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格拉塞尔艺术学校 / 斯蒂芬·霍尔建筑事务所

翻译、编辑:易智丽(实习生);校对:林楚杰 | 2018-05-16 15:47 | 分享  

Steven Holl Architects

http://www.stevenholl.com/

格拉塞尔艺术学校、广场及屋顶

 

格拉塞尔艺术学校是美国唯一的博物馆附属院校,该学校在过去近30年内成为了休斯顿艺术社群的影响力中心。学校目前已收纳7000名学生,计划将扩展至8500人,因此将扩大学校建设服务更多扩展课程。斯蒂文·霍尔设计的新格拉塞尔艺术学校,标志着初级学校、工作坊学校和研究生常驻项目首次并置于一个建筑体中。

The Glassell School of Art is the only museum-affiliated school in the United States. The school has been a vital and influential center for Houston’s artistic community for nearly three decades.The enrollment of about 7,000 students is expected to grow to 8,500 with the expanded course offerings of the enlarged facility.The new Steven Holl Architects–designed building for the Glassell School of Art marks the first time the Junior School, Studio School, and Core Residency Program are housed under one roof. 

 

2 Day view of the Glassell School of Art west elevation Photograph  Richard Barnes

1 Night view of the Glassell School of Art west elevation Photograph  Richard Barnes

格拉塞尔艺术学校西立面日夜景  摄影:Richard Barnes

 

格拉塞尔艺术学校总面积97,765平方英尺,高3层,设置有采用先进技术的艺术工作室以及氛围活跃的交流空间。康百世银行和邻近的布朗基金会共同资助了艺术学院的扩建。毗邻野口勇设计的“Lillie & Hugh Roy Cullen雕塑公园”的艺术学院,共同位于2公顷的基地上,它将替代1979年的老格拉塞尔艺术学校。

The three-story Glassell School of Art provides state-of-the-art studios and active social spaces within the 93,765-square-foot structure. The BBVA Compass Roof Garden and adjacent Brown Foundation, Inc. Plaza also serve the expanding needs of the school and the unique mix of students of all ages. Sited on two acres, adjoining the Lillie and Hugh Roy Cullen Sculpture Garden designed by Isamu Noguchi, the building replaces the school’s 1979 facility.

 

L形的新格拉塞尔艺术学校形塑了布朗基金会广场,这也扩充了Lillie & Hugh Roy Cullen雕塑公园。屋顶的倾斜面塑造了一个露天剧场和去往屋顶花园的公共通路,在那里可以俯瞰整个休斯顿艺术博物馆(MFAH)。

The new ‘L’ shaped Glassell school shapes the Brown Foundation Plaza which extends the space of the Lillie and Hugh Roy Cullen Sculpture Garden by Isamu Noguchi. The inclined plane of the roof shapes an amphitheater and a public path to a rooftop garden overlooking the whole MFAH campus.

 

3 View of the Glassell School of Art from the Cullen Sculpture Garden Photograph Richard Barnes

从雕塑公园看艺术学校  摄影:Richard Barnes

SHA Watercolor of Glassell School and Kinder Building Courtesy of Steven Holl Architects

设计草图  ©Steven Holl Architects

 

该建筑中包含3个长廊:

1)首层可全览广场的咖啡厅

2)连接雕塑隧道、未建成的Nancy and Rich Kinder大楼的教育大厅

3)二层公共集会空间顶部

There are 3 gallery spaces in the building:

1)At the ground level café space overlooking the plaza

2)At the Education Court connecting to a sculptural tunnel to the future Nancy and Rich Kinder Building

3)At the top of the forum on the second floor

 

不同水平高度的阶梯塑造了一个公共集会空间,同时也是非正式的学习场所。研究生核心项目、初级学校和8个核心研究院工作室共享23个工作室。所有这些空间都是基于灵活适用、良好采光以及恰当尺度比例的原则来设计的。

The main entry opens to a cascade of levels at the forum shaping an informal learning space directly opening to a 75 seat auditorium. There are 23 studios shared between the core program and junior school and 8 core-fellow studios. All of these have been designed with flexibility, great light, and fine proportions.

 

5 Interior view the forum of the Glassell School of Art Photograph  Richard Barnes

公共集会空间  摄影:Richard Barnes

6 A studio classroom inside the Glassell School of Art Photograph  Richard Barnes

工作坊、教室  摄影:Richard Barnes

 

建筑外部结构的178个预制混凝土板与170块玻璃交错呈现,打造了一个富有韵律的外立面。玻璃为工作室和教室内部提供自然采光。贯通三层、拥有宽阔台阶的集会空间激活了学校内部氛围。

The exterior is constructed from 178 unique precast concrete panels that create a rhythm across the exterior surface as they alternate with 170 glass panes that provide natural light to all studios and classrooms. A three-story, broad-stepped forum activates the center of the school’s interior.

 

4 Detail of the Glassell School of Art facade south elevation Photograph Richard Barnes
富有韵律的南立面    摄影:Richard Barnes

SHA Watercolor of Glassell School Courtesy of Steven Holl Architects

外立面设计草图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Level 1 Floor Plan

一层平面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Level 2 Floor Plan

二层平面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Level 3 Floor Plan

三层平面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Roof Plan

屋顶平面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Forum Enlarged Section

集会空间剖面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA Overall Building Sections

剖面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

 

SHA South Elevation

 

南立面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

SHA West Elevation

西立面图  ©Steven Holl Architects

 

项目基地:5101 Montrose Boulevard, 休斯顿市, 德克萨斯州

开放时间:2018年5月20日

主创设计师:Steven Holl Architects / New York

联合设计: Kendall/Heaton Associates, Inc. / Houston

景观设计:Deborah Nevins & Associates, Inc. in collaboration with Nevins & Benito Landscape Architecture, D.P.C. / New York

施工:McCarthy Building Companies, Inc. / Houston

摄影:Richard Barnes

 


版权声明:本文由Steven Holl Architects授权发布,禁止以有方编辑后版本转载。

投稿邮箱:

作为整个孟加拉首都综合体的核心部分,国会建筑(National Assembly Building)的设计时间几乎同整个综合体同样长久。它完整的类型构成包括了九个经过简化的类型建筑:北面的入口花园、南面的清真寺、西面的来访贵宾室、东面的议员休息室、四个办公建筑。该建筑集合了康晚期作品中所有的类型学特质:理想集会建筑模式、层状空间、从结构中的结构到房间中的房间一致性、皮达内西式的迷宫空间。该建筑最明确的体现了康纯熟的类型操作技巧:类型的简化和重组。[i]

虽然平面关系在合同签订之后的两年之后就已经基本确定,但困扰康的问题却一直是国会建筑的顶部结构。康和包括奥古斯特·考曼顿特(August Komendant)在内的结构工程师合作先后实验了多种结构方案。在第一集的图集中仅仅重新制作了其中的三个方案分析(它们分别产生于1963年、1964年和1970年代初),其中包括最终实现的钢结构方案。有一条线索从一开始就非常明确,康和考曼顿特倾向于采用混凝土的折板结构形式,而不是框架形式。这一新思路既是考曼顿特战后独特的工程创建,也能够在诸如沙克生物研究所(Salk Institute, La Jolla, California)等多个项目中得到印证。

国会建筑具有多层次的空间结构,它既是类型之间重组的结果,又是康一直的命题。它是早期以唯一神派教堂(First Unitarian Church and School, Rochester, New York)为代表的理想集会建筑模式在深度上和竖向上的复杂化。在现代建筑中失去的进深逐渐被层状空间所代替,虽然没有交错的内部路径但回环的层次塑造了诗意的迷宫。



[i] 以上命题的论述请参看《静谧与光明之间——孟加拉国会综合体主体建筑的类型学分析》

 

 

参考文献:

[1]Robert McCarter. Louis I Kahn. London: Phaidon. 2005.

[2]H. Ronnner, S. Jhaveri. Louis I·Kahn Complete Work 1935-1974. Boston: Birkhauser. Jan.1,1988.

[3]David B. Brownlee. David G. De Long. Louis I Kahn In the Realm of Architecture. New York: Rizzoli. Oct.5,1997.

[4]Kazi Khaleed Ashraf. Saif UI Haque. Sherebanglanagar: Louis Kahn and the Making of a Capital Complex. Dhaka: Loka Publication. Sep.9,2002.

[5]Vincent Scully. Jehovah On Olympus: Louis Kahn and the End of Modernism. Monografias de Arquitectura y Vivienda. Feb. 2001.

[6]Sarah Williams Ksiazek. Architectural Culture in the Fifties: Louis Kahn and the National Assembly Complex in Dhaka. The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. Vol.52. No.4. 1993.

[7]Sarah Williams Ksiazek. Critiques of Liberal Individualism: Louis Kahn’s Civic Project, 1947-57. Assemblage. No. 31. 1996.

 

 

图版说明:

2346,7由作者绘制.

1来自http://www.panoramio.com/photos/original/3192328.jpg.

5来自http://www.wallpaper.com/gallery/art/louis-kahn-dhaka/17050083/2#16516.

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