设计单位 Steven Holl Architects
On the historic campus of Franklin & Marshall College, the new Winter Visual Arts Building takes shape as a raised pavilion formed by the site’s 200-year old trees, the oldest elements of the campus. A new campus destination for all students, the building’s spaces aim to evoke the creative energy involved in teaching and making art.
对于Steven Holl而言，对新温特视觉艺术中心的初步设想，是本杰明·富兰克林在一个下雨、雷击的夜晚第一次尝试利用电力时所借助的风筝。Steven Holl最初的草图就像一只挂在树上的风筝，这是一个有趣的开始。
A first reflection of the new Winter Visual Arts Building for Franklin & Marshall College led Steven Holl to remember Benjamin Franklin's kite on the rainy and thunderstruck night when he first harnessed electricity. Steven Holl's initial sketches of a building like a kite stuck in the trees were a playful beginning.
The college's fifty-two-acre campus is an arboretum of more than one thousand trees. On further study SHA realized that these great trees are the oldest and most prominent geometric force characterizing this special place. We thought of the geometry of trees as a way to give shape to the new arts building. Instead of echoing the rectangular block of the former arts building, the new pavilion takes its shape from the inflection of the diameters of those large campus trees. The kite-in-the-trees sketch then had a much stronger conceptual grounding in the specifics of the site.
The lightweight, two-story ‘box-kite’ steel frame sits on two ground floor concrete rectangles to create the dramatic cantilevers and arced geometry with precision and economy. Its main floor is lifted into the trees on a porous ground level open to the campus and adjacent Buchanan Park.
The Winter Visual Arts Building is currently in use by students as the Franklin & Marshall campus has opened for the academic year. The building, embodying SHA’s design philosophy, naturally adapts to COVID necessities such as social distancing and fresh air. It offers generous social/circulation space, with two main entries on different levels that enable one-way flow when needed, abundant daylight to all rooms, natural ventilation, and outdoor terraces. The architecture is deeply connected to its verdant, park-like campus setting, a restorative place within nature.
The reflections of the hovering building at night glowing in the water of a large reflecting pool add to the special articulation of this place.
SHA was commissioned to design the Winter Visual Arts Building in 2016, with the benefaction of a lead gift by Franklin & Marshall Trustee Benjamin J. Winter (Class of 1967) and his wife Susan.
Building Area: 33,000 square feet
Ground floor: forum, exhibition galleries, sculpture studios, and yard
B-level: photo, film and video studios
Second floor: studios for drawing, painting, woodworking, design, and printmaking, and a cinema organized around student commons
Mezzanine: faculty studios, seminar rooms, and a balcony in the trees
Sustainable features: Double layer U Plank with Okalux translucent insulation
Operable windows and skylights at every studio
Natural light to all studios
Radiant floor provides heating and cooling
Reflecting pool doubles as stormwater overflow
All existing trees preserved on site
Structure: Cast in place exposed concrete walls basement & ground floor
Steel ‘box-kite’ truss system above ground floor
Exposed curved steel tubes at roof w/ tongue and groove wood plank deck
client: Franklin & Marshall College
architect: Steven Holl Architects
Steven Holl (design architect, principal)
Chris McVoy (partner in charge)
Garrick Ambrose (project architect, senior associate)
Carolina Cohen Freue (assistant project architect)
Dominik Sigg, Marcus Carter, Elise Riley, Michael Haddy,
Hannah LaSota (project team)
project manager: Casali Group, Inc., Thomas Murray and Franklin & Marshall College, Sheldon Wenger
structural engineers: Silman Associates
MEP engineers: ICOR Associates
civil engineers: David Miller Associates
climate engineers: Transsolar
landscape architects: Hollander Design
façade consultants: Knippers Helbig Advanced Engineering
lighting consultants: L’Observatoire International
acoustical consultants: Harvey Marshall Berling Associates
pool consultants: Aqua Design International
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