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宅中“造园”:青骊民宿 / HEI建筑设计工作室

宅中“造园”:青骊民宿 / HEI建筑设计工作室
编辑:楼樱 | 校对:李博超 | 2022.11.11 14:38
项目概览  ©uhe Studio

设计单位  HEI建筑设计工作室

项目地点  浙江湖州

建成时间  2022年

建筑面积  382平方米





This is an inward looking building, a building 'hidden, introverted and introspective'. To be exact, it is more like a building group, a building group simulating the structure of rural villages in Jiangnan or a modern garden building.


▲ 项目视频  ©uhe Studio



The project is located in Moganshan Town, Deqing County, Huzhou City. It is a new three-story building, which will be used as a homestay after completion. The north side of the project is the Phase I building of the B&B brand, the south side is adjacent to a three-story residential building, and the west side is partially close to a stream next to the main road. The southwest side of the project is linked to the site, and the higher the road goes to the north, the greater the height difference between the road and the site, with a height difference of nearly 4 meters in the northernmost part. On the southwest side of the site, there is a three-story residential building on the opposite side of the road. On the west side, there are mountain tea gardens and bamboo forests across the road. On the east side, there is a large area of bamboo forests and mountains, making the whole area in a narrow valley between the two mountains.


建筑整体在两座山体之间局促的山谷中  ©Alili
邻车行道、邻居多、地势低下 ©Alili





In general, this site has the disadvantages of low terrain, a large number of surrounding buildings, and a narrow vision. It also has the landscape advantages of adjacent streams, bamboo forests, and tea gardens. How to create a high-quality internal experience space in such a site without surrounding interference is the biggest difficulty. Therefore, we learned from the practice of traditional gardens, used a high wall to isolate the interior and exterior, and started to hide all spaces inward to create an internal world.


向内的建筑  ©Alili


The stone wall with a height of nearly four meters separates the interior and exterior of the project. Part of the inner courtyard can be seen from the overhanging terrace on the entrance and creek. Several big trees emerged from the top of the stone wall. The high wall ensures that pedestrians on the road can hardly see the courtyard and the first floor, making people curious and eager to explore. At the same time, the stone wall also plays a role in reducing the mutual interference of internal and external noise.


通过石砌围墙将一层隐藏  ©Alili
路上的行人看不到建筑的一层  ©Alili
通过石砌围墙隔绝内外  ©Alili





Although this is a newly-built building with an area of 140 and three floors, we do not want it to be presented in a more intimate and elegant way in the form of three - and four-floor unbalanced newly-built residential buildings that are ubiquitous in today's rural areas, but rather in a more cordial and elegant scale. The design makes the first floor hidden, and the second and third floors are divided into three small volumes, like three two-story houses. In proportion, it makes people feel friendly and comfortable, reflecting the introversion of the scale.


建筑爆炸示意图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
二、三层被分化成三个亲切的小体量  ©Alili


We do not want it to be a 'foreign object', but to be well integrated into the rural land to arouse people's memories of traditional Jiangnan dwellings. The 'Li' of Qing Li implies pure black in ancient times. We added a layer of black painted anti-corrosion wood on the exterior wall as decoration, which can remind people of the weathered wooden facade of traditional Zhejiang mountain dwellings. Moreover, the grey stone wall presents a dark overall appearance. This steady temperament leaves a feeling of being deeply rooted in the soil for a long time, which reflects the introverted appearance.


北侧立面  ©Alili
北侧庭院  ©Alili
东侧立面  ©Alili





This is a landscape inward building. Because the site has many disadvantages, we used stone walls to isolate the interior and exterior to lead the landscape inward to the inner courtyard and the bamboo forest in the back mountain. We built four courtyards of different sizes, so that the whole building could be completely enclosed by the courtyard space. All indoor public spaces and footpath streamlines were designed to interact with the courtyard.


二、三层交通流线围绕中心庭院展开  ©Alili


The west courtyard is a transitional courtyard that enters the building from the outside, which is the prelude. It is a long strip, which is the main landscape of the tatami area on the first floor; 


西侧庭院望向玄关  ©Alili
入口处的西侧庭院  ©Alili
长条形的西侧庭院  ©Alili
榻榻米区对西侧庭院的框景  ©Alili
玄关望向人口处  ©Alili


The courtyard on the north side has the largest scale and needs to provide space for outdoor activities in Phase I and Phase II, which is relatively relaxing;


北侧庭院  ©Alili
北侧庭院的木平台  ©Alili
北侧庭院望向大厅  ©Alili
面向北侧庭院的框景  ©Alili


The courtyard on the south side has the smallest scale, which is arranged in combination with outdoor stairs; 


南侧庭院  ©Alili


The east side is surrounded by buildings and mountains to form an inner courtyard, which is the central courtyard of the whole project, different from the courtyard of traditional dwellings.


俯瞰中心庭院  ©Alili
中心庭院与建筑的关系  ©Alili
中心庭院与后山的关系  ©Alili
中心庭院夜景  ©Alili


On the first floor, an L-shaped window with a long strip was designed to face the courtyard. The wooden patio is accessible from the tea table and wine house doors. The corridor stairs on the second and third floors also surround the central courtyard, which is the second worship of the central courtyard. This technique is similar to the inner corridor arranged around the courtyard on the second floor of traditional residential buildings. The repeated observation of the central courtyard from the first floor to the third floor further enhances the 'introspection' of the building.


茶台望向中心庭院  ©Alili
茶台、吧台、居酒屋长条开窗面向中心庭院 ©Alili


Except for several tea gardens facing the west, the windows of the guest rooms almost all face the bamboo forest behind the mountain, which also reflects 'introspection'. Because the main traffic flow lines on the second and third floors revolve around the central courtyard, the guest rooms rarely open windows towards the central courtyard, which can avoid mutual interference between vision and noise as far as possible, and ensure the privacy and experience of the guest rooms to the maximum extent.


西侧体块偏转后正对茶园景观  ©Alili
南、北体块朝向后山竹林的景观面  ©Alili
建筑与后山竹林  ©Alili
客房不朝向中心庭院开窗、避免相互干扰  ©Alili





The first floor of the whole building is a whole, which can be used as a public space of homestay. It is a U-shaped plane to ensure the mutual connection and independence of different functional areas. The second and third floors of the building are divided into three individual blocks as guest rooms. The three small houses do not interfere with each other to ensure that the noise interference in each guest room is minimized. The overhanging eaves on the third floor are interlaced to create a lot of gray space, making each guestroom doorway form an independent semi-outdoor rest space. At the same time, the frame scenery of bamboo forests and distant mountains was designed. 


外挑屋檐  ©Alili
两个建筑体块之间的灰空间  ©Alili
客房之间的灰空间以及对竹林的框景  ©Alili


The block on the west side was designed to avoid the neighbors on the southwest side and better face the opposite tea garden. On the block, an angle deflection was designed to make the whole building more lively and rich.


客房之间的灰空间面向茶园的框景  ©Alili


The three small houses simulate a traditional village. When you walk into this building, you will feel like walking into a village, and you will find it is an interesting and natural architectural community. Corridors and staircases are like interlaced lanes and stone steps in a mountain village, which are ambiguous grey spaces in the village. In the process of walking from the first-floor public space to your own room, you have unconsciously completed the communication and interaction with nature.


屋檐下的户外走廊  ©Alili
户外走廊  ©Alili





How do gardens construct and simulate a natural world? The essence of nature is changing, and the transition is the most basic unit of change. The transition of the courtyard footpath, building block and vertical traffic together make a complex space experience of flow and change constructed. The transition from 2D to 3D makes the indoor and outdoor streamline of the whole building fold, bringing people the experience of climbing rockery in the garden and the interest in complex and interlaced streamlining. Because the transition is linear, so it is a whole. However, the transition is flowing and dislocated. Therefore, the spaces arranged on both sides are both related and separated from each other.


立体转折流线串联建筑体块  ©HEI建筑设计工作室


The whole building block presents a three-dimensional turning streamline shape. From the plane to the vertical, the outdoor stairs and corridors are connected in series with many transitions to create a lot of different views and landscapes in the building, thus increasing the interest of the whole building.


二、三层的转折步道  ©Alili





In order to better integrate the whole building into the rural environment, we chose natural materials, including stone and wood, as the main base materials of the facade. The rubble cut by hand on the site is used to build the wall to make the whole building thick and stable to form the base of the whole building. The openings on the wall were used as entrances and terraces to interact with streams, breaking the monotony of large stone walls. The facade was decorated with black painted anti-corrosion wood. The texture of the wood can not only make the whole building warm and friendly, but also highlight the modern simple style.


木制装饰立面  ©Alili


The courtyard was made of many local natural pebbles, including the stone ridge wall at the boundary between the courtyard and the back bamboo forest and the pavement of the courtyard ground. The stone ridge of the central courtyard and the north courtyard used two sizes of stones and paving techniques to highlight the particularity of the central courtyard. In addition, the method of manual paving with small pebbles is called 'row skin' masonry by local masons, which finally presents exquisite horizontal texture. Large pebbles were used in the bamboo forest facing back in the north courtyard and the two stone ridge walls in Phase I, and the excavator was used for laying. The gap was filled with mud, reflecting its rudeness and nature.


毛石手工砌筑石围墙  ©Alili


设计图纸 ▽



所在村落布局  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
总平面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
一层平面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
二层平面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
三层平面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室
屋顶平面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室

立面图  ©HEI建筑设计工作室




建筑设计:HEI建筑设计工作室(HEI Architectural Design Studio)









视频拍摄、剪辑:uhe Studio

照片摄影:Alili、uhe Studio






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