"To build in Moganshan, architects need to maintain sufficient awe of nature, and find appropriate ways and suitable materials, so that man and nature can live in harmony here."
45 kilometers northwest of Hangzhou, nestled in the thick fog of a sea of bamboo with the rolling ranges, Moganshan has been a place of retreat for literati since the end of the Spring and Autumn Period, as depicted in "The jagged pavilions rise high, half covered by fog and half trees". Up to now, with the increasing demand for travel and vacation, the picturesque Moganshan has become the first choice for contemporary leisure and vacation.
"Qinshan" Mountain Villa is a mountain settlement construction deep into the hinterland of Forest Sea in J.Lalli. It tries to create an ecological summer settlement for urban people among the native nature, providing them with both the experience of getting close to nature and the vacation experience of quality life. In the face of the native nature which has evolved for thousands of years, as an "alien invader", how the architecture intervenes, presents and realizes, so as to establish the communication medium between man and nature is the topic we will discuss in this case.
The construction of Qinshan Mountain Villa Cluster in J.Lalli has been carried through two stages of my career in two ways. When I was a partner in GLA, as the project design director and chief architect, I led the team to complete the scheme creation and engineering design of the project. After the independent practice of line+, I continued to be employed by the client as the project design consultant to continuously control and optimize the materials, techniques, engineering practices and overall effects of the entire Qinshan Mountain Villa project. With the same project, different identities and roles change, it inherits the same original intention-"coexistence with mountains ".
The key word of the project is the mountain, but the entry point is the water.
The first task of the whole project is to upgrade the dam management house of Changlinwu Reservoir, which is located in the heart of J.Lalli Resort Hotel, and make it a tourist station. The blue lake and green mountains are just right.
In the face of the heart-touching site and the tight schedule as always, we chose the most direct and most light way to respond. The most basic building materials, the light and thin multi-ribbed steel plate structure, the invisible climate boundary of the facade, and the clean folding "paper" movement complete the hut and constitute this "linear" tourist station together with the dam body.
We quickly reached a consensus with the owner and the project construction management team on our attitude towards nature and construction strategy as shown in the renovation, so as to complete the construction of high-quality vacation tourism property with the minimal interference to the environment.
Back to the "Qinshan" Mountain Villa Clusters, in order to ensure minimum interference to nature, the overall planning plans the project base to be spot-shaped land of different sizes. It is integrated into three types of basic units of different scales, which are scattered along the mountain slope. The limited red line boundary, the naturally growing vegetation and part of the test pile completed in earlier period within the site form the starting point for our further development of the design.
In order to present the original charm of natural mountains and forests and create the original atmosphere of pastoral settlements, we have organized the road according to the trend of the mountain and the current situation of the trees. With a north-south main road as the main line and three east-west auxiliary roads as the branches, we have connected each land unit in an orderly way to form a linear structure organized along the trend of the mountain.
At the same time, we have set the motor vehicle pick-up point in the parking lot at the foot of the mountain, led the guests to the mountain villa with shuttle vehicles and set up a turnaround at the end of the side road. Without adding motor vehicle path, it gives enough freedom for the slope design of the site and provides sufficient space and variable conditions for the subsequent individual design. At the same time, we have introduced the tour path with the minimum impact on the mountain environment, offering visitors with a sense of sequence of winding paths, peaks and turns, and the sun blazing forth from a cloudy sky.
Faced with the original ecological landscape environment, we try to intervene in J.Lalli with the design concept of "not to conquer nature, but to respect nature”. Taking water and soil conservation as the premise of design deepening is not only the guarantee for construction implementation, the effective use of mountain landscape and geological environment, but also the respect for nature.
In order to avoid destructive development on the environment, we aim to avoid cutting down a tree as much as possible, place the single building in point, and select the site according to the planting distribution relationship on the site. Through the analysis of the plot section, we have lifted the building off the ground in the similar way of the ganlan-styled construction, and the building block in the steep slope falls floor by floor, which also attaches the building form to the mountain to the maximum extent.
This kind of construction intervention based on topography not only reduces the destruction of the mountain and vegetation caused by artificial construction, but also increases the vertical dimension of space level and multiple possibilities of access paths.
To trigger a dialogue between architecture and nature in a purely natural site, it is not enough to focus solely on the space creation of the building itself. We try to get rid of the single architectural perspective, look at the living scene from the natural environment, complete the individual layout and form operation according to local conditions, and create the Zen penetration between indoor and outdoor space.
Combining with the landscape orientation and avoiding the sight interference, we have designed the relationship prototype of four types of buildings and the site: horizontal access, upward duplex structure, downward duplex structure and set-back structure, and arranged them according to local conditions through the analysis and study of the contour and vertical relationship of each piece of land. The elevation design conforms to the original terrain as much as possible, reduces excavation and damage to the mountain. The partial upward and downward duplex housing types maximize the landscape view of each household, and at the same time, the treatment method of the virtual and solid mountain wall avoids the interference of the mutual sight between different units.
Finally, the rich architectural form, group relationship and space experience presented by Qinshan villa is the most suitable answer for this natural mountain after trying countless possibilities, "coexisting with the mountain" and becoming a landscape of its own.
For architecture, the details can determine the final temperament presentation. In the material combination and structure refinement, we strive to "delicate and simple" texture, responding to the natural temperament and the pursuit of quality of the hotel.
The simple outline frame is in organic dialogue with the mountains and forests. The ultra-slim and neat wall edges make the architectural form blend into the mountains and forests in an introverted manner. The sunken terraces make the visual volume disappear. Combined with the dark hidden overhead columns, the building seems to float in the mountain forests and peep out the valley slightly.
The facade of the building, made of porous dark grey basalt, conducts an organic dialogue with the dark green tones of the mountain landscape. This sense of breathing close to nature relieves the sense of heterogeneity of foreign buildings and establishes the premise of integrating buildings with mountain forests from the air and sight. With exquisite and fine aluminum alloy profile, door pockets and window frames, eaves dripping edge, we try to give the delicate feeling of the subtle details of the building with the high standard technology of contemporary construction, so that artificial and natural achieve delicate balance between "delicate" and "simple".
To avoid a large amount of earthwork and protect the original terrain and vegetation, we have determined the construction strategy on the premise of "ecological restoration", namely we use manual hole digging piles, stilted buildings, and prefabricated materials to achieve a slight intervention in nature.
In the construction process, we have tried to preserve the original trees as much as possible, reduce the contact area between the building and the mountain, and continue to restore the environment. Compared with large machine construction, this construction form is bound to be more time-consuming and labor-consuming. However, its protection of mountain environment and restoration of natural ecology will produce value beyond time and material, and ultimately lead to the design concept of "co-existence with mountains".
In the "Qinshan" Mountain Villa project, we have carried the concept of "being dedicated into the mountains" through the whole design process. "Dedication" is the architect's awe for nature, and also the vision of the future holiday community for a better life.
The power of the architect lies not only in the interpretation of form and the realization of function, the development mode of ecological protection, the market feedback of value spillover, the overall atmosphere of being integrated into nature, and the enduring popularity of living in the countryside all lie in the architects' awe for nature, respect for mountain forests, control of the environment, and control of materials. The "coexistence with mountains" created by the "Qinshan" Mountain Villa is an aesthetic composition hidden in the mountain forests and also a thinking documentary about the coexistence of man and nature.
室内设计：HID广州赫尔贝纳室内设计有限公司、STYLUS STUDIO Limited