地处“地拉那”市中心的前恩维尔霍查博物馆，由一群建筑师在20世纪80年代设计而成，其中包括当时在任的阿尔巴尼亚共和国总统的女儿Pranvera Hoxha和她的丈夫Klement Kolneci。在科索沃战争期间，这个建筑一直作为北大西洋公约组织（NATO）的临时基地、夜间俱乐部和活动空间持续使用着。尽管近年一直有计划将其改造成一个国家剧院，但这些计划却从未实现，导致该建筑已经荒废了十余年。该项目旨在把这个共产主义时代的地标性建筑物改造成为本市青年的科技和教育中心。
Situated in the centre of Tirana, the former Enver Hoxha Museum designed in the 1980s by a group of architects including the then president’s daughter Pranvera Hoxha and her husband Klement Kolneci. Throughout the years it has also served as a temporary base for NATO during the War in Kosovo, a night club and as an event space. In recent years there were plans to transform the structure into a national theatre. These plans never materialized meaning the building has been left to decay for more than a decade.the Project will aim to reimagine the communist-era landmark as a new hub for technology and education that serves the municipality’s youth.
The pyramid has a unique silhouette and a strong presence in the urban environment. It never left the public attention and was a centre point in numerous protest and a background for demonstrations. Despite the generous use of glass on its façade the building appears to be hermetically sealed and inaccessible. The attempt to transform the interior clogged the atrium and created even more obstacles for one to experience the space.
The redesign will repurpose the pyramid’s concrete beams into stairs that provide access to the rooftop. Inteal beams will be made hollow to serve as viewing platforms or display spaces, while the stairs will be punctuated with glass to infuse natural light into the interior. Additional entryways will also be created on the ground to increase accessibility.
The project aims to give the building back to the public. By opening the ground floor from all sides the structure becomes transparent. By making the façade roof accessible and scalable a new perspective to the city appears and by flooding the interior of the space with green the object becomes one with its surroundings.
“We will open it up to its surroundings as a structure in the park, that can be populated by people, trees, and containers for co-working,” Maas added. “We will make the beams accessible and safe so that we can all climb to the top and celebrate the structure, with views of the city of Tirana. We create an inhabited monument.”
Location: Tirana, Albania
Client: Municipality of Tirana
Program: 11,800m² educational facility for youths
Design: MVRDV - Winy Maas, Jacob Van Rijs and Nathalie De Vries
Design Team: Winy Maas, Stefan de Koning with Ronald Hoogeveen, Boris Tikvarski, Stavros Gargaretas, Leo Stuckardt and Guido Boeters.
Youth centre management: TUMO
Images: MVRDV, Gent Onuzi