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面对种族歧视事件,建筑公司与行业机构怎么说?

面对种族歧视事件,建筑公司与行业机构怎么说?
编辑:崔婧 | 2020.06.03 18:30
抗议活动现场 ©Steve Mellon/Pittsburgh Post-Gazette via AP

2020年5月25日,非裔美国人乔治·弗洛伊德(George Perry Floyd)于美国明尼苏达州被白人警察德里克·肖万(Derek Michael Chauvin)逮捕,并被跪压颈部致死。该事件因涉及种族歧视议题,在全美引起轩然大波,并在全球引发了热议。Instagram上发起了以#BlackOutTuesday与#BlackLivesMatter为主题的抗议活动,表达对于有色人种的声援,吸引了全球人士的广泛参与。

 

KPF、Morphosis等建筑公司,以及美国建筑师学会、美国少数族裔建筑师组织等行业机构,就此事表达了立场,谴责种族歧视现象,呼吁消除偏见,并反思“建筑师在保护公众健康、安全与福祉方面的专业责任”

 

以下节选了部分声明:

 

 

建筑公司

(按英文首字母排序)

 

KPF:

 

近日来,明尼阿波利斯执法人员蓄意杀害乔治·弗洛伊德的消息令我们震惊不已。这一事件是如此残忍,我们想知道这样的行为怎么会发生在一个文明社会。虽然我们离现场很远,但我们觉得有必要大声抗议。

In recent days, we have been shaken to the core by news of the deliberate killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis law enforcement officers. This event was so brutal, it has made us wonder how such an act can take place in a civilized society. Though we are far from the scene, we feel compelled to speak out in protest.

 

我们生活在一个暴力歧视行为非常普遍的国家。作为一群专业人士,我们每天都在努力使我们的城市变得开放和繁荣,我们不能沉默地站在一边。KPF正在向法律援助协会和NAACP等组织捐款,NAACP致力于捍卫非裔美国人群体和其他有色人种群体的权利。

We live in a nation where violent discriminatory acts have been all too common. As a group of professionals who strive every day to make our cities places of openness and prosperity for all, we cannot stand by in silence. KPF is donating to legal aid societies and groups such as the NAACP focused on defending the rights of the African American community and other communities of color.

 

特别是现在,在新冠肺炎威胁着全世界之际,由乔治·弗洛伊德、艾哈迈德·阿尔贝里、布伦娜·泰勒和其他许多人被谋杀所引发的危机尤其具有破坏性,并可能使我们失去希望。更重要的是,我们应寻求建设性的方式,播下和平与谅解的种子,努力通过建成环境的逐步设计来促进社会平等。

Especially now, as the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic threaten our societies worldwide, the crisis sparked by the murders of George Floyd, Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor and too many others is especially damaging, and threatens to leave us without hope. It is all the more important that we look for constructive ways to sow seeds of peace and understanding and strive to achieve social equality through the progressive design of the built environment.

 

 

Morphosis:

 

适可而止吧。

Enough is enough.⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣

 

制度的不公正再一次被清楚地呈现出来。我们对于乔治·弗洛伊德、布雷纳·泰勒、阿默德·阿伯里和无数其他人因为不公正而导致的死亡表示谴责。与此同时,我们与抗议者站在一起,他们发出绝望的声音,要求进行当下亟需的变革。⁣⁣⁣⁣

Once again institutionalized injustices are being made plainly explicit. We condemn the unjust deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery and countless others as we stand in solidarity with the protestors whose voices of despair are demanding the changes we so desperately need now. ⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣⁣

 

我们鼓励你在此期间发声、捐赠、倾听、研究、⁣投票。
We encourage you to take this time to raise your voices, to donate, to listen, to do your research, and to VOTE.⁣

 

Morphosis在Instagram上发布的图片

 

OMA:

 

对乔治·弗洛伊德和艾哈迈德·阿尔贝里毫无意义的谋杀发生在光天化日之下,在公共场所。布伦娜·泰勒被枪杀在自己床上。

The senseless murders of George Floyd and Ahmaud Arbery took place in the broad light of day—in public. Breonna Taylor was gunned down in the privacy of her own bed.⁣⁣


他们的死亡提醒我们,黑人在我们的街道上,甚至在家里都面临着恐怖。⁣⁣⁣⁣
Their deaths have been a horrific reminder of the terror that black men and women face in our streets and even at home.⁣⁣ ⁣⁣


我们明确地支持并继续参与对于种族偏见和制度性歧视的斗争。⁣⁣
We unequivocally support the continuing struggle against the realities of racial bias and systemic discrimination.⁣⁣


⁣⁣我们与所有为种族公正而战的人站在一起。
We stand together with all those fighting for racial justice.

 

 

Sasaki,事务所CEO James Miner:

 

(Sasaki向“Black Lives Matter”运动捐款1万美元。)这一积极的举措是向美国种族主义发起挑战的第一步。有色人种正在受到人们对种族歧视不作为的威胁。Sasaki绝不会成为其中的一员。

(Sasaki donated $10,000 to Black Lives Matter.) It's a first step in taking an even more active role in challenging racism in America. Communities of color are being threatened by inaction by those who have the capacity to help. Sasaki will not be counted among them.

 

 

SOM:

 

作为建筑师、设计师和工程师,作为人类,我们与我们的黑人同事、黑人群体和所有有色人种站在一起,为正义和平等而战。种族主义在我们的文化中没有立足之地,我们明确谴责一切形式的种族主义。我们社会的结构,所有人生而平等的基本承诺,需要得到恢复。我们有责任发声,并参与解决问题。

As architects, designers, and engineers – as human beings – we stand with our Black Colleagues, the Black Community and all People of Color in the fight for justice and equality. Racism has no place in our culture, and we unequivocally condemn it in all forms. The fabric of our society, the founding promise that all humans are created equal, needs to be restored and it is our responsibility to raise our voices and be part of the solution.

 

我们支持美国少数族裔建筑师组织和他们关于种族不公正的深刻声明。与此同时,我们在内心进行反思,向自己提出尖锐的问题,探索如何才能更好地管理我们的社区,以及环境设计如何能够促进种族公正、社会福利和公平。

We support the National Organization of Minority Architects (NOMA | @nomanational) and their profound statement – Public Statement Regarding Racial Injustice. At the same time, we reflect internally, ask ourselves hard questions, and explore how we can become better stewards for our communities – and how the design environment can contribute to the betterment of racial justice, social welfare and equity.

 

我们将努力:

- 促进平等机会;

- 增加(立场)表达;

- 直面种族偏见;

- 推进职业发展,更好地反映社会现实。

We will fight to:
-Foster Equal Opportunity
-Increase Representation
-Confront Racial Bias
-Advance Our Professions to Better Reflect Our Communities

 

James Corner Field Operations在Instagram上引用的马丁·路德·金的言论:任何地方的不公不义,都威胁着所有地方的公平正义。

 

建筑机构

 

美国建筑师学会,2020AIA主席Jane Frederick:

 

作为美国人,我们铭记着这个国家种族不平等的黑暗历史。我们对进一步威胁每个人都应得到的普遍尊重和尊严的任何行动感到震惊。作为建筑师,我们致力于推进公民权利保护、公平的住房政策和可及性,以帮助我们联合起来,建设更好的世界。机构在160多年以来,并不总是觉得有必要分享我们的观点。但是,我们所处的时代,我们所目睹的事件的可怕性质,以及每个社会成员所能够扮演的角色,都要求我们大声疾呼。

As Americans, we are mindful of this nation’s dark history of racial inequality. We are appalled by any actions that further threaten the universal respect and human dignity that everyone deserves. As architects, we remain committed to advancing civil rights protections, fair housing policies, and accessibility in the built world to help achieve the more perfect union we all seek. The fact is that architects and AIA, in our more than 160-year history, have not always felt compelled to share our perspectives. But the times we live in, the horrific nature of the events we witness, and the role we see for every member of our society demands that we speak out.

 

 

美国少数族裔建筑师组织,2019—2020年NOMA主席Kimberly Dowdell:

 

我们国家的空气中弥漫着深切的悲痛和绝望。我们共同的空气是如此的厚重,以至于很难呼吸。我们都在奋力呼吸空气,与此同时,我们都在应对一场全球流行病,以及一种被称为种族主义的致命且无处不在的病毒,这种病毒已经困扰了美国四个多世纪。

The air in our nation is thick with a profound sense of grief and despair. Our collective air is so very thick that it’s literally hard to breathe. We struggle to grasp for air as we all navigate a global pandemic coupled with the deadly and pervasive virus called racism that has plagued America for over four centuries.

 

作为美国少数族裔建筑师组织,我们要求我们的成员和更广泛的专业群体谴责种族主义,并在消除种族偏见中表现积极作用。种族歧视涉及大量的社会、经济、健康问题,甚至导致少数族裔生命的损失。作为建筑师,我们的专业与责任是保护公众的健康、安全和福利。受种族主义影响的人所导致的悲剧已经困扰了几代人。

As the National Organization of Minority Architects (NOMA), we are calling on our members and our broader professional community to condemn racism and take an active role in eliminating the racial biases that account for a myriad of social, economic, and health disparities, and most importantly, result in the loss of human lives – Black lives. As architects, we are professionally responsible for protecting the health, safety and welfare of the public. The tragic execution of Black Americans at the hands of people infected by racism has plagued our nation for generations.

 

美国少数族裔建筑师组织旨在将种族对于职业的影响降至最小。

NOMA was formed for the purpose of minimizing the effect of racism on our profession.

 

该组织的最新使命声明如下:

 

NOMA的使命植根于丰富的行动主义底蕴中,其宗旨是通过拓展、社区宣传、专业发展和卓越设计,使组织的本地分会和会员能够在有色人种群体中促进正义和公平。

NOMA’s mission, rooted in a rich legacy of activism, is to empower our local chapters and membership to foster justice and equity in communities of color through outreach, community advocacy, professional development and design excellence.

 

NOMA的宣言  ©NOMA

 

美国国家历史保护基金会,主席Paul Edmondson:

 

美国国家历史保护基金会作出承诺,要确保我们自己的工作反映出历史和文化中每一个美国人的平等价值。

The National Trust for Historic Preservation has made a commitment as an institution to ensure that our own work reflects the equal value of every single American in our history and in our culture.

 

我们相信,保护历史遗迹可以帮助讲述难以启齿的完整历史,保护非裔美国人对国家的重要贡献,使人们了解真相、与之和解,并将遗产发扬光大。这些都将在弥合我们国家的分歧时发挥重要作用。

We believe that historic preservation can play a critical role in acknowledging and healing the divisions in our nation, by telling the full story of our often-difficult history, by elevating and preserving the enormous and important contributions African Americans have made to our nation, and by carrying that powerful legacy forward through places of truth and reconciliation.

 

 

美国景观设计师协会,主席Wendy Miller:


作为景观设计师,我们努力确保所有人都有权利在他们生活、工作和学习的地方,公平地获得环境和社区福利。现在是我们帮助确保人们在生活的各个方面获得平等待遇的时候了。

As landscape architects, we work to ensure that all persons have the right to equitable access to environmental and community benefits in the places they live, work, and learn. Now is the time for us to work to help ensure that these communities have fair and equitable treatment in all aspects of life.

 

 

美国规划协会,董事:

 

弗洛伊德先生的死亡所带来的影响和其他类似的最近的严重不公,必须与历史上非裔美国人群体所受到的创伤对照来看,包括一直持续到现在的规划职业上的歧视,及其导致的在住房、交通、教育和就业上的结构性问题。

The impact of Mr. Floyd's death and other recent grave injustices like it must be viewed in light of the historical trauma inflicted on African American communities, including discrimination wrought by the planning profession itself, which led to structural disadvantages in housing, transportation, education and employment that last to this day.

 

美国规划协会认识到这一现实,并致力于在所有规划过程中以公平为中心,以实现我们为所有人创建伟大社区的使命。

APA recognizes this reality and is working to center equity in all planning processes in keeping with our mission of creating great communities for all. 

 

 

英国皇家建筑师协会:

 

英国皇家建筑师协会谴责歧视、仇恨和暴力。黑人的生命同样重要。
RIBA condemns discrimination, hate and violence. Black Lives Matter.

 

泰特美术馆在Instagram的#BlackLivesMatter下发布的图片,该画作是向1993年在种族主义袭击中被谋杀的伦敦少年斯蒂芬·劳伦斯致敬。作者Chris Ofili, No Woman, No Cry, 1998, ©Chris Ofili, courtesy Victoria Miro, London

本文由有方编辑整理,欢迎转发,禁止以有方编辑版本转载。图片版权归原作者或来源机构所有。若有涉及任何版权问题,请及时和我们联系,我们将尽快妥善处理。联系电话:0755-86148369;邮箱info@archiposition.com

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