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南半球最高住宅楼:Australia 108 / Fender Katsalidis

南半球最高住宅楼:Australia 108 / Fender Katsalidis
编辑:李博超 | 校对:李博超 | 2021.10.12 00:05
项目外观  ©Peter Bennetts

设计单位  Fender Katsalidis建筑事务所

项目地点  澳大利亚墨尔本

建成时间  2020年

建筑面积  138,300平方米


 

在与建筑商Multiplex的密切合作下,由Fender Katsalidis建筑事务所设计的南半球最高住宅楼——Australia 108现已竣工。项目坐落于墨尔本南岸,毗邻CBD,共100层,总高度达319米。该项目的落成可谓住宅建筑领域上的一次突破性实践,同时又为当地建成了一个新的城市地标。

By working closely with builder Multiplex, Fender Katsalidis completes the Southern Hemisphere’s tallest residential tower in Melbourne. The Southern Hemisphere’s tallest residential tower, Australia 108, is now complete with the Fender Katsalidis-designed skyscraper spanning 100 levels and 319 metres into the sky. Located in Southbank, adjacent to Melbourne CBD, Australia 108 is a new urban marker for the city with the completion an architectural feat for both Australia and residential architecture globally.

 

项目外观  ©Peter Bennetts

从最初的设计思考到最终的地标落成,这座极具雕塑感的玻璃塔楼共耗时7年才完成建造。远观大厦,两层楼高的金色异形体量从主体结构向外突出6米,宛如一颗爆裂的星星,成为人们视觉的焦点,设计师将其命名为“星爆”(Starburst)。设计灵感源自澳大利亚国旗上的联邦之星,它就如同天空中的感叹号,以震撼人心的方式拓展了建筑思维。这个突出的金色体位于塔身大约三分之二的位置,内部设有完备的功能设施,为使用者提供舒适的体验。

The highly sculptural glass tower has taken seven years to complete, from initial design conversations, to today as a new landmark designed to be viewed from near and far. A striking feature of Australia 108 is a gold ‘Starburst’, two levels which protrude six metres outward from the main structure in the shape of a star. Expanding the building’s footprint, the Starburst is an exclamation mark in the sky, inspired by the Commonwealth Star on the Australian flag. It is situated approximately two-thirds of the way up the building with an unrivalled level of amenity inside.

 

“星爆”  ©Peter Bennetts

本项目紧邻事务所的另一栋高层建筑作品——尤里卡大厦(Eureka Tower)。在本项目落成之前,尤里卡大厦一直是墨尔本最高的建筑,直到如今,其最高建筑的地位被Australia 108所取代。玻璃、金色元素、白色条纹,极具辨识度的设计语言与材料巧妙地融入两栋摩天大楼中。事务所总监Craig Baudin认为:“我们使这两栋塔楼之间形成对话,在保证每栋建筑特色的同时,使它们成为城市天际线上的伙伴。”

The building is a neighbour to Eureka Tower, also designed by Fender Katsalidis, which held the title of Melbourne’s tallest building until being eclipsed by Australia 108. Elements which are integrated in both buildings include the design language and materiality, from the use of glass and gold, to the white banding. “We have used this as an opportunity to allow the towers to have a dialogue with each other, being partners in the skyline, while each expressing their own identities,” says Fender Katsalidis director Craig Baudin.

 

Australia 108与尤里卡大厦  ©Peter Bennetts

设计重新定义了摩天大楼的概念,打破人们对摩天大楼的刻板印象。采用创新式悬臂技术的“星爆”部分,为人们提供了另一种体验建筑的方式。”

The design tries to redefine some of the stereotypes around how skyscrapers are expressed – from the innovative, cantilevered Starburst to the varying ways the building can be perceived.

 

Australia 108与尤里卡大厦  ©Peter Bennetts
“星爆”  ©Peter Bennetts

除了考虑到城市天际线外,设计团队更加关注建筑的街道要素,以丰富建筑与观众之间的互动模式,在多个层面上,项目都是名副其实的墨尔本城市地标。团队的目标是为市民、本地居民及未来的游客提供一种全新角度,来欣赏这座城市及城市中的建筑。 底层裙楼保留了传统的立面形式,底层以上10层的停车场,均被金丝雀棕榈树等树种所覆盖,这种设置也为建筑增添了层次分明的绿色元素。

 “While the way the tower is viewed in the skyline is important, we have also chosen to focus on the street experience and the different scales of interaction that viewers of the building might have. “There are many aspects that make up this truly multi-faceted landmark and our aim is for its architecture to be appreciated in different ways by residents, Melburnians and future visitors to the city,” Nicky Drobis says. The ground floor podium features a retained heritage façade while the 10 floors immediately above encompass car parking that is shrouded by canary palms and trees to give the building a layered green element.

 

裙楼充满绿意的立面造型  ©Fender Katsalidis

金丝雀棕榈树等树木的引入  ©Fender Katsalidis

除建筑外观外,团队还设计了室内的公共设施,包括“星爆”中的悬空游泳池,以及位于塔楼底层的云端大厅。室内设计整体呈现出一种淡雅又奢华的美学情调。项目为居民提供了高水准的便利设施,包括双层空中花园、餐饮和功能空间、剧院、健身房、水疗中心和宽敞的烧烤露台。整栋建筑中的共享设施空间超过4500平方米。为了保证大楼能够灵活地接待居住者,项目采用了分段施工分段交付的策略,在上部楼层施工时,居民便可先搬入较低楼层,这种策略确保了建筑各部分功能都可被充分地发挥出来。

In addition to the exterior architecture, Fender Katsalidis has designed the communal amenity within the Starburst, where swimming pools cantilever into the sky, as well as the Cloud lobby at Ground Floor which embodies a moody yet luxurious aesthetic. Australia 108 offers residents a high level of amenity, encompassing a double height sky garden, dining and function spaces, theatrettes, gymnasiums, spas and an extensive barbeque terrace. There is more than 4,500 square metres of shared facilities across the entire building. To ensure the building’s viability for client World Class Global, there was a staged handover with residents moving into the lower levels whilst the upper portions were under construction. The design took this into account and ensured the building could be functional even in sections.

 

室内接待空间  ©Willem-Dirk du Toit
建筑内部  ©Willem-Dirk du Toit

“尽管建筑受到场地面积的限制,但是‘星爆’创新性的悬臂形式为空间的扩展提供了可能,让我们能够在建筑的上层设置更加宽敞的公共空间。” Craig Baudin说道:“公共空间的数量与质量对确保建筑中的社区凝聚力有着至关重要的作用,从这个角度来看,本项目为多层住宅树立了一个优秀的范本。作为南半球最高的住宅,项目为居民提供了令人惊叹的视野景观,让人们放眼云层之上,享受极致的城市全景。而‘星爆’的公共空间则让每一位居民都能分享这美妙的景色,无论公寓在哪个楼层,居住者都可以汇聚于此共享快乐时光。”

“The dramatic cantilevered forms of the Starburst allow us to achieve a generosity of communal spaces to these levels, despite being constrained by a relatively small site,” says Baudin. “The amount of communal space we have delivered was vital in ensuring there was a sense of community in the building and it sets a benchmark for facilities in multi-residential buildings. “Housing the highest residences in the Southern Hemisphere, there is an incredible sense of view and outlook above the clouds. The Starburst amenities give every resident the ability to share in the amazing view, no matter where in the building their apartment might be located,” he says.

 

悬空游泳池  ©Willem-Dirk du Toit
室内装饰  ©Willem-Dirk du Toit

此外,团队还特别考虑了建筑外观夜间效果的设计,这一点恰是墨尔本的许多其他高层建筑所忽视的。项目白日里明显的雕塑轮廓在夜间依然清晰可见,除了住宅内透出的灯光外,外立面上白色的灯带照亮建筑的水平线条,形成发光的线框,突出了建筑形态的曲线与轮廓。这些灯光是可以编程的,精心设计的图案与建筑内部照明一起点亮突出的悬臂体,将其变成夜空中耀眼的星星。

Fender Katsalidis has considered the way the building looks at night, something that many other tall buildings in Melbourne overlook. The sculptural forms, overt during the day, are visible at night with the building’s horizontal white bands being lit, forming a glowing wireframe that highlights the curves and contours beyond the lights of individual residences. They are programmable to form patterns and accompany the internally lit Starburst which appears as a glowing star at night.

 

墨尔本天际线中的Australia 108  ©Peter Bennetts

 

设计图纸 ▽

 

总平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
地面层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
11层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
70层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
71层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
76层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
92层平面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
北立面图  ©Fender Katsalidis
南立面图  ©Fender Katsalidis

剖面图  ©Fender Katsalidis

 

完整项目信息

项目情况:2020年竣工

地点:澳大利亚,墨尔本

设计时间:2012年—2020年

客户:World Class Land

建筑面积:138,300平方米

类型:住宅公寓、住宅建筑、住宅楼、住宅综合体、摩天楼

项目功能:公寓、悬空游泳池、双层空中花园、餐饮和功能空间、剧院、健身房、水疗中心和烧烤露台

设计总监:Nicky Drobis

项目负责人:Craig Baudin

主创设计师:Karl Fender, Kathie Hall

设计团队:Shem Kelder, Jim Stewart, Wayne King, Kianson Tay, Sophie Zasempa, Nidhya Sakathevan, Cheryn Cheam, Wuff Keeble, Jessica Lee, Sarah Hurst, Andrew Samuel, Sally Jacob, Poonam Randev, Stephanie Fourniotis, Sprina Singh, Pinar Kolay, Delu Pok, Yasmin Dall, Sophie Addison, Zac Yiu, Bryan Dinh, Claudia Reinhardt, Domenic Bono, Sheila Fung, Jet Leong, Shin Kil, Georgie Tiernan, Edgar Lopez, Ping Tan, Ashleigh Briggs, Ben Sann, Cliff Chang, Sheila Fung, Tina Gelberidis

施工单位:Brookfield Multiplex Australasia

材料:金属、混凝土、钢材、玻璃

摄影:Fender Katsalidis、Peter Bennetts、Willem-Dirk du Toit

 


 

版权声明:本文由Fender Katsalidis授权发布。欢迎转发,禁止以有方编辑版本转载。
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