the site.
Context Based Design
The site for the future museum and the relocated submarine is one of the three neighboring maritime docks. The length and shape of the three docks provide a connection to the city. The overall logic of the design has been to take advantage of the interesting feel of old maritime and industrial spaces, and gradually convert them into new uses, while preserving the atmospheric quality of the place and space.
The museum is located as a bridge on top of the submarine and across the dock pool, allowing for continuous flow across the site.The same logic is followed in all construction phases; in phase 2, the size of the building grows as museum programs expand, and a large monumental staircase allows to transform the bottom of the dock into an extension of the bund green space.
By adding a roof top viewing deck, we arrive at a sculptural and yet extremely functional final museum design. Our design forms a symbiosis with the submarine and hovers on top of the maritime dock as a mysterious, interesting object-with fantastic views towards the river, the dock and the submarine. We have focused on three principal factors on the existing site: the dock itself, as a memory of the industrial nature of the site, the submarine, and the majestic Huangpu river.
Reflective mirror facade amplifies its context but also disappears, which both disappears and becomes a focal point simultaneously, forming a true landmark. Glass, steel and wood form an elegant contrast to the existing rough textures of the museum dock. The same material and feel is continued in the interior and spaces are arranged clearly to reflect and best serve their respective uses.
Multi-Functionality and Possible Expansion
The museum design and the flexible exhibition space beneath allows parts of the dockland to be isolated, and become a part of the exhibition or event programme, depending on the season. Variations on the usability of the dock land include events like movie night, dance party, fashion show and so on.
Landscape Art Piece that Symbolizes the Progression from Ocean to Land
The bottom of the dock has a gradually undulating topography that can be filled with water, changing the outlook and function of the whole area. As the water level rises, the landscape would form shallow pools for kids to play in, and form a small path towards the underside of the museum. The water also allows to separate the multifunctional exhibition areas below the museum from the public park, when water is at its high peak.