设计单位 UDG · 十分工作室
At the end of 2019, we received a competition invitation to renovate a cultural center in Dachang. In addition to the expectation of realizing a cultural space, the cool and pleasant air of northern cold winter indeed attracted us who lived in the south for a long time, so we set out in a hurry after New Year's Day.
Dachang Cultural Center is located in a large cultural complex. The original building already contains some facilities including auditorium and cinema, and the recreation activities can also be heard and seen everywhere in the park around the building. The intention to implant a library and a museum is not only a sort of original complex space, but also properly defines the building as the cultural center of the whole city.
The key program of Dachang Cultural Center is library and museum which is asked to be open, friendly and comfortable according to the design brief. These space features remind us of taking "nature" as the starting point to provide the city and citizens with daily cultural communication and exhibition space.
Human originates from nature, and culture is deeply rooted in nature, and gradually germinates in the process of human's transformation of nature. We hope to explore the relationship between nature and culture from a broader perspective, restore the scene of people and nature in space, and let the cultural atmosphere be truly presented in the use of space again and again. With this design will of wandering in the "nature", we carefully considered and discussed the scene of human activities in the natural space with the client several times.
Nature and culture is a huge topic. From the perspective of architects, we hope that this is an indirect presentation of people merging into nature and transforming nature. Combining the specific use of library and museum, the intention of "Terrace " and "Cave" gradually entered our vision.
"Terrace" is the wisdom of human beings to transform cultivated land, which matches the needs of library too. The layered "terrace" landscape in the library space, on the one hand, controls the book wall at the human scale as much as possible and provides sufficient book storage, on the other hand, creates more free and comfortable reading experience.
The terrace landscape comes to the point at the main entrance of the library, and combines the function of the reception desk naturally to form a canyon like space with a sense of wrapping. The surrounding book wall combined with loose steps creates a soft interface and a free reading mode, and at the same time, leads the readers to the main reading area on the second floor.
Despite several rounds of simplification, the main reading area on the second floor still retains a number of reading zones of different heights, so as to facilitate functional zoning and book access requirements in the open space. Wandering in the terrace, it is feasible to sit on the freely extended bench, which continues the landscape space characteristics and forms a multi-level reading mode.
Unlike the library, the museum space is relatively compact. Our ultimate design strategy is to create a rich and continuous experience in the limited space of the continuous "cave".
Although the artificial cave landscape is formed in a “tectonic” way instead of “stereotomy”, the overlapping and interweaving curves spreading on cave surfaces still bring a unique aesthetic feeling of flowing and immersive exploration journey, creating a sense of mystery and ritual for the presentation of history and culture.
The cave like form language fully considers the relationship between the circulation and the structure, leaving sufficient space for the exhibits and the audience, which not only brings fresh scene, but also appropriately leaves blank.
Although we try to create a cultural space based on such a huge topic, it’s still our wish to return to the most daily and specific atmosphere. After all, the final state of a cultural center is closely related to the scene how people use it.
设计单位：UDG · 十分工作室
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