Raising orphans and widows and taking care of the elderly have affected the national economy, people’s livelihood and long-term stability as an important social issue. Phase I of Shenzhen Social Welfare Center (new address), as a social welfare organization with the nonprofit of Shenzhen Civil Affairs Bureau, includes children’s homes and the rest home for the aged, which is uncommon in Shenzhen. After the building of this new address, it has been an exemplary welfare infrastructure to solve people’s concerns and show their humanity, and the largest built comprehensive welfare center in Shenzhen until now.
This project, located at the north of Guanlan Street, Longhua District in Shenzhen, also known as the original land area of Guanlan Rest Home, has a total base area of 40,310 m2, the land area of Phrase I is 32,269 m2 and plot ratio is 1.17. Moreover, its total construction area amounts to 44,861 m2, including the sum of all building areas for calculating plot ratio is 38,078m2 and the rest is 6738 m2, which can park 210 cars.
In Phase I of this project, there are 700 beds in the children’s home and 300 beds in the rest home of the elderly. The child welfare, located in the north area, is composed of the comprehensive building in #1, training building in 2#, simulating family building in 3#, and children’s living rooms in 4# and 5#. The rest home for the elderly, located in the south area, includes four buildings of 7#, 8#, 9#, 10# connected by cloisters.
At the beginning of the design, we have reviewed the current status of welfare construction at home and abroad, and made research in such examples as Shenzhen Welfare Center and Baoan District Welfare Center. In terms of the design issues of the children’s home and the restroom for the elderly, we conclude the experience, put forward measures and find direction at projection and construction, as well as determine harmony between the elderly and the young as an important design theme.
We delve into the different demands of functional departments for the children’s home and the rest home for the elderly. In accordance with the age, the children can be divided into the newborn from the age of 0 to 1, the toddler from 1 to 1.5, the toddler from 1.5 to 3, the preschooler from 3 to 6, and the schoolchild from 6 to 14. According to body condition, the children can be divided into children with severe disability, children with intellectual disabilities and department simulating family children. In accordance with the different maintenance requirements and service procedures of the elderly, it can be divided into two-person rooms for self-care, three-person rooms for nursing the disabled old man with wheelchairs, three-person rooms for dementia, and family rooms.
We hope to provide quiet, comfortable living space with abundant activities, and represent the tepid climate and cultural characters of Lingnan, the south of the five ridges. Therefore, we design a settlement building group with the theme of connection with the corridor and courtyard. Taking the children’s home at the south and the restroom for the elderly at the north as main constructions, they are connected by a two-floor corridor along Yingbin Avenue. The north yard has different sizes of rooms and beautiful landscape, and arranges appropriately in length and breadth, while the south yard enjoys orderly structure in plentiful levels. These two yards jointly build an exquisite, flexible and winding atmosphere of the Lingnan courtyard via modern techniques.
According to the requirements of design specification, the children’s home and the rest home for the elderly are divided respectively, and independently manage with self-governed entrance and exit, while the recovery and medicine rooms and equipment are centrally shared, and they also share one underground garage. As a result, every building can not only take into use independently without interruption, but also connect through the corridor regardless of the weather. It responds to the rainy, humid and hot climate at the same time, and is feasible for functional transformation and district integration. The traffic flow line emphasizes the “separation of people and vehicles”, with the car in the outer periphery and the pedestrian at the center, which are vertically separated between people and vehicles from the ground by the second-floor corridor.
All the functional rooms are built in the north-south direction, whose sunshine duration can reach more than 3 hours on Great Cold. The building is divided into sections to facilitate ventilation and the introduction of the southeast monsoon in Shenzhen. All the self-care rooms of the children’s home are equipped with large balconies for activities and the width of the corridor on the north is more than 2.1 m, whose rooms are square, practical and easy to arrange furniture.
Our competitive bidding plan uses multilevel to acquire the best sense of economy and scale, rather than the high-level building of other competitors, which is also one of the important factors of our successful bid. It applies an overall multi-layer concrete frame structure with economical column spans of 7.2 meters, 8.1 meters and 8.4 meters. The first floor is 3.9 meters high, the floors are 3.6 meters high, and the underground is 5.1 meters high. It is economical, practical and functionally suitable, ensuring lower investment and cost control.
This project has a simple construction design, a focus on scale building and a comparison with the virtual and reality. Through the combination of the long and the short, the tall and the low, the main construction group in beige mixes with the red brick wall and the bell tower with kindness and warmth. It shows modern fashion, elegance and warmth, and meets the physical and psychological demands of children and the elderly.
Meanwhile, we call for low-cost design on the basis of passive form and appropriate technology. The foursquare construction is conducive to energy saving, the breach between buildings is helpful to draught, and all kinds of shading measures and thermal shield structure of the roof, as well as rain collection and solar hot water, can reach the one-star standard of national green architecture.
本项目曾荣获 2021意大利 A' DESIGN AWARD & COMPETITION 设计大奖赛BRONZE AWARD 铜奖、2018年第四届深圳建筑设计奖（已建成）二等奖、2018年第十八届深圳市优秀工程勘察设计奖三等奖、2016年深圳市第二届优秀建筑创作（施工图）二等奖。
2021 Italian a 'Design Award & Competition Bronze Award. the second prize of the fourth Shenzhen Architectural Design Award (completed) in 2018. the third prize of the 18th Shenzhen excellent engineering survey and Design Award in 2018 and the second prize of the second Shenzhen excellent architectural creation (construction drawing) in 2016.
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