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赫尔佐格与德梅隆最新方案:高速公路教堂,一条路径唤起自身感知

赫尔佐格与德梅隆最新方案:高速公路教堂,一条路径唤起自身感知
编辑:崔婧 | 2020.02.20 19:49
效果图 图源:Herzog & de Meuron官网

设计单位  赫尔佐格与德梅隆

项目地点  瑞士安迪尔附近的A13高速公路

建筑面积  地上面积130平方米,地下面积150平方米

项目状态  方案完成


 

2月19日,瑞士第一个高速公路教堂设计公布,设计师为赫尔佐格与德梅隆。高速公路教堂的概念继承了中世纪路边教堂的概念,同时适应了现代的需要。这些教堂为旅行者提供了一个安静休息和祈祷的地方。在邻近的德国,已经有46个类似的高速公路教堂。

On 19 February, the design for Switzerland’s first motorway chapel - the Autobahnkirche - was unveiled to the public. The idea of the Autobahnkirche follows on from the concept of the medieval wayside chapel and is adapted to modern needs. These churches offer travellers a place of rest, silence and prayer. The concept is already established in the neighbouring countries: in Germany alone, there are 46 Autobahnkirchen.

 

效果图 图源:Herzog & de Meuron官网

高速公路教堂位于小村庄安迪尔附近的A13高速公路上。小教堂由高度相等的四面墙相互搭接组成。从这个地面上的小教堂向下,一个宽敞的、蜗牛形状的楼梯通向地下空间,它将依次连接三个小礼拜堂。

Our proposal for the Autobahnkirche is situated on the A13 motorway near Andeer, a small village in the Grisons region. The Autobahnkirche consists of an above-ground chapel, visible from afar, which is composed of four walls of equal height and at right angles, that just lean against each other; they lean and support at the same time. From this aboveground chapel, a broad, snail-shaped flight of stairs leads to an earth room that is conceived as a sequence of three chapels.

 

平面图 ©Herzog & de Meuron
剖面图 ©Herzog & de Meuron

第一个是供读者使用的小礼拜堂,光线从上面进入这个圆形的房间;第二个小礼拜堂有蜡烛、漫反射的墙壁和一个天窗;最后一个房间的全景景观面向村庄、郁郁葱葱的草地和森林开放,房间通高的彩色玻璃的红色与绿色的景象互补,加强了访客对植被的感知。

Along the funnel-shaped earth space, visitors find two other small chapels: the first for readers, with even daylight coming into the round room from above and the second with a candle, a matte, reflecting wall, and a single skylight. Finally, a last room opens a panoramic view of the landscape, the village, and the lush green meadows and woods. Perception of the vegetation is heightened by the complementary red of a room-height pane of tinted glass.

 

效果图 图源:Herzog & de Meuron官网

雅克·赫尔佐格认为,“这个项目对我们来说不同寻常,因为无论是空间规划还是项目位置都没有明确定义。教堂的想法必须独立地从场地、位置和道路中产生。我们在寻找能够增强游客感知的建筑,这里的感知包括位置、自然环境,甚至他们看待自己的方式。”

Jacques Herzog: "The project is unusual for us because neither the spatial program nor the location were clearly defined. The idea for the chapel in Andeer had to emerge from the site alone, from the location, from the road. We were looking for architecture that would sharpen the perception of visitors - of the location, the natural environs, and even of the way they see themselves".

 

建筑师在项目介绍中这样描述道:“我们想要创造空间,而不是一个封闭的建筑体量。它应该更像是一条从外面来的路,穿过一系列特定的房间,然后直接通向户外。最初我们并没有真正意识到这是一条路,直到我们使它穿过土壤来到地下,就像穿过一个有机体或洞穴一样。我们意识到,这个设计的潜力指向不仅仅是一个而是很多类比和联想。这是我们从一开始就想要达到的。”

"We wanted to create space but not a closed architectural volume. It should be more like a path coming from outside, passing through a sequence of specific rooms, and then leading directly outdoors again. But we did not really perceive this as a path until we laid it through the earth, like a passage through an organism or cave. We realized that we now had the potential of not just one but many analogies and associations, which is what we had wanted to achieve from the very start."

 

效果图 图源:Herzog & de Meuron官网

 

完整项目信息

Herzog & de Meuron Team:

Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Andreas Fries (Partner in Charge)

Project team: Martin Knüsel (Associate, Project Director), Daniel Wilson (Project Manager), Monica Gaspar Bonilla, Jonas Läufer, Anna Ludwig

Client:

IG Autobahnkirche A13

Planning:

Cost Consulting: Christen Baukosten- und Projektmanagement, Basel, Switzerland
Structural Engineering: Conzett Bronzini Partner AG, Chur, Switzerland
Specialist / Consulting:

Traffic Consulting: Casutt Wyrsch Zwicky AG, Falera, Switzerland
Visualizations: Aron Lorincz Ateliers, Gödöllő, Hungary

Building Data:

Gross Floor Area (GFA): 280 sqm
GFA above ground: 130 sqm
GFA below ground: 150 sqm
Number of Levels: 2
Height: 10 m

 

 

参考资料

[1] https://www.herzogdemeuron.com/index/news/2020/515-autobahnkirche-unveiled.html

[2] https://www.herzogdemeuron.com/index/projects/complete-works/501-550/515-autobahnkirche.html

 


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