Jinshanling Academy started from the continuation of the Great Wall, which is the most Chinese cultural imagery. The dialogue between the academy and the Great Wall on the space-time level implies a metaphorical relationship of context. As for the specific operational form, the project itself has a very strong axis relationship and contemporary tonality. At the same time, it integrates the relation of classical garden scattered architecture and the site to form a quality space with traditional oriental ritual feeling.
The whole project is divided into three phases from the plane relation: The first phase is the variation of the space of the Chinese traditional Verandah, which is close to the garden itself, and produces the secularized spatial experience under the condition of free pleasure and wandering. There is a spacious and unique central courtyard in the middle, and then forms a series of moving things along the Verandah, forming a continuous and pictorial spatial continuum.
In the process of passing through the wall and courtyard system, the light and shadow are changing, the depth of the space is also changing. Therefore, on this level, it is also a response to the space experience of Oriental courtyard culture. Throughout the system, people move from a sense of openness, repression, then openness, repression, finally openness once more, in the form of an indoor, outdoor, semi-indoor space. This series of spaces combines the order of wander and the exploration of experience in layers. It slowly unfolds to the visitor a long scroll of scattered perspective, interwoven with space and time. This long scroll is intended to present to the audience a progressive experience in the narrative level.
Secondly, a series of cracks in the walls contain a state of homage to the Chinese religious space, similar to the experience of claustrophobic spaces in eastern cultural architectures such as the prayer hall in Wudang Mountains and Kiyomizu-dera in Kyoto. So, the experience of changing light and shadow through the cracks in the wall carries a response to the sense of ritual. The scenes of the water and mountains in the cracks appear as the way of emotional placement. Through the interludes between the walls, including the valley space with the triangular wall facing the mountain, and the box in the crack -- the Meditation Room corresponds to the Guanyin pavilion on the mountain. Through the transformation of the wall people finally enter the main space of the academy-the Hall and the Reception Hall. In the final organization of these spaces, there is also a sense of connection between the double-wall system and the wall-courtyard system.
The interior design also applies to the overall movement and spatial organization of the architecture and planning. Through the comparison of the texture of materials and the relationship between the building space, the team tries to embody the interior space with Chinese contemporaneity and space-time displacement. Meanwhile, through the design of water reflection and elevation level, it generates a response that contrasts with the narrative space and creates a series of Chinese tonal space feeling and atmosphere.
In addition, the project undertakes the interface of urbanization on the one hand, and the interface related to water and mountain scenery on the other hand. The transformation and penetration of the line of sight between two interfaces as well as the interposition of the functional blocks between them form a large spatial structure framework of the whole system—entering from the eastern part of the block, along the space of the veranda, producing a series of echoes to the mountains, the echoes of the Great Wall, the echo of the water surface, and the sense of depth in some internal space. When arriving at the west side of the veranda, the whole state of the walk was cut off by a wall, which divides the main space of the academy into two. It is a metaphor for Chinese cultural territory, which indicates the dichotomy between traditional farming culture and grassland culture. The wall itself also responds to the spatial imagery and morphological features of the Great Wall on the cultural map. The Great Wall is a boundary, the grassland culture in the north, and the farming culture in the south form the cultural map of China. This is also the metaphor and connotation of this academy project's cognition of the China's "World Viewpoint".
The wall itself and the floating free volumes are very contemporary, including the tectonic culture drawn from the intention of the Great Wall. The Great Wall is a brick wall. The spatial characteristics embodied in this tectonic culture are like a dragon drifting away. It is also hoped to embody this feeling in the wall space, from the two sides of the wall and some gaps and the way through the hole in the wall, including the floating sense of the body block. It has a relationship with the river and the Cloud Pavilion on the mountain. The combination of intentions organized by these spaces reorganize the cultural symbols such as the Great Wall, the Beacon Tower, and even the tectonic cultural system.
The design tried to avoid any simple symbolic expression. For the traditional symbolic expression, it is more about the insertion of the spatial experience, that is, the feeling of empathy, rather than the purely symbolic and superficial way of reading. This is a new way of deconstructing the structure of the Great Wall. This is the idea that the two systems merge and superimpose each other on the level of construction and the level of thoughts.
Project Category: Cultural Building
Project Area: 4062m2
Design Time: 2017
Project Location: Chengde, China
Owner Unit: Yango Group Co. Ltd Beijing Office
Design Team: RSAA/ Büro Ziyu Zhuang
Principal Architect: Ziyu Zhuang, Na Li, Zhengdong Qi
Architectural Design: Xiaoqing Liu, Jing Li, Shuo Sun, Hongyu Fan, Yuhao Zheng (intern)
Interior Design: Xin Zhao, Kunyu Zhu, Xinhui Xie, Jing Li, Anran Yu (intern), Yuke Qin (intern), Boey (intern), Zhaoyue Zhang (intern), Tianyi Hang (intern), Mingjing Zhang (intern)
Lighting Consultant: IDDI Lighting Consultants
Landscape Design Team: China Architecture Design & Research Group Commercial Landscape Design Team