As the largest industrial site in Beijing, Shougang Industrial Park is a "Memory of the Times" for a generation. After the relocation of Shougang Group, the blast furnace is no longer filled with smoke. Near Shijingshan bank, adjacent to Show Poo, the factory is waiting for the new era after prosperity and decline. The organizing Committee of the Winter Olympics settled in Shougang Industrial Park in 2016. The injection of winter Olympics functions is a great opportunity for Shougang Industrial Park to regain new life. The site of the park provides services space for the Winter Olympics, including training venues, hotels, training, culture and business, as well as offices and other functions for enterprises to settle in later. This marks that Shougang Industrial Park has become a new city with extremely rich industrial heritage characteristics.
The project is located in the north of Chang 'an Avenue west line, south of the Winter Olympics platform, and is the main gateway of the whole Shougang North Park. This area is adjacent to Chang 'an Avenue and Yongding River, and faces the "No.3 Blast furnace Site", which is the core of Shougang Park across the bank, with unique landscape resources and geographical advantages. The site contains 16,000 oxygen plant, 3,350 workshops, a Tencent Performing Arts Center, lakeshore office space and commercial space.
Outside the site, there are landscape resources such as Shijingshan, Yongding River and Qunming Lake, and there are many remaining industrial buildings in the site. In the mountains and lakes, the steel forest of Shougang Park district interprets a different landscape. The site's entrance retains a towering cooling tower and railway steel shed; The internal truss structure of the 16,000 oxygen plant is intact, and the external green wall skin is artistic. The imposing 3350 workshop is located in the middle of the site, its mottled exterior walls are somewhat desolate against the lush vegetation outside; The original gas pipeline corridor shuttles through the site, and you can see the warning board of "Safety First" when you look up, which seems to remind people of the original lively scene of the factory. The rich industrial scene of the site has become the material and inspiration of our design. The design is based on maximum respect for the original, while maintaining the memory of the industrial era.
The design is based on the original texture of Shougang plant as the base, and continues the grid texture of old Beijing city, with "Founder" as the theme along the west extension line of Chang 'an Avenue. The urban design of the whole area fully respects the industrial heritage, keeping 16,000s oxygen plants and 3,350 workshops, following the east-west layout of the site, opening up the central space, forming a visual corridor from Chang 'an Avenue and Qunming Lake to the Third blast furnace area, bridging the space between the city and the park.
The design retains a number of industrial buildings and structures, and organically integrates the new buildings with the preserved ones. In the north area near the lake, which is rich in landscape resources, offices and supporting businesses are arranged. Near the south side of the west extension line of Chang 'an Avenue, the Performing Arts Center is the end node of the whole Chang 'an Avenue, which has the effect of image display and gathering people. The entrance of the building combines the square with the old industrial plant and Qunming Lake as the background to create a personalized rest space.
The planning and design of the area combine with the overall planning of Shougang Park, fully respect the original style of the factory, and pay attention to the preservation of the old factory buildlings. The new building strives to keep in harmony with the old factory building in style, and blends into the original texture with a modest attitude to reshape the architectural style of the plot.
As non-renewable building resources, the industrial heritage retains historical memory. In accordance with the principle of "less demolition, more renewal", we combine the old buildings with the new buildings in the urban area by means of "darning" and "stitching", and reuse the old factories. The original 3350 workshop and 16000 oxygen production workshops have been updated for new functions. Some of the old chimneys and structures can be used in conjunction with the landscape of the site.
The 16000 oxygen plant is located at the entrance square on the east side of plot 039. The outer wall of the building is green, and the internal structure is portal truss structure. The architectural structure is intact. Through field investigation and research, we decided to use it as an exhibition center, and add to the interior of the building to enrich the spatial layout.
The design retains its most distinctive structural part, and new structural columns are placed outside the steel frame to form a steel frame structure. The roof load is still borne by the original structure, while the additional two and three floors are borne by the new frame structure. The original workshop was added as a three-storey exhibition space, which is accessed by a three-storey double-height diagonal glass volume.
The newly built glass volume serves as the foyer area of the building, and the truss structure retained by the roof is clearly visible when you’re standing here. The traces of the industrial era and the reality create a wonderful movement, which makes people feel the building has a brand-new vitality in time. The new building uses grey metal panels as facades that contrast with the old building and "jump" out of the site, while the grey exterior walls are ultimately hidden in the complex.
The Tencent Performing Arts Center consists of a new building and workshop 3350. Workshop 3350 was transformed into the auxiliary room and office of the performing arts Center, and the original exterior wall of the building was retained. The old workshop retained the basic frame, removed the auricle outside the main structure, and exposed part of the trusses to show the industrial sense. The external wall was removed, and glass material was added to meet the indoor lighting; The interior of the building is added to four floors. The entrance hall is the double-height space of the original factory building, overlapping the original memory.
The design of the new area on the south side of the workshop is "homogeneous" and "repetitive", continuing the 6m module steel truss structure of the original workshop. The large, medium and small studios are placed in the steel frame space, and the three concrete boxes and the metal frame form a virtual and real contrast, forming rich light and shadow changes.
The combination of circular concrete wall and square glass box on the west side enriches the overall shape. On the second floor, the outer corridor provides a rest platform for the audience to enjoy the beautiful scenery. The concrete box not only meets the sound insulation requirements of the studio, but also can be well integrated into the original industrial temperament. At the same time, the "carving" of the facade texture forms a rich expression of the facade. The homogenized facade technique and low-key material blur the concept of the time of addition and preservation, and the two harmoniously blend.
In the middle of the building, a visual corridor is opened along the west extension line of Chang’an Avenue and the space along the third blast furnace. Through the visual corridor, Chang’an Avenue, Qunming Lake and the third blast furnace connect the building with the urban landscape, industrial landscape and natural landscape, and sew up the city, factory and architectural space.
The newly built office area on the north side is divided into two parts. The east office area is completely facing the lake, consisting of a 2-story catering building and a 6-story office building. The west office building is 6 floors, and the north of the oxygen plant and the winter Olympics platform adjacent; It has an excellent view advantage. In accordance with the site texture, the building extends to both sides with the square motif, which is in harmony with the original style of the site in design. The facade strives to show a simple and atmospheric corporate image.
The building is made of concrete and glass. The concrete texture is mild and stable, which is in harmony with the old building on the south side. The use of large areas of glass introduces lake and mountain views into the building through "reflection". The facade introduces the element of "eaves", absorbing the artistic conception of "profound eaves" in ancient architecture. The horizontal eaves are the extension of the horizontal lines, which can stretch the line of sight and view the scenery under the eaves, making the distant mountains and the near water become the scenery in the landscape frame, giving people a different feeling.
The design intersperses public Spaces such as platforms, eaves corridors and sunken courtyards in the building, combining performance, office, rest and viewing activities.
The sunken square at the entrance forms a dynamic space connected with the small square. The eaves corridor on the first floor, the platform on the second floor and the roof platform provides the users with a space for viewing and resting. The space under the eaves forms an extended viewing area, integrating Qunming Lake, Yongding River and Shijingshan into the building.The middle part of 3350 workshop was opened, and an outdoor theater is enclosed by the exposed roof trusses and the outer corridor on the second floor. With Qunming Lake and many remaining industrial buildings as the background, the small theater is full of vitality.
The space provides a variety of activity places for people, but also has meaning because of people's activities. People's behavior is connected with the architecture and landscape, and the whole factory becomes "vibrant" from the original silence.
The main materials of the building are metal, glass, concrete and brick. The overall facade is simple, atmospheric and rich in details. The new office area is covered with staggered screens to shield the drainage chain and add facade detail. The facades are enriched by finely textured, finely divided concrete;
Diagonal light slots are embedded in the studio wall, breaking up the dullness of the whole wall. At night, the twinkling lights and transparent glass lights each other, shining.
Today, Shougang Winter Olympics Park has become a tourist destination in Beijing, the landscape of the buildings and lake in different seasons makes the ten miles Shougang Park as half garden landscape, half garden poetry.
The focus of industrial site regeneration is on "site activation" and "memory preservation". The activation and reuse of the site, from the perspective of the city, needs to determine the direction of regeneration according to government policies and location. Shougang reemerged with the help of the Winter Olympics as the core IP. The Winter Olympics project brought a lot of resources and attention to the park, which enabled it to realize the functional transformation smoothly. In the process of this project, the economic and landscape resources available around the site are analyzed based on the location of the site, so as to further improve the commercial value and architectural quality and attract large enterprises to settle in.
The transformation and utilization of space is the means of regeneration, and the regeneration of functional formats is the key to stimulate the vitality of the site. Preserving memories is not simply rebuilding old buildings. Architecture exists in a continuous flow of time. The use of modern materials and architectural techniques can be engraved on the mark of this era in the building.
In plot 039 of Shougang, 3,350 workshop and 16,000s oxygen plant are retained, and the truss sequence and outer skin are retained, and the original industrial sequence is repeated in the expansion area. The new area is designed to blend in rather than contrast, blending the old and the new with the humility of concrete. The whole plot adopts the stitching method to continue the original site sequence and sew up the cracks of the times.