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为希望而建造:奥德姆美琪癌症照护中心 / dRMM建筑师事务所

原源 | 2018-03-07 21:00 | 分享  

dRMM Architects

头图 AlexdeRijke

奥德姆美琪中心  ©Alex de Rijke

 

美琪照护中心是为希望而建造的建筑,机构为癌症患者提供免费的帮助和支持。中心创建人是美琪·詹克斯 (Maggie Keswick Jencks) ,1996年,在美琪因癌症离世第二年,首家美琪中心在英国爱丁堡建成开放这些安全、友好的空间旨在以设计的力量振奋为病痛所困扰的人们的精神,改善患者的心理状态,以此更好地应对。

Maggie’s Centres seek to provide ‘the architecture of hope’. They offer free practical and emotional support for people affected by cancer. Built in the grounds of NHS cancer hospitals, the centres are safe and welcoming spaces. They lift the spirits and set the scene for people to draw on strengths they may not have realised they had in order to cope.

 

人1AlexdeRijke

©Alex de Rijke

人2 JasminSohi

©Jasmin Sohi

人32 AlexdeRijke

©Alex de Rijke

人4last TonyBarwell

©Tony Barwell

 

奥德姆美琪中心的设计植根于机构的人文关怀,但相较于形式,设计更注重实质内容。这是一个简洁却精巧的“木盒”,由细长柱体支撑的它悬浮在由松、桦、白杨组合而成的花园之上。建筑内部有一个镂空的“绿洲”,树木从建筑中生长而出,也将绿意带入室内。进入后,到访者便得以遇见一个轻盈、景致通透的空间。

The design of Maggie’s Oldham is all this and more – less about form and more about content. A simple yet sophisticated wooden box of surprises. Supported on slender columns, the building floats above a garden framed by pine, birch and tulip poplar trees. From a central oasis, a tree grows up through the building, bringing nature inside. On entering, the visitor is met with a space, light and unexpected views down to the garden below, up to the sky, and out to the Pennine horizon.

 

细柱0.0 JasminSohi

细柱支撑 ©Jasmin Sohi

细柱支撑1 TonyBarwell

细柱支撑 ©Tony Barwell

细柱支撑2 JasminSohi

细柱支撑3 JasminSohi

细柱支撑 ©Jasmin Sohi

 

植物1望底部花园 JasminSohi

©Jasmin Sohi

植物细部0 TonyBarwell

©Tony Barwell

植物2AlexdeRijke

©Alex de Rijke

树last向天空 AlexdeRijke highres

©Alex de Rijke

 

奥德姆美琪中心的一大设计意图,是改变传统医疗建筑的陈规,不让活动于其中的人们感到压抑。建筑对木材的使用是这一意图的重要实现方式。木材的质感能传递出希望和人性的温度,奥德姆美琪中心是第一个以鹅掌楸交错层压木材建造起的永久建筑,墙壁与屋顶都呈现着细致而自然的柔软。精心打磨后的层压木更像是家具本身而非建筑材料,板条形天花由胶合过程中产生的余料构成,减少了浪费。

The use of wood at Maggie’s Oldham is part of a bigger design intention to reverse the norms of hospital architecture, where clinical institutionalised environments can make patients feel dispirited. In wood there is hope, humanity, scale and warmth. Maggie’s Oldham is the first permanent building constructed from sustainable tulipwood cross-laminated timber, following on from dRMM, AHEC and Arup’s development of this material. All of the walls and roof are visibly structure and form an exquisite natural timber finish internally. The tulipwood CLT has been carefully detailed to bring out its natural beauty – it’s fine, variegated finish is more akin to a piece of furniture than a construction material. The slatted ceiling was created from wood left over from the CLT fabrication process, ensuring no waste.

 

细部1 AlexdeRijke

细部32AlexdeRijke

细部  ©Alex de Rijke

 

室内0.5 JasminSohi

室内 ©Jasmin Sohi

室内1 AlexdeRijke

室内2 AlexdeRijke

室内  ©Alex de Rijke

室内3 JasminSohi

室内4 JasminSohi

室内 ©Jasmin Sohi

露台 Jon Cardwell

露台 ©Jon Cardwell

外观 AlexdeRijke

外观 ©Alex de Rijke

 

木材的运用融入到了建筑中的每个细节里。考虑到对冰冷物体的接触可能加深化疗的痛苦,门把手的设计以橡木代替了金属。窗框也由美国白栎制成,营造出一个通透澄澈的空间。奥德姆美琪中心是医疗建筑领域的一次用心尝试,经由木材得以实现。

We have considered the use of wood at every opportunity. As those undergoing chemotherapy sometimes feel pain on touching cold objects, oak rather than metal door handles have been used. Wood fibre insulation ensures a breathable, healthy environment whilst the huge window frames are American white oak. Maggie’s Oldham is a carefully made manifesto for the architecture of health, realised in wood. The Centre has been made possible by the enormous generosity of the Stoller Charitable Trust, which has fully funded the Centre.

 

尾图3 AlexdeRijke

©Alex de Rijke

MaggiesOldham dRMM Plan

平面 ©dRMM

MaggiesOldham dRMM CrossSection

MaggiesOldham dRMM LongSection

剖面 ©dRMM

MaggiesOldham dRMM SWCornerSection

MaggiesOldham dRMM PlanDetails

细部 ©dRMM

 

项目名称:奥德姆美琪中心

项目地点:奥德姆,英国

Client: Maggies

Funding: Stoller Charitable Trust

Architect: dRMM - www.drmm.co.uk

Timber Advice: AHEC

Landscape Design: dRMM & Rupert Muldoon

Structural Engineer: Booth King

Cost Consultant: Robert Lombardelli Partnership

Main Contractor: F Parkinson

Building Services Engineer: Atelier Ten

Structural Timber Subcontractor: Zublin Timber

Tulipwood Supplier: Middle Tenessee Lumber

Machining of Cladding: Morgan Timber

Internal Joinery: Uncommon Projects

Artist (Curtain): Inside/Outside

Landscape subcontractor: Hultons

Curved Glazing: IPIG

Timber Framed Windows: Aresi

Furniture: Coexistence

Wooden Door Handles: Mowat & Co / Allgood


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