设计单位 Matt Gehm Design+深源创新实验室
The Bergs is a climbing wall located in the Carbon Neutral Experimental Campus of Dameisha Vanke Center, Shenzhen. It is a new fashion sports landmark project for the wellness sector in the campus renovation. The climbing wall is at the north of the athletic field, on the south side of the Vanke Center, facing the Dameisha Seaside Park in the southwest corner. The total area of the climbing wall reaches 2,500 square meters, which is decomposed into 16 groups of 260 installation modules in the design.
The main structure is steel, which is attached to the original column and the facade curtain wall structure system. Based on three sets of atypical structural columns under a space surrounded by three pieces of cantilevered horizontal buildings, a giant climbing wall with an internal canyon is formed to occupy the place. The canyon extends from the 14-meter-high overhead ceiling to the south facade to grow a 35-meter-high stalagmite tower. As climbers reach the top of the tower, the climber can see the sea over the horizon. This height also poses a proper challenge to the climbers in actual use, which brings an unprecedented experience to various participants
This project set out to take the variety of feature types seen in outdoor climbing and translate them to a man made climbing wall.
Typical projects are composed of large flat, faceted volumes with a low surface area to volume ratio. This relationship removes any defining characteristics from the climbing wall surface itself and ends up creating a homogenized experience across climbing gyms. This homogeneity ends up placing the burden of creating a diversified climbing experience onto the route setters and the holds used. But, given the small nature of these holds and volumes they cannot provide the unique and immersive setting that can be seen in outdoor routes.
To combat this sameness, feature types that are more typically seen in outdoor climbing, such as chimneys, spires, and cracks, were integrated into the structure itself. Through this borrowing, ‘The Bergs’ creates a distinctive and immersive setting unique to this climbing wall.
The central massing utilizes the primary truss of the existing building and forgoes any new primary structural work. By locating the walls around these existing truss members, two primary masses are formed with a cavernous occupiable space between them. Additionally a large tower was added to the southern portion of the project that extends up the side of the existing building to roughly 35 meters high. While the central massing is in compression between the ground plane and building above, this tower breaks the dialogue and wraps up and around the building. Except for combining architecture and sports, the use of the original structure of the building is a less impact renovation path, which matches the philosophy of low-carbon campus.
Beyond the established main massing, chimneys are cut into the form to diversify the climbing styles and break down the overall mass into separate chunks. Each chunk has a different pitch to vary the degree of difficulty across the project and fragment the continuous surface. Spires were then added, as a climbable surface and a universal scale reference. The formal language of these spires, extruded rectangular volumes that are kinked at intervals, borrows from the language of the larger existing building. This formal borrowing seeks to relate the new project to its host and create a dialogue between the old and new, small and large. The last feature to be added were the cracks, these design elements were the smallest geometrical form incorporated into the overall massing and serve as the third primary climbing type.
Eventually due to budgetary constraints, these elements were removed and replaced with a graphic placeholder, demarcating their impact on the overall concept of the project even though they could not be realized.
For the graphics of the project each climbing style was assigned a color. The chimneys were painted a dark gray to set them in contrast with the large white primary volumes. This creates a floating effect in which the masses seem to hang in the air and feel distinct from one another. The white volumes were then broken down further with a series of navy-blue elements that provide a formal language at a scale between that of the overall mass and the smaller spires and cracks. The navy graphics are also used to reinforce the three-dimensional nature of the volumes and turn the corner visually. Their forms seem to jump from one volume to the next creating further visual continuity across the chunks. Because the project could not use any curved surfaces in its construction, the graphics introduce them within their own formal language to break up the hard planar surfaces. The spires were painted a powder blue to allow more friction for grabbing. Finally, the cracks were given a periwinkle tone to create a distinction between them and the rest of the elements. Together, the three climbing terrains, each with its own distinctively graphic appearance, gives the user a truly diversified climbing experience in one session.
The rock climbing wall has a bouldering area in the low area on the east side, a speed climbing area on the inner wall of the canyon’s west side, and the difficulty area is the sharp shape protruding to the north and south. It can be trained for rock climbing enthusiasts and professional athletes of all kinds of levels. Within the Dameisha Center, the structure primarily serves the wellness and training requirements of the local business and enterprises with the potential to also assist with the physical education requirements of the Meisha Academy. In the future, the structure has the potential to act as a gathering and performance space other commercial entities.
设计单位：Matt Gehm Design+深源创新实验室
主创建筑师：Matt Gehm（Matt Gehm Design）