设计单位 MCA建筑事务所（Mario Cucinella Architects）
The Luigi Rovati Foundation Museum is a thematic museum of history and culture with the theme of recreating the glorious Etruscan cultural heritage, combining exhibition, conservation, science and education, and scientific research. A building that moves between past, present and future. It is the most important public cultural building of the future in Milan and one of the most inspiring projects of MCA.
The museum as a vehicle to present the origins of civilisation in a modern way, the visitor is able to recreate a glorious cultural heritage and gain inspiration from historical experience in order to enhance their ability to meet the challenges of the future. In addition, due to the complexity of the building's construction, "the future" is not only a concept of time, but also a high demand for future innovation and technology.
The Luigi Rovati Foundation Museum, located on via Venezia in Milan, aims to create a spiritual retreat in the heart of the city that will inspire the future in the areas of history, art and science.
项目源自Luigi Rovati基金会的诉求，在不改变历史悠久的19世纪 Bocconi-Rizzoli-Carraro 宫殿特征的前提下进行修复与扩建，并改造成博物馆空间，集中展示伊特鲁里亚时期的重要馆藏。
The project was born out of the desire of the Foundation Luigi Rovati to restore and extend the historic 19th century Bocconi-Rizzoli-Carraro palace without changing its character, and to transform it into a museum dedicated to the important collections of the Etruscan period.
The museum will not only be an exhibition space, but also a cultural centre in the field of conservation, research and improvement of ancient monuments, providing an academic space for research and exchange among scholars exploring Etruscan civilisation, establishing international partnerships, organising thematic conferences and events, and disseminating historical and cultural knowledge.
The fact that it is an underground museum does not mean that it has to be a cemetery. On entering, one finds oneself immersed in a city, for the Etruscans practised the concept of true urbanisation: the concept of what we today call a city was invented by the Etruscans and then inherited and adapted by the Romans.
The Etruscan civilisation was a civilisation that developed in the Etruscan region (the present-day Italian peninsula and the island of Corsica) between the 12th and 1st centuries BC. The Etruscans believed that people went to another world after death, so the most impressive art of the Etruscan civilisation was the architecture of tombs.
There are two types of Etruscan tomb shapes: one is a vaulted roof over a circular base built of large stones, the whole of which is then covered with earth in the shape of a steamed bun. The other is based on the Etruscan form of dwelling, where a quadrangular base is dug into the ground to create an underground hall.
The design draws inspiration from the architectural features of the Etruscan civilisation, alluding to the Etruscan catacomb style of the town of Cerveteri, and aims to evoke an interaction with the Etruscan civilisation. The building's exhibition space extends from the palace above ground to the underground, featuring three large domes that create a mystical atmosphere of the Etruscan civilisation.
Based on the Etruscan belief in reaching the other world after death, the building uses the contrast between light and dark in the interior to demonstrate the delicate balance between earthly life and the world of bliss. The effect is created by large blocks of bright quartz sandstone, with vessels displayed in transparent display cases at different heights, which appear to float in the air. At the same time, a slight echoing effect creates a sacred atmosphere and enhances the emotional resonance of the space.
The design of the museum includes the re-planning of the entire site, the restoration of the 19th century palace building and gardens, and a two-storey extension to the ground floor.
The ground floor extension is the main display space for the collection; the former palace building is set up for functions related to the museum's activities, including a bookshop, design shop, café, library, conference and event space, temporary exhibition space, restaurant and offices of the Luigi Rovati Foundation.
The museum's spacious first floor foyer, bookshop and design shop connect the café to the interior garden. This makes the museum an open space for the city, an urban lounge of art and culture that invites people to stop and explore. The outdoor gardens were landscaped and restored by Greencure, at the request of the National Superintendency of Archaeology, Fine Arts and Landscape of Milan, which focused on maintaining the existing tree species, incorporating vegetation and lawns appropriate to the urban environment, selecting drought-tolerant plants and reducing water consumption.
Passing through the service centre, visitors follow a stone staircase into the underground exhibition space and begin their journey into Etruria.
The 30,000 stone pieces are stacked upwards in layers to form three circular and one large oval underground exhibition area, giving the impression of a hollowed-out mining space and presenting the natural beauty of the building. All of the museum's stone is made from pietra serena, a natural stone from the Firenzuola quarry in Tuscany. Each piece of stone is individually designed, precisely cut and assembled to achieve formal continuity. At the same time, the horizontal stripes of the stone pieces create a suspended effect and a free-flowing feeling with the reflected light patches of mica in the stone.
Each slab is approximately 5 cm thick and 1 m long, with a distance of approximately 5 mm between each adjacent slab. Using the airy nature of the natural sandstone and the gaps between the stone pieces, a breathing wall is created where air can circulate naturally from the integrated unit to the substructure, allowing for good air circulation and fully solving the problem of ventilation in underground buildings.
The construction of the underground space began with structural reinforcement by inserting building piles around the existing building, followed by excavation and extension. Finally, the miniature piles that had previously supported the entire building were removed and the roof of the underground space was constructed. The underground dome arches out of the ground and forms an earthbag in the garden, which both accentuates the underground space and recalls the image of the Cerveteri catacombs.
展览是一场穿越艺术与建筑、形式与物质、城市与文明之间的旅程。MCA与Luigi Rovati基金会以及意大利考古学家和艺术史学家Salvatore Settis密切合作，对1.5万多件馆藏品进行深入研究，设计展陈方案。
The exhibition is a journey between art and architecture, form and matter, city and civilisation. MCA works closely with the Luigi Rovati Foundation and Italian archaeologist and art historian Professor Salvatore Settis to design an exhibition programme based on an in-depth study of over 15,000 objects in the collection.
On the one hand, the exhibition space has been transformed into an organic component capable of expressing the theme, with the collection appearing to float in giant transparent cabinets and arranged in a streamlined manner to ensure the continuity of each space; on the other hand, a dynamic and immersive experience has been created through the integration of historical, archaeological and digital technologies.
The building has also been subjected to an in-depth and precise technical study in terms of acoustics. Instead of completely silencing the echoes emanating from the dome's own structure, the acoustic solution adopted by the museum attenuates the sound in order to preserve the visitor's perception of the dome while creating a mysterious atmosphere. Also in order to eliminate the reflective effects of the lighting system, the exhibition glass was professionally tailored to maintain an extremely high level of cleanliness.
From the colour characteristics to the materials and the relationship between the various exhibition areas, the exhibition window design and spatial layout meet the highest international standards in terms of aesthetics, functionality, technology and quality, while introducing an element of innovation and experimentation into the field of museology.
项目在服务工程、材料选择和使用策略方面，对环境和能源的可持续性给予了极大的关注。该建筑正在接受 LEED v4新建筑和重大改造SILVER认证过程。
The project pays great attention to environmental and energy sustainability in terms of service engineering, material selection and use strategies. The building is undergoing the LEED v4 New Construction and Major Retrofit SILVER certification process.
All the heat and cooling energy required for air conditioning is obtained through a ground source heat pump and a rooftop photovoltaic system to take advantage of Milan's excellent geothermal resources. Not only does this reduce carbon emissions and noise, but it also ensures maximum availability of the building's outdoor space.
A fresh air system is used in the interior spaces to purify and filter dust particles and gaseous pollution from the air, ensuring excellent air quality. The addition of thermal insulation to the well-preserved historic walls, the replacement of all window and door frames with high thermal and visual performance components and the introduction of an automatic solar and light comfort controlled shading system have simultaneously resulted in a significant improvement in the performance of the building envelope.
"By thus recovering a building, the Fondazione Luigi Rovati is expressing the fundamental concepts of sustainability, of recovery, of focussing on energy and consumption issues, and on the reuse of materials; but the special attention that has been given to the conditions of well-being for visitors, researchers and staff. Architecture and art are also a form of care; they enter into us, creating emotions, imagination, and memories. This is a way of caring for people; an attentiveness that is the most genuine expression of sustainability"
—— Mario Cucinella
团队：Mario Cucinella, Enrico Iascone, Giovanni Sanna, Damiano Comini, Lucrezia Rendace, Maria Dolores Del Sol Ontalba, Luca Sandri, Donato Labella, Michela Galli, Dario Castellari, Enrico Pintabona, Irene Sapienza, Martina Buccitti, Wallison Caetano, Eurind Caka, Flavio Giacone, Ernesto Tambroni, Chiara Tomassi, Davide Cazzaniga, Silvia Conversano, Yuri Costantini（模型）, Andrea Genovesi（模型）
视觉效果：Pictury; MCA Visual（Alessia Monacelli, Walter Vecchio）
结构工程：Milan Ingegneria S.r.l.
工程服务：Manens – Tifs S.p.A
LEED顾问：Manens – Tifs S.p.A
石材和穹顶工程：Casone Group S.r.l.; Elios Engineering
修复工程：Chiarugi Simone Restauri Mobili Antichi; Gasparoli S.r.l.
灯光：iGuzzini illuminazione S.p.A; Enrico Colombo S.p.A.
多媒体/科技：Dotdotdot S.r.l.; Zeranta Edutainment S.r.l.
平面/标识：Zup Design S.r.l.; Silvia Gherra – silosilo studio
承包商：Ediltecno Restauri S.r.l.; Aertermica S.r.l.