设计单位 Glenn Howells Architects
Glenn Howells建筑事务所完成了这栋伯明翰大学学院的全新红砖建筑——Moss House，这栋建筑位于伯明翰历史悠久的珠宝角中心。设计旨在对建筑遗产保护区表示敬意，这栋面积为8500平方米的新建筑内设阶梯教室、现代教学空间、健身房、餐厅和高级的运动设施，以应对明显增长的学生数量。学院为学生提供最先进的设施，以体现其在该地区对未来的承诺。
Glenn Howells Architects (GHA) has completed Moss House - a new red brick building for University College Birmingham in the heart of Birmingham’s historic Jewellery Quarter. Designed to celebrate the architectural heritage of the conservation area, the new 8,500 m2 teaching hub which has lecture theatres, modern teaching spaces, a gym, diner and flagship sports facility responds to a significant growth in student numbers, providing state-of-the-art student facilities while signifying University College Birmingham’s commitment to its future within the area.
GHA was appointed for the scheme following a competitive design process and worked closely with city planners, conservation groups and local and national heritage bodies to ensure the proposals met and exceeded the planning requirements of the conservation area. Moss House respects and celebrates the character and craftsmanship of Jewellery Quarter, one of Birmingham’s most important and historic districts with its distinctive surviving streetscape and close urban grain.
Internationally renowned for its long history of jewellery and metal production, the area’s origin is in the extraordinary 18th century industrial growth of Birmingham. Historically, the design of the surrounding buildings was focused on providing natural light to workers and competition grew between manufacturers to demonstrate their craftsmanship through clay building materials.
Using a simple palette of materials such as brick, terracotta, metal, glass, the building takes cues from the local urban form and massing, reinforcing the existing street pattern and corner edge to the site. The brick was chosen to match the tonal qualities on the nearby Newhall Works (c.1860-70). Terracotta detailing is used throughout the area to denote openings and entrances, and Moss House gives a nod to this by featuring terracotta elements such as window sills and headers.
Banding details between floors create hierarchy and divides the façade into three defined layers. Glazing is emblematic of a jewel set within a refined and detailed clasp, holding the glass in place. Larger windows at lower levels are replaced by thinner windows on the upper level, a detail commonly seen throughout the Jewellery Quarter as levels were added on to buildings as they changed use over the years. Moss House has been designed to have a grid of windows externally with greater internal flexibility so classrooms can be reconfigured over time, allowing the building to adapt to the University’s evolving needs in the future.
University College Birmingham specialises in vocational courses in both the higher and further education sectors with a growing portfolio of apprenticeships. The new building creates an open teaching environment that connects students and staff using generous and enjoyable shared spaces that link teaching facilities with ‘living room’ style break out areas and social spaces.
This principle of connectivity has driven the organisation of the building. Internally, spaces have a fresh, industrial feel, with exposed concrete structure, metal and glass, designed to be robust and durable. The central atrium is flooded with natural light and features a wooden central staircase with break-out seating, while bridge links across the cathedral-like volume are designed to create more intimate spaces that encourage informal learning and promote interaction among the students. Visual connection between the internal uses is fundamental to the building’s design and large areas of glazing that separate the teaching spaces reveal the academic and sporting activities taking place within to foster a sense of transparency and collaboration.
The ground-floor houses the University’s careers, employability, apprenticeships and enterprise service, where students can practise for interviews and pitches in a realistic working environment. Located nearby is a large, relaxing space designed as a ‘living room’. The ‘living room’ has a formal diner designed with open kitchens and a centre piece pizza oven overlooking the courtyard, where students can experience work as part of the vocational training of the catering courses. A contemporary exhibition space also allows students to curate exhibitions of their work as well as displays by local artists and craftspeople.
As a flagship sports teaching facility, the building also houses a specialist strength and conditioning suite with a 35-metre indoor running track, for speed and strength work. The facility is placed at the top of the building, overlooking the courtyard and atrium, so is highly visible, creating an animated and active environment. The team had to overcome numerous technical challenges in order to house the facility at the top of the building, which would normally be located at ground level. The facility also includes a high-performance laboratory which can be used by undergraduates on sports therapy and sports science degrees.
Moss House also incorporates the University’s Health Skills and Simulation Suite, a purpose-built six-bed hospital ward with simulation manikins for nursing and physiotherapy students to practise their skills and enhance their practical training.
The use of craftsmanship was critical in achieving the quality the client and design team desired. Working with manufacturers and focusing on how the individual small-scale components were made and assembled, the design team utilised carefully selected, crafted and assembled components by local suppliers.
Using passive measures where possible, the servicing strategy was driven by a clear diagrammatic organisation of the spaces on a rational structural grid. The atrium was central to the strategy, which contained two circulation corridors either side of the void to distribute the air supply horizontally from the main service risers and into the classrooms themselves.
Classrooms are organised off these two spines, utilising the atrium for extracting the stale air and reducing the space for duct work by 50%. Vents are built into the façade to allow for additional natural cooling. The large external windows and generous use of internal glazed screens maximises the amount of daylight, therefore reducing the requirement for artificial lighting.
Moss House is the second phase in the development of University College Birmingham’s new campus in the Jewellery Quarter. As well as providing for future growth at the University, the scheme responds to several major developments taking place nearby. Most importantly, the building provides world class facilities that will enrich Birmingham’s knowledge economy and boost training and employment opportunities for generations of young people in the city.
Architects: Glenn Howells Architects
Client: University College Birmingham
FFE Consultants: The Space Studio
Structural engineer: Couch Consulting Engineers
Environmental / M&E Engineers: Couch Perry Wilkes
Quantity Surveyor / Cost Consultant: RLF
Project Management: Mace Limited
Acoustic Engineers: Hoare Lea
M&E Subcontractor: NGB
Building Control Approved Inspector: Stroma
Catering Consultant: Promart
Principal Designer: RLF
Fire Consultants Hoare Lea
Transport Consultant: PBA
Planning Consultant: Savills
Interiors: Glenn Howells Architects
Heritage Consultant - CGMS
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