The Badaowan Hutong in Xinjiekou, Beijing is not only the old residence of Lu Xun, which needs to be completely preserved, but also many protected courtyards along the former public alley and some listed ancient trees. How to integrate these rich and challenging historical and cultural elements into the design of the campus under the premise of protection? How to integrate the cultural characteristics of this century-old school with profound historical accumulation into the campus design?
The winding and quaint Badaowan Hutong has become a spatial context and cultural clues that connect countless historical scenes with campus functions. Especially in the narrow area between the teaching building and Lu Xun Academy, one side can see the enclosed courtyard through the red Chinese gallery. The landscape canal extends northward and the other side is the wall of the ancient building. Face, strolling in the meantime, the combination of reality and reality, combined with the charm of traditional streets.
Lu Xun’s former residence is the core of the campus and determines the basic form of space. The library, close to Lu Xun's former residence, is a two-story courtyard on the ground floor and two floors underground, and is combined with Lu Xun's old residence to form a complete square pattern.
The library adopted a new and old intertwined approach in order to achieve a subtle transition between history and modernity. It is precisely because of the continuation of this Lu Xun culture in the spatial pattern that the library was named Lu Xun Academy.
The teaching building is a four-institution courtyard with a combination of flat slopes. The part adjacent to the old residence is one to two storeys high, and gradually rises to the northwest to four floors. Although the architectural style is quite modern, it remains in the pattern, height and color. A respect and respect for historical features.
Stadiums, concert halls, and stylistic office buildings have adopted similar design strategies to achieve transition and coordination with adjacent ancient buildings through the formation of different forms of courtyards and sinking courtyards.
The courtyards of different sizes echoed with the old residence of Lu Xun, which became the basic order and main tone of the campus. Together with the tortuous Ba Daowan Hu, the outer boundary was relatively regular and closed, and the internal space was undulating and varied, and the spatial form of change was continued. Beijing's urban texture characterized by courtyards.
Zunyi Building, a two-storey brick and wood structure in the original school site, witnessed the historical changes and development of the school. It is the spirit of the school.
Under the principle of using the original building materials and construction as much as possible, the Zunyi Building was rebuilt on the eastern end of the main campus of the new campus and renamed as “Zhicheng Building” to bear in mind the purpose of running the school in the 35th.
The layout of the building has changed from north-south into east-west. Although it is not protected by the original site, it retains the innate and inseparable blood links with the thirty-five.
From the main school gate with the motto of "sincere and brave, diligent and meticulous", to the book, "Sanjiang Stone, which is a modern school with Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, and Chinese style," and then Zhicheng The building eventually formed the most important spatial axis and cultural heritage of the school, and the limited architectural space was given an infinite cultural conception.
From closed indoor rooms to open public courtyards, from rigorous teaching to active communication, it reflects the fusion of traditional Chinese academy culture and modern open education. The “multi-layered meaning and combined focus” embodied in the campus is the result of time accumulation, rather than the result of solidification in the initial planning. It is to constantly refine the meaning of history and culture under the limited site conditions. To explore the value and potential of the land, and constantly adjust and add products of new content.
The superposition of “space, time and architecture” also fits into the process of a century-old school that has been abandoned and developed in succession. After the completion of the campus, the impression left by the campus is not brand new. It is a glimpse of the past, but it presents a sense of history and time, as if the campus was born here, longer.