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编辑:原源 | 2023.07.14 14:54

Pre-announcement | Reinventing Housing in the South: Competition for Public Housing Design of Jiangong Community in Shenzhen Nanshan


Competition Preface


Housing is always one of the core topics of modern and contemporary architecture. Le Corbusier considered it the "substance" of the city. Housing and monuments are defined by Aldo Rossi as the two main permanences in the city: "monuments" are primary elements which are persistent and distinguished from housing, the other primary element shaping the "fabric" of the city.

集合住宅设计的重大成就,往往构成建筑学发展的重要节点。二十世纪一系列集合住宅展,成为现当代建筑史的里程碑。1920年代德国斯图加特的魏森霍夫住宅展(Weißenhofsiedlung),向世人清晰展示:现代建筑正在成长为一场影响全人类生活的“运动”;1980年代德国柏林的IBA国际建筑展(International Building Exhibition),有力推动了后现代城市与建筑思潮在后冷战时代的广泛传播;1990年代由矶崎新邀请当时国际一流建筑师共同建设的日本福冈香椎集合住宅(Nexus World Housing),借日本经济腾飞的动力,推动了世界建筑的密切交流;千禧年后德国汉堡的IBA国际建筑展,则明确提出低廉、环保、智能等命题,十分契合当下时代精神。与此同时,广义上建筑文化发展强劲的区域,往往也是集合住宅设计创新集中迸发的地方,比如战后重建中的欧洲和日本,以及摆脱殖民统治、自主发展的南美和印度。

The major achievements in housing design constitute important nodes in the history of architecture. A series of housing exhibitions and development in the twentieth century have become milestones of modern and contemporary architectural history. In the 1920s, the Weissenhof Estate (Weißenhofsiedlung) in Stuttgart, Germany showed clearly to the world that: Modern architecture is growing into a "movement" affecting the lives of all human beings. In 1980s, the IBA (International Building Exhibition) in Berlin, Germany strongly promoted the spread of post-modern urbanism and architectural trends in the post-Cold War era. In the 1990s, Arata Isozaki invited world-leading architects of the time to build the Nexus World Housing in Fukuoka, Japan. Leveraging the power of Japan's economic boom, it contributed to close communication of architecture across the world. After the millennium, the IBA in Hamburg, Germany put forward the topics of low-cost, environmentally friendly and intelligent housing, reflecting the spirit of the times. Meanwhile, in a broad sense, areas with strong architectural culture development are often the places where housing design innovations burst out, for example, Europe and Japan both under post-war reconstruction, and South America and India, which became independent from colonial rules.


Needless to say, except for the architectural cultural environment, the national housing policy is a decisive factor, which has a fundamental impact on public housing design. Why do innovations in public housing emerge in Northern Europe and Singapore? High welfare policies in residence, the government's attention to public housing which is considered a product as well as culture, respect and encouragement for design innovations in housing, etc. are the reasons.


After more than 30 years of rapid development in the marketization and commercialization of housing, today, public housing developed and supplied by the government, as the means to balance the housing market and promote social equity, is becoming a focus and direction of exploration in China's housing reform again. A number of excellent public housing cases have been built in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, etc. They reflected the urban social issues and residential design problems, and had proved to the world that: excellent spatial quality and innovation on typology can be achieved in public housing even on the basis of satisfying quantity, restrict indices and cost limitation.


In this context, Reinventing Housing in the South: Competition for Public Housing Design of Jiangong Community in Shenzhen Nanshan will be launched soon.



Reinventing Housing in the South: Competition for Public Housing Design of Jiangong Community in Shenzhen Nanshan is organized by the Bureau of Public Works of Nanshan District, Shenzhen, and co-organized by Position Architecture Co., Ltd, Shenzhen. The original purpose of this competition is "to equip public housing with the power to influence society". As a pilot project in Shenzhen to explore a new model for public housing, the competition will try to break the constraint of the traditional commercial housing development model on architectural design. The competition will give full play to the public and social characteristics of the project, because it is a public development as well as the affordable housing. It is hoped that through this competition, a public housing design scheme which is open, comfortable for living, with humanity and has Shenzhen's city imprint will be selected for this project. And the project will be built into a precedent for high-density residences and public communities in southern China.


The competition will provide architects with ample freedom for creation and design. It is believed that the forward-looking design will become the core driving force for housing reform and innovation. The official competition announcement will be released soon. Design teams all around the world are welcome to pre-register for material download.



In 2021, the completion of Baiziwan Public Rental Housing aroused another heated discussions on public housing and decent living in China. The architect Ma Yansong proposed eight new goals to tackle on the current problems of Chinese housing and what is "ideal living" in the Le Residentiel Réinventé. He called on architects, those with the most humanistic spirit, and those who pursue design and individuality, to devote themselves to this new housing movement.


This competition draws on the concepts put forward in the Le Residentiel Réinventé and combines local housing policies, population characteristics and urban environment to explore "new housing" designs with more southern/Shenzhen characteristics. Based on this, the theme of this competition is "Reinventing Housing in the South". These design principles shall be followed:



The Living Comfort in High Density



High density is the reality of Shenzhen's urban environment. Existing spatial strategies such as three-dimensional blocks, mixed-use development and shared communities, etc., as well as any new solutions, shall pursue breakthrough at the humanistic level to achieve the balance between high density and comfortable living.



Practical Publicness



With a higher standard of social services and a better public environment, the design shall create real public interactions instead of spaces that only "look public".



Inclusion and Social Equity



As a typical immigrant city, Shenzhen’s residential community needs to accommodate the uniqueness and richness of individuals, so that residents can feel fairness and find a sense of belonging. Interpret social equity as an architectural issue and seek answers from the perspectives of spatial design.



Open Block



Bring multiple business formats inside. Activate the near-ground spaces of a high-rise residential community with systematic strategies, create an all-weather open block with a "living atmosphere", and integrate into urban life.



Being Refreshing and Good-Looking



Considering the impact of the project on the city landscape, the design shall create a refreshing and high-quality architectural appearance among the buildings in Shenzhen at a limited cost.



Low-Carbon with "Low-Tech"



Green and low-carbon is not a fashionable slogan. The design should improve the quality of architectural spaces in accordance with local conditions including the Lingnan climate, and achieve low-carbon with "low-tech" through simple strategies.



Plenty of Flexible Spaces



The design should provide more possibilities for individuals to use the space creatively and spontaneously. The design should provide more high-quality flexible spaces.



The project site consists of 2 plots (Plot 05-02, Plot 05-04), which should be planned and designed as a whole, but the technical economic indices of the 2 plots should be separately calculated.


The project is located in the Nantou Sub-district of Nanshan District, Shenzhen, at the border of Nanshan District and Bao'an District. It is adjacent to Jiangong Community Affordable Housing (Phase I), Guangzhou-Shenzhen Expressway and Zhongshanyuan Rd. The total site area of the project is about 51168 square meters. The project contains public rental housing, commerce, and supporting facilities including a kindergarten with 18 classes, an express delivery station, and a bus terminal station, etc.


△ 项目区位图 ©有方

Project Location ©POSITION


基地视频 ©有方

Site Video ©POSITION

基地区位图 ©有方

Site Location ©POSITION

周边用地规划图 ©有方

Surrounding Land Use Planning Diagram ©POSITION



The site area of Plot 05-02 is about 32315 square meters, and the FAR is 6.0. The tentative total investment is RMB 2196.25 million, of which the construction and installation fee is RMB 1775.03 million.


The site area of Plot 05-04 is about 18853 square meters, and the FAR is 6.0. The tentative total investment is RMB 1281.28 million, of which the construction and installation fee is RMB 1032.42 million.


基地示意图(西南向东北视角) ©有方

Site Diagram (Southwest to Northeast) ©POSITION

基地示意图(正南北视角) ©有方

Site Diagram (North to South) ©POSITION

基地示意图(西北向东南视角) ©有方

Site Diagram (Northwest to Southeast) ©POSITION



Scan the QR code below to see the panorama of the site.

△ 链接 Link:




The competition is an open call for design schemes and teams all around the world. The competition consists of 3 phases which are the concept proposal, design competition, and final evaluation.


竞赛流程图示 ©有方

Competition Procedure Diagram ©POSITION




Phase I: Concept Proposal Phase



The applicant shall submit a concept proposal and the Company Profile & Credit Files. The concept proposal should be limited to A3 booklets with 10 single-sided printed pages and 2 pieces of A1 presentation boards. The content should focus on the key strategies on the project's complex problems. Over-commercialized renderings are not encouraged. The review of Phase I consists of two steps.



Step I: The review materials will be "anonymous". The Concept Proposal Review Committee will only review the valid concept proposals, and select 10 applicants (with ranking) to enter Step II by open ballot (round-by-round voting).



Step II: The review materials will be "non-anonymous". The Concept Proposal Review Committee will comprehensively review the materials from the 10 applicants selected in Step I. The materials include concept proposals, project experiences and proposed design team members. The concept proposal will be dominant, while the team and the experiences will be auxiliary. The committee will select 5 shortlisted applicants (without ranking) and 2 alternative applicants (with ranking) by open ballot (round-by-round voting). The shortlisted applicants will enter Phase II. If any of the shortlisted applicants withdraw, the alternative applicants will replace in ranking order.



Phase II: Design Competition Phase



In Phase II, the review materials will be "non-anonymous". The shortlisted applicants will go to a site visit, on which they will also communicate with the competent authority, the construction department, and the operator, before they submit a complete concept design. A presentation and Q&A session will be held, then the Scheme Review Committee will select 3 finalists (without ranking) and 2 Shortlisted Prize winners (without ranking) by open ballot (round-by-round voting). The finalists will enter Phase III. The Shortlisted Prize winners will receive corresponding prize money.



Phase III: Final Evaluation Phase



The organizer will select 1 First Prize, 1 Second Prize and 1 Third Prize from the finalists. The winner of different prizes will receive corresponding awards.

* 各阶段竞赛结果将在“有方空间”微信公众号、本次竞赛项目主页等平台公布。

The competition results of each phase will be published on WeChat official account "youfang502", and the project homepage, etc.


1. 本次竞赛不设资质要求。

There is no qualification requirement.

2. 境内参赛申请人(参赛单位)应具有独立法人资格(依照《中华人民共和国合伙企业法》合伙设立的设计事务所除外),并提供有效的营业执照;境外(含港澳台地区)参赛申请人(参赛单位)应为合法注册的企业或机构,并提供有效的商业登记证明。不接受个人或个人组合的报名。

The domestic applicant (company) should be an independent legal entity (except for a design studio established according to The Partnership Enterprise Law of the People's Republic of China) with a valid business license. The overseas (including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) applicant (company) should be a legal enterprise or institution with a valid business registration certificate. An individual or a group of individuals is not accepted.

3. 参赛单位可单独作为参赛申请人报名,或与其他参赛单位组成联合体参赛申请人(以下简称联合体)报名。联合体须符合以下要求:

A company could apply alone as an applicant, or form a consortium applicant (Hereinafter referred to as consortium) with other companies. The consortium should meet the following requirements:


One consortium consists of no more than 3 members (including the leading member).



The consortium members should sign a legal Consortium Agreement provided in the Work Rules, to specify the work content, work distribution and equity share.


Each member of the consortium should not apply alone or participate in another consortium, otherwise, all relevant applications will be deemed invalid.

4. 法定代表人(合伙人)为同一个人的两个及两个以上的企业或机构,母公司及其全资子公司,相互有控股关系的公司,视为同一参赛单位,不得同时以多个参赛申请人名义报名。

Two or more legal entities with the same legal representative (business partner), a parent company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and companies that have a controlling relationship shall be regarded as the same applicant and should not apply as different applicants at the same time.

5. 参赛申请人(联合体)须在报名材料中指定1名项目负责人、1—2名主创设计师。

The applicant (consortium) should designate 1 project leader and 1 or 2 chief designers in the application document.

6. 针对境外参赛单位的特别提醒:为保障后续沟通及方案技术性指标符合国内规范,进入本次竞赛第二阶段时,入围参赛申请人(联合体)中须至少包含1家境内参赛单位。

Special notes for an overseas company: To ensure the follow-up communication and that the technical indices of the scheme will meet the domestic standards, the shortlisted applicant (consortium) should consist of at least 1 domestic company when entering Phase II of the competition.


The overseas applicant who is not able to meet the requirement above should form a new consortium with 1 domestic company to participate in the follow-up phases before submitting the Confirmation Letter. The applicant who meets the requirement above will not be allowed to add or change the consortium member.


Only 1 domestic company will be allowed to be added to the new consortium. In Phase II, one consortium consists of no more than 3 members in total.


The shortlisted company that has applied alone should be the leading member of the new consortium. The shortlisted applicant that has applied as a consortium must keep the original leading member unchanged. The project leader and the chief designer(s) should be kept unchanged.


Note: To ensure that the applicant has an accurate understanding of the competition requirements, at least 1 of the main design team members should be a native Chinese speaker. The designer participating in this competition should be the registered staff of the company to which he/she belongs. The project leader / chief designer must be truly responsible for the project, and participate in the whole process of the competition. The organizer has the right to disqualify the applicant if it is found that the actual project leader / chief designers do not match the persons submitted in the application materials.



* 一等奖获奖申请人将获得奖金200万元人民币(含税),原则上为合同中选申请人(以下简称中选申请人),后续将与本项目设计总包单位签订设计合同。设计合同工作内容和设计费计费规则详见后文。竞赛奖金由深圳市南山区建筑工务署支付,中选申请人与设计总包单位最终签订设计合同的设计费将扣除已获得的奖金。

The First Prize winner will receive the prize money of RMB 2 million (tax inclusive). In principle, the First Prize winner will be the contract winner (Hereinafter referred to as the winner), who will subsequently sign a design contract with the general design contractor of the project. The work contents of the design contract and the calculation rules of the design fee are provided below. The prize money will be paid by the Bureau of Public Works of Nanshan District, Shenzhen. The prize money already received will be subtracted from the design fee of the design contract signed by the winner and the general design contractor.




Work Contents of the Design Contract



The work contents of the design contract cover the schematic design and the architectural design development within the site boundaries, which includes:

1. 方案设计;

Schematic design;

2. 建筑单专业初步设计;

Architectural design development;

3. 标准套型及重要公共空间的室内概念设计;

Conceptual interior design of standard unit types and important public spaces;

4. 景观概念设计;

Conceptual landscape design;

5. 其他专业初步设计及施工图设计配合,施工配合及效果把控,配合报批报建;

Cooperating in the design development of other professions, construction drawings, project construction, controlling the effect and cooperating in applications for official design development and construction approvals;

6. 主创设计师在后续设计深化及施工过程中提供必要的方案品质保障(主创设计师负责制),包括但不限于:

The chief designer should provide necessary project quality assurance in the process of design development and construction (Chief Designer Responsibility System), which includes but is not limited to:


The chief designer is responsible for the design of the key architectural details which affect the effect of the building;


The chief designer is responsible for checking all construction drawings and special design results that affect the overall effect of the building, such as architectural design, interior design, landscape, curtain wall, lighting, signage, etc. The chief designer should sign to confirm;


The chief designer is responsible for the selection and sampling of important materials, should assist in solving technical problems during construction, and ensure high-quality implementation of the design scheme.


The work contents shall be subject to the design contract finally signed.



Design Fee



The design fee of the 2 plots should be calculated separately. The contract design fee is calculated according to the tentative construction and installation fee of each plot as the billing base. The construction and installation fee approved in the estimate document will be the final billing base during project settlement. The calculation rules are as follows: The basic design fee of the project is calculated according to the "Engineering Survey and Design Charge Standard" (price [2002] No. 10) formulated by the State Development Planning Commission and the Ministry of Construction. The total basic design fee of the project is calculated with the coefficient of specialty as 1, the coefficient of engineering complexity as 1.15, and the additional adjustment coefficient as 1. This contract design fee shall be 40% of the total basic design fee of each plot.


Based on the tentative construction and installation fee of Plot 05-02 which is RMB 1775.03 million, the contract design fee is RMB 18.34 million.


Based on the tentative construction and installation fee of Plot 05-04 which is RMB 1032.42 million, the contract design fee is RMB 11.32 million.


The total design fee of the 2 plots is RMB 29.66 million.


If the first prize winner has already received the prize money, the design fee of the contract finally signed will be calculated according to the rules above and the prize money will be subtracted. The design fee will be subject to that finally approved by the audit department.



The official announcement of the competition will be released soon. Design teams all around the world are welcome to pre-register for material download. Competition materials will be only sent to applicants that have successfully pre-registered.


The following materials are required for the pre-registration for material download (JPG, within 5MB):

1. 营业执照/商业登记证明复印件(加盖公章)扫描件

Scanned Copy of Business License / Business Registration Certificate (with an Official Stamp)

2. 项目联系人身份证/护照复印件(加盖公章)扫描件

Scanned Copy of the Project Contact Person's ID / Passport (with an Official Stamp)


For design teams who intend to participate, please scan the QR code or visit the link below to pre-register for material download. Please fill in accurate information so that the co-organizer will inform you of updates on the competition in time.


Once the official competition announcement is released, the download link of the competition materials including the Work Rules and the Design Brief, etc. will be sent to the companies of which the pre-registration for material download is approved.


The deadline for material download will be subject to the official announcement.


链接 Link:




The pre-registration for material download is NOT an official application. The applicant should still complete the official application and the application documents submission according to the official announcement and the relevant documents.


For all information the official announcement shall prevail. If there is any discrepancy between Chinese and English information, the Chinese version shall prevail.


主办单位 Organizer


Bureau of Public Works of Nanshan District, Shenzhen

策划代理 Co-organizer


Position Architecture Co., Ltd, Shenzhen

项目主页 Project Homepage


咨询邮箱 Inquiry Email


咨询电话/微信 Inquiry Phone/WeChat

林先生 Mr. LIN,+86-18038132407

陈女士 Ms. CHEN,+86-19129915597

* 咨询时间:工作日9:00—12:00,13:30—18:30(北京时间)

Inquiry Hours: 9:00-12:00, 13:30-18:30 on Workdays (UTC+8)





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