近日，MVRDV设计的Casa Kwantes私人住宅建成。坐落于荷兰鹿特丹西南向、建筑面积为480平米的Casa Kwantes，地处一所旧医院的拐角区域。在保证业主住居私密性的的前提下，该宅有着十分开放的空间及日光。从街道上的角度上，透过外面砖墙的开口，仅能瞥见些许室内空间和家庭的生活。沿着一堵带有Celosia风格的砖墙，朝着一个微妙的缩进式入口前行，访者将被引导到一个封闭无光的门厅。而在住宅的另一面，整个房子完全朝南敞开，空间围绕着中心的一棵橄榄树布置开来。
Casa Kwantes bases itself around the clients’ desire for seclusion and privacy, whilst having a maximum of daylight and open living spaces. From the road, the bare brick wall offers only a partial glimpse into the property and family life through an opening of the white brickwork façade - a subtle indented entrance leading into an initially dark and enclosed entrance hall. In contrast, the reverse of the property completely opens up to the south with curved windows following the entire winding façade wrapped around a central olive tree.
The 480㎡ private home designed by MVRDV has a distinct night-daytime separation. It is located in the west of Rotterdam area on a coer plot of the site of an old hospital. On entering through a curved indent in an otherwise flat and mysterious façade with Celosia brickwork detail, visitors are led into the entrance hall. Stepping into the property, it suddenly opens into the well-lit living spaces of its curved and fluid interior. This continuous wall also serves as an entrance to the garage and staircase. The living room and library take up the rest of the space, wrapped around a curvaceous and carved out courtyard that frames the focal point of the house, the tree. The living room’s backbone is a long fitted closet of wood hiding all domestic functions including the basement, entrance, guest toilet, kitchen cabinets and pantry. The flooring from inside continues outside and essentially tus the courtyard into an extension of the house i.e. as an exterior room. There is a small basement for extra storage, and in addition, a sun trap patio at the bottom of the garden which provides an extra paved barbeque space for Dutch summer days.
In order to maintain a responsible environmental footprint, the house has discreetly installed a ground source heat pump, heat exchange system and a roof with solar panels. The solar panels compensate for energy lost from the house’s glazing producing enough energy for it to run entirely on electricity. Casa Kwantes has the potential to become entirely self-sufficient and these installations will be tested in the course of the next year. The living spaces absorb the most sunlight yet for summer months, they have sun shading due to floors cantilevering out slightly. The design process of the home closely followed MVRDV’s commitment to working closely with clients throughout. With almost daily communications, the end result comes as close to a tailor-made home as possible.
在Casa Kwantes住宅附近新建的房子，大多采用了现代而本土化的设计。而带着1930年代现代主义解读痕迹的Casa Kwantes住宅，在回应了市政当局的复古建筑要求的同时，以其乳白色的砖材、落地玻璃立面的运用、开放和封闭空间的反差，使得人们不禁思考，在当地是否需要有一个更加前卫的建筑？
When balancing municipality requirements for a retro style architecture, the home became a contemporary take on 1930s modeism with its long, cream, shallow brickwork, full-height glazing, and the contrasting integration of the flat and fluid, open and enclosed, flexible and defined. As the newly built homes in the vicinity are more veacular in their modeist approach, this variation on a more avant-garde architecture has the been subject of discussions with the municipality.
Project Name: Casa Kwantes
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Year: 2014 - 2016
Design Team: Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs, Nathalie de Vries, Frans de Witte, Herman Gaarman, Arjen Ketting and Brygida Zawadzka
Size & Programme: 480m2 private residence
Engineer: IMd, NL
Installations: Techniplan, NL
Contractor: Villabouw Mattone, NL
Glass Façade: IFS Building Systems, NL
Interiors: DK Projects, BE